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  • 1 Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar I. Szülészeti és Nőgyógyászati Klinika Budapest Baross u. 27. 1088
  • 2 Budapesti Corvinus Egyetem Egészség-gazdaságtani és Egészségügyi Technológiaelemzési Kutatóközpont Budapest
  • 3 Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Department of Development and Regeneration Leuven Belgium
  • 4 WERF EndoCost Consortium
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Bevezetés: Az endometriosis az egyik leggyakoribb nőgyógyászati betegség, több mint 70 millió felnőtt és serdülő nőt érint világszerte. Célkitűzés: A szerzők az endometriosis diagnosztikus késedelmi idejének meghatározását, a sebészi, illetve kombinált műtéti kezelés hatékonyságának vizsgálatát, valamint a betegek életminőségének felmérését tűzték ki célul. Módszer: A beválogatási kritériumoknak megfelelő 240, endometriosisban szenvedő nőből 84 vett részt a retrospektív és prospektív kérdőíves felmérésben. Eredmények: A tünetek kezdetétől a diagnózisig átlagosan 3,9 év telt el. A tünetek fellépésekor a betegek 89%-a, a kezelést követő prospektíven vizsgált hónapokban 28%-a panaszkodott fájdalomról (p = 0,025). A sebészi kezelés és a műtéti terápiával kombinált konzervatív kezelés hatékonysága között nem találtak szignifikáns különbséget (p = 0,85). A munkahelyi teljesítmény csökkenéséről a betegek 47%-a, míg a személyes kapcsolatok kedvezőtlen alakulásáról a vizsgálatban részt vevők 40%-a számolt be. Az életminőségre standardizált életévveszteség egy év alatt 0,147 volt. Következtetések: Jelen felmérés az első hazai prospektív, az endometriosis életminőségre gyakorolt hatását vizsgáló tanulmány. A betegségre hosszú diagnosztikus késés jellemző. Az endometriosis jelentősen rontja az életminőséget, de adekvát kezeléssel a panaszok csökkenthetők. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 1426–1434.

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