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Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Dilshad Mohammed
,
Victor Nagy
,
Márton Jagicza
,
Dávid Józsa
, and
Balázs Horváth

Abstract

The evolution of autonomous vehicles hinges significantly upon the advancements in driving assistance systems. Adaptive cruise control, a pivotal component of these systems, warrants continuous real-world examination to assess its operational efficiency. The study investigates these systems integrated into diverse commercial vehicles with a specific focus on the following distances they provide. The findings reveal that camera-based systems offer shorter following distances relative to ISO standards, while radar-based and combined camera and radar-based systems provide larger following distances. The study contributes to understand adaptive cruise control technology and its alignment with safety standards, thereby aiding in the on-going development of self-driving vehicles.

Open access

Abstract

Local soil conditions play a crucial role in shaping ground surface responses and impacting the intensity of ground shaking. In this study, the influence of different site profiles on computed ground motion was investigated using a 2D equivalent linear analysis approach. Four distinct site profiles: sand, clay, sand-clay-sand-clay, and clay-sand-clay-sand profiles were considered. The results were presented using multiple metrics, including surface acceleration, displacement, modulus decreasing ratio, and coherence analysis. Notably, the clay profile significantly influenced ground motion, while the sand profile exhibited relatively lower seismic activity. This suggests that softer sites significantly influence ground motion, leading to potentially high levels of shaking.

Open access

Abstract

The present investigation examined the impact of thermal cycling applied during the painting of sheet steels and the transfer period in the forming of W-temper heat treatment of high-strength aluminum alloy on springback. The U-draw bending test was conducted numerically and experimentally to examine the springback parameters. Pre-painted steel might be aged due to surface cycling during painting and it changes the mechanical characteristics. As a result, pre-painted steel becomes more susceptible to springback. It is also observed that springback is mostly reliant on the amount of transfer time between the W-temper forming of aluminum alloy. To sum up, the interplay among material characteristics, processing techniques, and forming conditions leads to the springback phenomena.

Open access

Abstract

Cylinder bore coatings are widely used in automotive internal combustion engines to replace cylinder liners. During the atmospheric plasma spraying process, the coatings are oxidized and controlled by the Si content of the steel powder used as the coating raw material. This phenomenon affects the technological process, the microstructure, and the properties of the formed coatings. The research aims to investigate how the Si content of two commercial grades of steel powder commonly used in industry affects the undesirable consequences observed in practice, such as clogging of powder nozzles or large variations in coating hardness. The analyses and industrial experiments show that increasing the Si content can contribute significantly to these undesirable phenomena.

Open access

Abstract

In the present study, a comparison has been conducted to investigate the efficiency of stitching using the near-surface mounted steel bars and externally bonded carbon fibers reinforced polymers technique for strengthening the T-deep beams having large opening within the shear spans and with deficient shear reinforcement. Eight specimens with two locations of openings were tested. It was found that stitching of beams by steel bars with openings located flush to the flange yielded improvement in capacity in range (10–39%). Furthermore, Stitching by external bonded carbon sheets yield enhancements in capacity was 96 and 78% for the top location compared to the control specimen and the vertical near-surface mounted stirrups system. The respective values for the bottom location were 62 and 42% respectively.

Restricted access

Abstract

How does architectural thinking make a difference in interior space? Is it just a formal difference? From two-dimensional decoration to three-dimensional space experience, this should be the biggest difference between the two. In simple terms, interior design pays more attention to decoration, while architectural design is basically functional design. If architectural thinking is applied to interior design, will it make the interior space more applicable, more scientific and more infinite? This paper combines a project of integrated architecture and interior design to interpret the infinite possibilities of architectural thinking in interior design. Several types and paradigms of architectural thinking in interior design are summarized.

Restricted access

Abstract

Mining industry once was a strong contributor to the economic development of cities and created economic benefits for human beings, but ecological problems are increasing day by day. This study takes the quarry in Nagykovacsi, Hungary as an example, and through comprehensive evaluation of the site, utilizes nature-based solutions to carry out the design practice of seeking new development vitality and opportunities for the brownfield site after mining. Finally, it summarizes the ecological remediation concepts and strategies suitable for mining brownfield sites, and contributes to the reuse of urban land space and the creation of a favourable ecological environment.

Open access

Abstract

Several biopolymer applications in geotechnical engineering have been adopted in recent years, notably dust control, soil strengthening, and erosion control. Although biopolymer soil treatment approaches can assure engineering efficiency while satisfying environmental protection standards, this technology requires more validation regarding site adaptability, durability, and economic feasibility. The influence of biopolymers on soil behavior is discussed within geotechnical engineering applications and practices, including soil consistency limits, strength and deformation parameters, hydraulic conductivity, soil-water properties, and erosion prevention.

Laboratory studies were performed to confirm the behavior of the treated soil, including Atterberg limits, proctor, and direct shear tests utilizing two types of biopolymers: guar gum and xanthan gum.

Open access
International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering
Authors:
Éva Bácsné Bába
,
György Norbert Szabados
,
Szabolcs Gergely Orbán
,
Zoltán Bács
,
Renátó Balogh
, and
Sándor Kovács

Abstract

Many sports organisations operate as non-profits, but the emphasis and role of for-profits in this sector cannot be avoided. Today, sports activities are connected to the business sector and generate profit, hence, sports sector is a decisive part of the economy. Sport profile companies differ in their organisational strategy formulation approach. The main focus was to learn more about their strategy approach and market behaviour. 350 sports business organisations were involved in a survey of 3,248 companies, and the Chi-square test, variance analysis, and principal component analysis were applied to the sample. Results showed that 75.7% of the responding sports companies had no written strategic plan. The availability of written strategies seemed to depend on the organisation's scale. The market-following behaviour was confirmed in the case of smaller sports enterprises. Fitness service providers appeared to follow a market-leading behaviour. Growth, investment, and development naturally emerged as essential factors for companies with higher sales revenue and operating sports facilities, and they were relatively less important in sports goods production and trade. Most of the results showed that in the sports business sector, large-scale organisations focus on strategic-related issues more than other players in the industry.

Open access

Abstract

One critical issue in the tracking systems based on photovoltaic (PV) is how to harvest highest power of the photovoltaic array; particularly when the system is operating in partially shaded conditions (PSCs) or varying irradiances. This study proposes particle swarm optimization (PSO) hybridization and cuckoo search algorithm (CSA) methods for maximum power point tracking (MPPT). The effectiveness of the proposed algorithm is validated and examined under various irradiance patterns. A comparison study in performance has been conducted between the proposed hybrid CSA-PSO method with the conventional P&O and PSO techniques. Several tests have been performed based on numerical simulations utilizing the programming software MATLAB/Simulink. The results demonstrated that the suggested hybrid technique yields smaller tracking time, higher power and greater efficiency than those of other traditional algorithms.

Open access