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  • 1 Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Klinikai Központ II. Belgyógyászati Klinika és Nefrológiai Centrum Pécs Pacsirta u. 1. 7624
  • 2 Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Klinikai Központ Szívgyógyászati Klinika Pécs
  • 3 Komlói Egészségcentrum Nonprofit Kft. Általános Belgyógyászati Osztály Komló
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A szívbetegségek és vesebetegségek nagyon gyakoriak és egyre többször együttesen fordulnak elő. Az Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative munkabizottság által megalakított konszenzuscsoport újonnan osztályozta és ismertette ezeket a cardiorenalis szindrómákat és azok szubtípusait. A cardiorenalis szindrómákat annak alapján osztályozták, hogy melyik szervnek elsődleges és melyik szervnek másodlagos a károsodása, illetve hogy a szív- és a veseelváltozások együttesen, szisztémás betegségként is létrejöhetnek. Öt altípust alakítottak ki: 1-estípus. Akut cardiorenalis szindróma: a cardialis funkció gyors csökkenése, amely akut renalis strukturális és/vagy funkcionális károsodáshoz vezet. 2-es típus. Krónikus cardiorenalis szindróma: krónikus szívbetegségek, amelyek krónikus vesekárosodáshoz és/vagy diszfunkcióhoz vezetnek. 3-as típus. Akut renocardialis szindróma: a vesefunkció hirtelen csökkenése, amely akut cardialis károsodáshoz és/vagy diszfunkcióhoz vezet. 4-es típus. Krónikus renocardialis szindróma: krónikus vesebetegségek, amelyek a szív megbetegedéséhez és/vagy a szívfunkció károsodásához vezetnek. 5-ös típus. Szekunder cardiorenalis szindróma: akut vagy krónikus szisztémás betegségek, amelyek a szív és a vese szimultán megbetegedéséhez és/vagy diszfunkciójához vezetnek. Az egyes típusokhoz tartozó betegeknek az azonosítása és a patofiziológiai mechanizmusoknak a megismerése segítséget fog nyújtani a kardiológusoknak, a nefrológusoknak és az intenzív terápiás szakorvosoknak abban, hogy szív- és vesekárosodott betegeiket időben felismerjék és speciálisan kezeljék. Orv. Hetil., 2011, 152, 1520–1527.

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