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  • 1 Department of Civil Engineering, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, 009841, Tabriz, Iran
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Abstract

In this paper, to improve the durability of concrete, fly ash has been used as a percentage of cement and copper slag rather than a percentage of sand. Using a resistance test and water permeability test, four series of concrete specimens containing fly ash and copper slag, each containing 49 concrete mixing designs, were evaluated. After obtaining the results, eight samples with the highest electrical resistance were selected and the specimens were again tested in different environmental conditions. The results show that the environmental conditions of sulfate and carbonate have the least and most impact on reducing durability and there is a power relationship, with good precision, between the water penetration of the test specimens and the electrical resistance of the test specimens.

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