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  • 1 Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Klinikai Központ, Pécs, Munkácsy M. utca 2., 7621
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Absztrakt:

Hirtelen halláscsökkenésnek nevezzük a 72 órán belül kialakuló, 3 egymást követő frekvenciát érintő és 30 dB-t meghaladó sensorineuralis halláscsökkenést. A betegség a leggyakrabban idiopathiás, és mielőbbi kezelést igényel. A Pécsi Tudományegyetem Klinikai Központjának Fül-Orr-Gégészeti és Fej-Nyaksebészeti Klinikáján 2015. 01. 01. és 2016. 12. 31. között 149 beteget kezeltünk hirtelen halláscsökkenéssel. Retrospektív analízisünkben a kezelés eredményességét, valamint az azt befolyásoló tényezőket vizsgáltuk. A hallásjavulás mértékét negatívan befolyásolta a magas frekvenciákat érintő halláskárosodás (p = 0,012), az idősebb életkor (p = 0,005), a cardiovascularis társbetegség (p = 0,009), illetve a cukorbetegség megléte (p = 0,029), valamint a kisebb mértékű kisfokú halláscsökkenés (p<0,001). Nem befolyásolta a javulást a kezelés megkezdéséig eltelt idő, a beteg neme és az érintett fül oldalisága. Eredményeink döntőrészt megfelelnek a nemzetközi irodalmi adatoknak. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(18): 687–693.

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