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Abstract

In this study, we aimed to determine the quality of colostrum in sheep by using Brix refractometer. The research included 100 sheep of Merino X Kivircik crossbred. From each, we collected 15 mL of colostrum samples in falcon tubes within the first 8 h after delivery. Mean colostral IgG level of sheep was 156.68 ± 7.23 g L−1, optical and digital Brix refractometer values (%) were determined as 27.43 ± 0.53 and 27.69 ± 0.60, respectively. Ewes carrying twin lambs produced significantly higher quality colostrum than those carrying single lambs. However, parity did not affect the colostrum quality. Optical and digital Brix values were correlated with gold standard radial immunodiffusion (RID) colostral IgG level (r = 0.70 and r = 0.64, respectively). Also, optical and digital Brix refractometers were found to be highly correlated (r = 0.98, P < 0.001). While the optimal Brix value was 22% for the 50, 60 and 70 g L−1 IgG threshold values (by means of RID as the potential good quality threshold value for ewe colostrum quality), this value was 23% for 80 g L−1. We can conclude that Brix refractometers is a valuable tool for determining ewe colostrum quality. A cut point of 22% Brix for defining good quality colostrum in ewes was most appropriate for our data.

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Abstract

We have seen the tremendous development of new technologies, especially in the field of electronic communications. As they are present in our daily lives, it is expected that the new technical possibilities will be used in the courts.

In Poland, the digital transformation of civil procedure began with the implementation of electronic writ proceedings. Among the electronic tools which support the trials, there is a possibility of hearing the parties and witnesses using videoconferencing, and the Electronic Case Management System, which allows authorized entities to get access to the information on the pending case.

The procedural rules are fluctuating and depend on the changes taking place in the economic and social structure. It can be assumed that as circumstances change, the rules may, and even should, be reinterpreted, and the legislator should strive to change the procedural provisions so that they will be consistent with the objectives and guidelines resulting from the procedural principles.

The analysis of the issues related to the digitization of civil cases, as an issue of paramount importance, allows us to assume that digitization does not entail modifying the model and its basic principles. The digital transformation of the civil trial emerges within the framework resulting from the provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure, as none of the procedural principles is violated. It can even be assumed that digitalisation allows for a more complete implementation of procedural principles.

In fact, this can also be an argument in favour of introducing modern technological tools to procedural regulations.

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Egy szokatlan hátterű vékonybél ileus

Small bowel obstruction with an unusual background

Magyar Sebészet
Authors:
Kinga Máté
,
Vijayaraj Rosario Susai
, and
Pál Nagy

Bevezetés

Kompressziós vékonybél ileus esetét ismertetjük, amelyet a bélfodor nem gyakori, inflammatorikus természetű betegsége, mesenterialis panniculitis idézett elő. A magyar szakirodalomban ilyen közléssel nem találkoztunk.

Esetismertetés

A 91 éves férfi akut hasi panaszokkal került kórházba. A vizsgálatokkal vékonybél ileus derült ki. Ennek hátterében műtétkor malignitásra gyanús, bélfodri multinodularis elváltozást fedtünk föl. A biopsziából mesenterialis panniculitist diagnosztizáltunk. A ritka, több nyitott kérdéssel terhelt entitást mutatjuk be az irodalom és a saját észleleteink tükrében.

Következtetések

Számos differenciáldiagnosztikai eshetőség figyelembevételével a kórkép szövettanilag igazolható. A diagnózis felállítása után a további teendőket az egyéb leletek és az adott klinikai kontextus gondos elemzése fogja meghatározni.

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Abstract

This paper analyzes the Janus Pannonius collections in Seville, Biblioteca Capitular y Colombina, Ms T (7-1-15) and Ms S (56-4-57), which have enriched our knowledge of Janus Pannonius' literary heritage. The study argues that Ms T and Ms S belong to the π tradition, which could explain the collections curated nearly or almost exclusively by Janus Pannonius in Hungary during the last years of his life. The paper contributes to a deeper understanding of Janus Pannonius and, thanks to the legacy of Seville, provides insights into the broader dynamics of humanist networks, manuscript transmission and book collecting during the Renaissance.

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Abstract

Ferenc Rákóczi II, Prince of Transylvania, the leader of the Hungarian war of independence against the Habsburgs between 1703 and 1711, was the first legend of Hungarian national independence at the turn of the century. In the early years of the 20th century, after decades of social and political struggle, the transportation of the prince's body from his original burial place in Constantinople to Hungary came within reach. Until that happened, his tomb was visited several times and for various purposes by Hungarian historians, politicians, religious leaders, and public figures – visits known as the Rákóczi pilgrimage. The most significant was the Rákóczi pilgrimage of 1903. It involved important rituals of cultic attitudes: visiting the tomb of a saint, participating in cultic ceremonies, and collecting relics. The event was one of the most important modern pilgrimages of the early 20th century, with historical roots dating back to the early modern period.

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Abstract

This paper aims at presenting the Wiki database of a current project and has a distinctly computational signature. It is a fitting complement to years of work in the study of linguistic variation, of non-classical forms of Latin, but also the infinite possibilities offered by this field of study in terms of historical linguistics and database implementation. In the specific case, we will use the metalinguistic term constructio as an example of the analytical potential offered by the WikiMedia of the SiRe project Parts of speech meet Rhetorics: Searching for syntax in the continuity between the Middle Ages and the Modern Age.

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Abstract

Microencapsulation of flaxseed oil (FO) has received lots of attention in the food and biopharmaceutical industries. To produce FO microcapsules, aqueous emulsions of FO with polymeric carbohydrates (maltodextrin (MD) with dextrose equivalent (DE) 19, gum Arabic (GA) and modified starch (MS)) were prepared by a rotor stator homogenization and subsequently, dehydration of emulsions were performed by spray drying (SD). The objective of this research was to study the effects of different combinations of polymeric carbohydrates with FO in emulsion to obtain maximum encapsulation efficiency (EE). A 3 factorials–3 levels Box–Behnken design was used for the optimization purpose. The maximum EE was achieved using 0.79 MD-GA ratio, 20.23% MS and 24.62% FO in emulsion. Microcapsules obtained by optimum condition had EE 77.68%, particle size (D 32) 120.0 ± 0.43 μm, moisture content1.6 ± 0.13%, wettability 192 ± 5.5 s, solubility 75.49 ± 1.3%, bulk density 0.31 ± 0.025 g mL−1, tapped density 0.36 ± 0.01 g mL−1, Carr's Index 13.88 ± 0.01% and Hausner Ratio 1.16 ± 0.01.

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