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  • 1 Országos Epidemiológiai Központ, Budapest, Albert Flórián út 2–6., 1097
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Bevezetés: A methicillin-rezisztens Staphylococcus aureus az egészségügyi ellátással összefüggő és a bentlakásos szociális intézményekben előforduló fertőzések egyik leggyakoribb kórokozója, amely növeli a morbiditást és a mortalitást, valamint jelentős többletköltségekkel jár. Célkitűzés: A methicillin-rezisztens Staphylococcus aureus előfordulásának és kockázati tényezőinek bemutatása. Módszer: Szisztematikus irodalomkutatás 2006. január 1. és 2015. december 31. között a PubMed, a ScienceDirect és a Cochrane Library CENTRAL adatbázisokban. Eredmények: Az elmúlt 10 év során a methicillin-rezisztens Staphylococcus aureus prevalenciája az európai bentlakásos szociális intézményekben (12,6%) jóval alacsonyabb volt, mint Észak-Amerikában (33,9%). A leggyakoribb kockázati tényező a megelőző antimikrobiális terápia, kórházi felvétel és fertőzés/kolonizáció, a krónikus seb és a magas fokú ellátási igény. Következtetések: A methicillin-rezisztens Staphylococcus aureus előfordulásának és elterjedésének megelőzésére irányuló infekciókontroll-tevékenységek kiemelkedő közegészségügyi prioritásnak tekintendők mind az európai, mind a hazai bentlakásos szociális intézményekben. Orv. Hetil., 2016, 157(27), 1071–1078.

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