For fixed integers n(= 0) and μ, the number of ways in which a moving particle taking a horizontal step with probability p and a vertical step with probability q, touches the line Y = n+μX for the first time, have been counted. The concept has been applied to obtain various probability distributions in independent and Markov dependent trials.
We discuss the weakly compact subsets of direct sum cones for the upper, lower and symmetric topologies and investigate the X-topologies of the weak upper, lower and sym-metric compact subsets of direct sum cones on product cones.
Authors:Mariusz Bodzioch, Mikhail Borsuk, and Sebastian Jankowski
In this paper we formulate and prove that there exists the first positive eigenvalue of the eigenvalue problem with oblique derivative for the Laplace-Beltrami operator on the unit sphere. The firrst eigenvalue plays a major role in studying the asymptotic behaviour of solutions of oblique derivative problems in cone-like domains. Our work is motivated by the fact that the precise solutions decreasing rate near the boundary conical point is dependent on the first eigenvalue.
Authors:Leila Nasiri, Andrei A. Shkalikov, and Mahmood Shakoori
In present paper, we give some new reverses of the Young type inequalities which were established by X. Hu and J. Xue  via Kantorovich constant. Then we apply these inequalities to establish corresponding inequalities for the Hilbert-Schmidt norm and the trace norm.
Let L(f, r) denote the length of the closed curve which is the image of |z| = r < 1 under the mapping w = f(z). We establish some sufficient conditions for L(f, r) to be bounded and for f(z) to in the classes of strongly close-to-convex function of order α and to be strongly Bazilevič function of type β of order α. Moreover, we prove an inequality connected with the Fejér-Riesz's inequality.
In this paper we obtain some new power and hölder type trace inequalities for positive operators in Hilbert spaces. As tools, we use some recent reverses and refinements of Young inequality obtained by several authors.
Let R be a commutative Noetherian ring, M a finitely generated R-module, I an ideal of R and N a submodule of M such that IM ⫅ N. In this paper, the primary decomposition and irreducible decomposition of ideal I × N in the idealization of module R ⋉ M are given. From theses we get the formula for associated primes of R ⋉ M and the index of irreducibility of 0R ⋉ M.