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A cardiorespiratoricus fittség (aerob kapacitás, VO2max) mértéke nagymértékben meghatározza az életkilátásokat, ezért növelése az egészség helyreállítására a szervezett edzésprogramon alapuló multidiszciplináris rehabilitáció egyik fő célja – a többi rizikótényező csökkentése mellett. A (tünetek által behatárolt) egyenletes iramú testmozgások mellett egyre kiterjedtebb az interval jellegű „edzés”. Ilyenkor a néhány perces intenzívebb szakaszt hasonló tartamú vagy hosszabb könnyű mozgás vagy passzív pihenő váltja (mérsékelt intenzitású interval edzés: MICE). Az intenzív szakasz történhet a tünetküszöb alatti maximális intenzitással is (high-intensity interval training: HIIT), sőt igen rövid, 10–30 másodperces szupramaximális és hosszabb pihenőszakaszok váltakozásával is (sprint interval training: SIT). Ezek előnye a 30–40%-kal rövidebb edzéstartam, emellett sokak számára ezek elfogadhatóbb edzésformák, változatosabbá teszik a programot, hatásosabban, extra veszély nélkül. Az interval jellegű rehabilitációs edzésprogramok helyet kapnak az egyéb kórállapotok kezelésében is, káros mellékhatások nélkül. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(33): 1346–1352.

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