View More View Less
  • 1 University of Pécs Department of Public Utilities, Geodetic Survey and Environemental Protection Pollack Mihály Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology Boszorkány u. 2 H-7624 Pécs Hungary
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

Purchase this article

USD  $387.00

Geothermal energy is the most economical of the green energy resources such as solar or wind. It is a ‘base-load’ type of power, which is constantly available, not just when the sun shines or the wind blows. In Hungary, geothermal energy has proven to be an economical source of energy for direct use. A significant amount of geothermal energy is located throughout Hungary and thermal water (> 30 °C) can be found over 70% of the area of the country. This is supplied mainly from two principal aquifer systems of regional extent. One of them is the clastic Upper Pannonian Quaternary fill of the Pannonian basin, and the other one is the fractured and/or karstified Mesozoic basement. The geothermal situation in Hungary offers two directions for the utilization of geothermal energy. Using the heat from shallow geological sections for heating and cooling buildings; and using thermal sources of low enthalpy thermal waters in several ways (heating and sanitary waters in buildings, greenhouses and aquaculture installations). The potential of geothermal resources and their immediate development should focus on cascade and integrated utilization of geothermal energy. Cascade schemes should be used to fulfil the thermal energy demand for the selected area in order to get the maximum benefit from geothermal energy with the minimum energy demand from heat pumps. The integrated scheme has environmental benefits by using renewable energies (geothermal energy and solar energy), new technologies (heat pumps) and energy savings (cascade scheme). In the long-run, the economic benefits of geothermal power may even exceed those of the fossil fuels. It would likely prove to be a sustainable low-cost source of power. Exploitation of geothermal energy will have a direct impact on the development of the regions, by increasing per capita income and at the same time raising the inhabitants’ standard of living.

  • Dickson M. H., Fanelli M. What is geothermal energy, Istituto di geoscienze e Georisorse, CNR, Pisa, Italy, 2004.

    Fanelli M. , '', in Istituto di geoscienze e Georisorse , (2004 ) -.

  • Boldizsar T. Terrestial heat flow in Hungary Geophisica Pura e Applicata, Vol. 34, 1956, pp. 66–70.

    Boldizsar T. , 'Terrestial heat flow in Hungary ' (1956 ) 34 Geophisica Pura e Applicata : 66 -70.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Szanyi J., Kovács B. Experiences on reinjection at geothermal systems in South-East Hungary http://www.iea-gia.org/documents/SzanyiKovacsHungaryExperiencedraftAxelsson4Apr09.pdf (last visited 28.12.2010.)

  • Árpási M., Szabó Gy. Geothermal development in Hungary country update report 1995–1999, Proceeding World Geothermal Congress 2000 Kyushu-Tohoku, Japan, 28 May–10 June, 2000, pp. 59–69.

  • Bobok E., Mating B., Navratil L. Investigation of different methods for geothermal resources assessment, In: Földtani Kutatás, Vol. 31, No. 1, 1988, pp.79–83.

    Navratil L. , 'Investigation of different methods for geothermal resources assessment ' (1988 ) 31 Földtani Kutatás : 79 -83.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • European Geothermal Energy Council, 2010, http://www.egec.org , (last visited 28.12.2010)

  • European Renewable Energy Council, 2010, http://www.erec.org , (last visited 28.12.2010)

  • Jenei T. Geothermal energy applications in agriculture, 4th Aspects and Visions of Applied Economics and Informatics, Debrecen, Hungary, 26–27 March 2009, pp. 1105–1112.

  • _Árpád Agrár Rt http://www.arpad.hu (last visited, 27.12.2010)

  • Szendrői E. A robust hybrid method for the multimode resource-constrained project scheduling problem, Pollack Periodica, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2010, pp. 175–184, DOI: 10.1556/Pollack.5.2010.3.15.

    Szendrői E. , 'A robust hybrid method for the multimode resource-constrained project scheduling problem ' (2010 ) 5 Pollack Periodica : 175 -184.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Láng B. A robust hybrid method for the resource-constrained project scheduling problem with discounted cash flows, Pollack Periodica, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2010, pp. 167–174, DOI: 10.1556/Pollack.5.2010.3.14.

    Láng B. , 'A robust hybrid method for the resource-constrained project scheduling problem with discounted cash flows ' (2010 ) 5 Pollack Periodica : 167 -174.

    • Search Google Scholar

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jan 2021 0 0 0
Feb 2021 1 0 0
Mar 2021 1 0 0
Apr 2021 2 0 0
May 2021 3 0 0
Jun 2021 1 0 0
Jul 2021 0 0 0