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Abstract

This paper analyzes the Janus Pannonius collections in Seville, Biblioteca Capitular y Colombina, Ms T (7-1-15) and Ms S (56-4-57), which have enriched our knowledge of Janus Pannonius' literary heritage. The study argues that Ms T and Ms S belong to the π tradition, which could explain the collections curated nearly or almost exclusively by Janus Pannonius in Hungary during the last years of his life. The paper contributes to a deeper understanding of Janus Pannonius and, thanks to the legacy of Seville, provides insights into the broader dynamics of humanist networks, manuscript transmission and book collecting during the Renaissance.

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Abstract

Ferenc Rákóczi II, Prince of Transylvania, the leader of the Hungarian war of independence against the Habsburgs between 1703 and 1711, was the first legend of Hungarian national independence at the turn of the century. In the early years of the 20th century, after decades of social and political struggle, the transportation of the prince's body from his original burial place in Constantinople to Hungary came within reach. Until that happened, his tomb was visited several times and for various purposes by Hungarian historians, politicians, religious leaders, and public figures – visits known as the Rákóczi pilgrimage. The most significant was the Rákóczi pilgrimage of 1903. It involved important rituals of cultic attitudes: visiting the tomb of a saint, participating in cultic ceremonies, and collecting relics. The event was one of the most important modern pilgrimages of the early 20th century, with historical roots dating back to the early modern period.

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Abstract

This paper aims at presenting the Wiki database of a current project and has a distinctly computational signature. It is a fitting complement to years of work in the study of linguistic variation, of non-classical forms of Latin, but also the infinite possibilities offered by this field of study in terms of historical linguistics and database implementation. In the specific case, we will use the metalinguistic term constructio as an example of the analytical potential offered by the WikiMedia of the SiRe project Parts of speech meet Rhetorics: Searching for syntax in the continuity between the Middle Ages and the Modern Age.

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Abstract

Microencapsulation of flaxseed oil (FO) has received lots of attention in the food and biopharmaceutical industries. To produce FO microcapsules, aqueous emulsions of FO with polymeric carbohydrates (maltodextrin (MD) with dextrose equivalent (DE) 19, gum Arabic (GA) and modified starch (MS)) were prepared by a rotor stator homogenization and subsequently, dehydration of emulsions were performed by spray drying (SD). The objective of this research was to study the effects of different combinations of polymeric carbohydrates with FO in emulsion to obtain maximum encapsulation efficiency (EE). A 3 factorials–3 levels Box–Behnken design was used for the optimization purpose. The maximum EE was achieved using 0.79 MD-GA ratio, 20.23% MS and 24.62% FO in emulsion. Microcapsules obtained by optimum condition had EE 77.68%, particle size (D 32) 120.0 ± 0.43 μm, moisture content1.6 ± 0.13%, wettability 192 ± 5.5 s, solubility 75.49 ± 1.3%, bulk density 0.31 ± 0.025 g mL−1, tapped density 0.36 ± 0.01 g mL−1, Carr's Index 13.88 ± 0.01% and Hausner Ratio 1.16 ± 0.01.

Open access

A posztoperatív pancreasfistula csökkentésére bevezetett innovációink

Our innovations for the reduction of postoperative pancreatic fistula output

Magyar Sebészet
Authors:
Dezső Kelemen
,
Ádám Varga
,
András Palkovics
,
Sándor Ferencz
, and
András Vereczkei

Bevezetés: A posztoperatív pancreasfistula mind proximalis, mind distalis pancreatectomia után a legjelentősebb sebészi szövődménynek számít. A szakirodalomban nincs egyértelműen ajánlott, megbízható módszer ezen probléma kiküszöbölésére, emiatt történnek újítások szerte a világon. Jelen közleményünkben a technikai innovációinkról számolunk be. Anyag és módszerek: 2013. január 1-jétől 2023. november 30-ig terjedő időszakban 205 Whipple-műtétet végeztünk nyitottan, mely során a pancreatojejunalis anastomosist az általunk módosított dohányzacskó-öltéses módszerrel készítettük el. 2019. január 1. és 2023. november 30. között pedig 30 betegnél történt nyitott distalis pancreatectomia, amikor a pancreascsonkot az általunk kifejlesztett technikával, szabad rectus fascia-peritoneum grafttal fedtük, majd azt cirkuláris öltéssel rögzítettük. Közleményünkben ezen két módszerrel elért eredményeket ismertetjük. Eredmények: a demográfiai adatok megfeleltek a betegségnél szokásosnak. A posztoperatív ápolási idő és a transzfúzió igény terén észlelt különbségek tükrözték a kétféle beavatkozás eltérő invazivitását. A releváns pancreasfistula kialakulási rátája kedvező képet mutatott, Whipple-műtét után 7,3% volt, míg distalis pancreatectomát követően nem fejlődött ki. A reoperációs és a halálozási arányok megfeleltek az elvártaknak és korreláltak a műtétek kiterjedtségével. Következtetés: pancreas resectiók utáni komplikációk csökkentésére tett törekvéseink során a módosított dohányzacskó-öltéses pancreatojejunostomia és a pancreascsonk fedésére kidolgozott módszerünk egyaránt kedvező eredményekkel járt.

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Abstract

During the 2010s, technological development created the opportunity to hold online hearings, when the parties are physically distant from each other, when their personal appearance would entail significant threat to them, or when external circumstances would impose additional barriers for interested stakeholders to appear in the courtroom. As a consequence, amongst others, the Belgian Constitutional Court heard a case concerning the constitutionality of such trials, and rejected this new form of judicial operation due to numerous constitutional concerns. Nevertheless, the context of such controversies changed significantly during the pandemic, and in the light of the public health risks several judicial bodies decided to continue most of their operations through digital means. As a result, the holding of numerous online trials was ordered. Obviously, losing parties often submitted remedies against the incorporation of these platforms into judicial work by claiming the violation of their right to fair trial. For instance, the French Constitutional Council, the Spanish Constitutional Tribunal, as well as the Supreme Courts of Austria, Norway, Costa Rica and India assessed the constitutionality of these trials during the public health emergency, and in most of the cases, the application of online hearings was upheld. Bearing in mind this tendency in the relevant case law, one should argue that the rapidly evolving technological landscape requires the reconsideration of our attitudes towards online hearings: it should be clarified which grounds are acceptable justifications for ordering online trials during ordinary periods, and how the analysis is affected by unforeseen extra-ordinary circumstances. Online, or partly online proceedings may provide greater flexibility for both the court and the parties, and could also support the efficiency of judicial work, however, the main fair trial safeguards should be maintained. Our contribution will conceptualize this issue, and will provide a deeper understanding of the constitutional implications of remote trials.

Open access

Abstract

The present study aims to determine the role of the Hungarian language in European polyglot dictionaries in the 16th and 17th centuries and thus to establish its position within the group of European languages. The study is based on earlier findings by Gabriele Stein (1989) concerning the role of English in 16th-century multilingual wordlists, and it addresses two questions: 1) How often was the Hungarian language included in polyglots compared to other European languages? 2) Did Hungarian hold a similar position to other vernaculars in the dictionaries considered?

It was examined which languages were included in the polyglots published during the period under discussion and how many times each vernacular appeared in a dictionary. Moreover, the contents of selected dictionaries were analysed. Results indicate that Hungarian played an important, though not key role in European polyglot dictionaries of the 16th and 17th centuries and that its position among other European languages was not marginal at the time.

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Abstract

The emergence and fast proliferation of chatbot solutions have reshaped how we interact with customer services, professionals and organizations providing advisory services. Law firms and legal professionals have also been affected by chatbots, which have become an integral part of the legal market. They are used for training, discovery, legal research and various other tasks by multinational law firms and sole practitioners alike.

Besides their benefits, however, chatbot solutions also face a number of limitations and their use could raise both legal and ethical concerns. Unsupervised use of such solutions can lead to serious professional responsibility issues, while their use in certain cases, such as in cases involving acting as a defense counsel or advising on sensitive matters, can also raise ethical concerns, or endanger the trust in lawyers built by generations of legal professionals. The processing of certain data or confidential information can further raise privacy or confidentiality issues, especially with respect to the need for artificial intelligence (AI) based solutions to constantly rely on huge datasets.

Bearing the above in mind, the regulation of chatbots in the legal market is certainly a complex topic with many challenges. In this paper, I provide an overview of the use of chatbots in the legal market, summarize the main concerns regarding their use (especially including professional liability, privacy and ethical concerns) and also highlight the main challenges concerning AI and chatbot regulation and the potential approaches regulators could follow to prevent or minimize risks associated with the unlawful or unethical use of technology and disperse unnecessary fears by also supporting technological development and by preserving the positive effects of the use of chatbots in the legal market.

Open access