Authors:
Emil Fraenkel Bajcsy-Zsilinszky Hospital 1st Department of Medicine Budapest Hungary

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Rita Takács Bajcsy-Zsilinszky Hospital 1st Department of Medicine Budapest Hungary

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József Hamvas Bajcsy-Zsilinszky Hospital 1st Department of Medicine Budapest Hungary

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Gabriella Lengyel Semmelweis University 2nd Department of Medicine Budapest Hungary

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János Fehér Semmelweis University 2nd Department of Medicine Budapest Hungary

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Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an acquired metabolic disease of the liver caused by accumulation of triglycerides in the hepatocytes followed by necrobiotic inflammatory reaction, fibrosis, and even cirrhosis. The accumulation of fatty acids in consequence of insulin resistance lies in the background of the process; the next step of pathogenesis is activation of microsomal polysubstrate systems and the oxidative stress caused by the released free radicals. Obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidaemia are important pathogenetic factors. Patients with cholelithiasis and with a history of diabetes mellitus are known to have complications of cholelithiasis more frequently in comparison to those without diabetes. Objective: The aim of the study was the observation of the incidence of cholelithiasis and its complications in patients with NAFLD, as well as the comparison of the incidence of cholelithiasis between healthy persons and patients with NAFLD. Method: Abdominal ultrasonographical findings of patients hospitalised at the authors’ department and of outpatients have been analysed. Patients with severe co-morbidity were excluded of the analysis. The patient population studied can be considered as a selected sample, since patients undergoing abdominal ultrasound examination attended the clinics because of various clinical complaints, and the majority of them were hospitalised at the department. Alcohol abuse was excluded with the help of history taking by several investigators. Gender distribution within each group was also analysed. The independence of the two examined variables was measured by the χ 2 test. Results: Steatosis was described in 38% of the examined patients; cholelithiasis was described in 16% of patients. Of patients diagnosed with steatosis, 16% had cholelithiasis or some of its complications. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease has been diagnosed by ultrasonography in 33% of patients with cholelithiasis. The incidence of NAFLD among patients examined because of cholelithiasis and its complications is two times higher than the incidence of cholelithiasis among patients examined for NAFLD. Complications of cholelithiasis occurred more frequently among patients with NAFLD than in those without it. The χ 2 test has brought no significant result for the independence of cholelithiasis and NAFLD. Conclusion: The pathogenetic factors of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease may play a role in the development of cholelithiasis, and presumably the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease develops more quickly than cholelithiasis, upon the effect of the shared pathogenetic factors.

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Hungarian Medical Journal
Language English
Size  
Year of
Foundation
2007
Publication
Programme
ceased
Volumes
per Year
 
Issues
per Year
 
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1788-6139 (Print)
ISSN 1789-0403 (Online)