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  • 1 Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Orvosi Genetikai és Gyermekfejlődéstani Intézet Pécs Szigeti u. 12. 7624
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Az utóbbi két évtizedet tartják a klinikai mitokondriális DNS-kutatás aranykorának. Folyamatosan bővül a patológiás variánsok száma, amelyek betegséggel társulnak, illetve bővül az ismeretanyag azokról az entitásokról, melyek hátterében a mitokondriális DNS kóros elváltozásai állnak. A cirkuláris mitokondriális DNS öröklődése eltér a Mendel-féle szabályoktól, anyai öröklésmenetet mutat; számos vonatkozásban eltérő sajátosságokkal rendelkezik a nukleáris DNS-hez viszonyítva. A molekuláris biológiai módszerek terjedésével egyre több kórkép ismerhető fel, noha a diagnosztika manapság is komoly kihívást jelent. Napjainkban a mitokondriális medicina számos orvosi szubspecialitáshoz kapcsolódóan jelentős előrelépéseket mutatott; így körvonalazódott a mitokondriális gasztroenterológia, endokrinológia, otológia, oftalmológia, nefrológia, hematológia, onkológia, reproduktív medicina és pszichiátria, mintegy az adott szubspecialitás mitokondriális DNS-sel kapcsolatos, többé-kevésbé részleges önállósodással megjelenő territóriuma. A jelen összefoglaló közlemény a mitokondriális medicina rövid, általános összefoglalása mellett e fejezetekre próbál rátekintést nyújtani.

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