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We extend the construction of Y-type invariants to null-homologous knots in rational homology three-spheres. By considering m-fold cyclic branched covers with m a prime power, this extension provides new knot concordance invariants YmC(K) of knots in S3. We give computations of some of these invariants for alternating knots and reprove independence results in the smooth concordance group.

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We prove a theorem on the preservation of inequalities between functions of a special form after differentiation on an ellipse. In particular, we obtain generalizations of the Duffin–Schaeffer inequality and the Vidensky inequality for the first and second derivatives of algebraic polynomials to an ellipse.

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In this paper we work out a Riemann–von Mangoldt type formula for the summatory function ψx:= gG,gxΛGg, where G is an arithmetical semigroup (a Beurling generalized system of integers) and ΛG is the corresponding von Mangoldt function attaining logp for g =pk with a prime element pG and zero otherwise. On the way towards this formula, we prove explicit estimates on the Beurling zeta function ζG , belonging to G, to the number of zeroes of ζG in various regions, in particular within the critical strip where the analytic continuation exists, and to the magnitude of the logarithmic derivative of ζG, under the sole additional assumption that Knopfmacher’s Axiom A is satisfied. We also construct a technically useful broken line contour to which the technic of integral transformation can be well applied. The whole work serves as a first step towards a further study of the distribution of zeros of the Beurling zeta function, providing appropriate zero density and zero clustering estimates, to be presented in the continuation of this paper.

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A congruence is defined for a matroid. This leads to suitable versions of the algebraic isomorphism theorems for matroids. As an application of the congruence theory for matroids, a version of Birkhoff’s Theorem for matroids is given which shows that every nontrivial matroid is a subdirect product of subdirectly irreducible matroids.

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Let (M, [g]) be a Weyl manifold and TM be its tangent bundle equipped with Riemannian g−natural metrics which are linear combinations of Sasaki, horizontal and vertical lifts of the base metric with constant coefficients. The aim of this paper is to construct a Weyl structure on TM and to show that TM cannot be Einstein-Weyl even if (M, g) is fiat.

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We give all functions ƒ , E: ℕ → ℂ which satisfy the relation

ƒ(a2+b2+c2+h) =E(a) +E(b) +E(c) +K

for every a, b, c ∈ ℕ, where h ≥ 0 is an integers and K is a complex number. If n cannot be written as a2 + b2 + c2 + h for suitable a, b, c ∈ ℕ, then ƒ (n) is not determined. This is more complicated if we assume that ƒ and E are multiplicative functions.

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In this article, we study a fractional control problem that models the maximization of the profit obtained by exploiting a certain resource whose dynamics are governed by the fractional logistic equation. Due to the singularity of this problem, we develop different resolution techniques, both for the classical case and for the fractional case. We perform several numerical simulations to make a comparison between both cases.

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The main aim of this paper is to prove that the nonnegativity of the Riesz’s logarithmic kernels with respect to the Walsh– Kaczmarz system fails to hold.

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In stochastic geometry there are several instances of threshold phenomena in high dimensions: the behavior of a limit of some expectation changes abruptly when some parameter passes through a critical value. This note continues the investigation of the expected face numbers of polyhedral random cones, when the dimension of the ambient space increases to infinity. In the focus are the critical values of the observed threshold phenomena, as well as threshold phenomena for differences instead of quotients.

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Binary groups are a meaningful step up from non-associative rings and nearrings. It makes sense to study them in terms of their nearrings of zero-fixing polynomial maps. As this involves algebras of a more specialized nature these are looked into in sections three and four. One of the main theorems of this paper occurs in section five where it is shown that a binary group V is a P0(V) ring module if, and only if, it is a rather restricted form of non-associative ring. Properties of these non-associative rings (called terminal rings) are investigated in sections six and seven. The finite case is of special interest since here terminal rings of odd order really are quite restricted. Sections eight to thirteen are taken up with the study of terminal rings of order pn (p an odd prime and n ≥ 1 an integer ≤ 7).

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