Two different tire configurations consisting of a dual tire and a super single wide tire having different range and distribution of contact pressures have been analyzed. Along with the effect of speed on development of pavement damage at speeds of 5, 50 and 80 km h−1 under zero and uniform wander modes. Results show that at super slow speeds of 5 km h−1, at dual wheel moving at zero wander mode, decrease in fatigue life of the pavement is 3.5 years, which is 1.45 times more than the dual wheel moving at uniform wander and 3.4 times more than wide tire moving at uniform wander mode. The difference between fatigue damage at different lateral wander modes is prominent at speeds greater than 50 km h−1. A wide tire performs better than the dual wheel under zero wander configurations.
The design of supported embankments on soft soil is a common challenge for civil engineers. This article aims to evaluate the performance of three advanced constitutive models for predicting the behavior of soft soils, i.e., hardening soil, hardening soil model with small-strain stiffness, and soft soil creep. A case study of a rigid inclusion-supported embankment is used for this purpose. Plaxis 3D program was adopted to predict the settlements in subsoil layers and vertical stresses in the load transfer platform. Comparison between field measurements and result of Plaxis 3D modeling was performed. Results demonstrate that soft soil creep model yields predictions in a good agreement with the field measurements, while hardening soil small strain model gives slightly worst predictions.
Authors:Xue Kang, Gabriella Medvegy, and Yufang Zhou
Wind generation is regarded by many as the future of renewable energy source, but the difficulty of recycling end-of-life wind turbine components could create another kind of environmental pollution. Either landfill or incineration of end-of-life wind turbine components will cause environmental hazards. However, the current recycling technology is immature and economical. Make clean energy ‘cleaner’! The recycling of end-of-life wind turbine rotor hub and blades has become a new goal and task for architects and designers. This article uses a real project reconstructed by end-of-life wind turbine components to demonstrate the positive role of spatial narrative in achieving low-carbon and sustainable design.
The floodplains of the Tisza River, stretching across the eastern part of Hungary, are often affected by riverine and inland excess water flooding and draught. This paper investigates a possible solution to this problem utilizing the water retention capabilities of old floodplains. In this study, the effect of the position of the inlet structures of a floodplain, near Csongrád town, was examined with HEC-RAS 1D-2D coupled model. Based on the results, the rules of the deep floodplain selection were determined. On the extended model, the possibilities of a deep floodplain storage area chain have been explored. According to the estimate, more than 2.36 km3 potential storage capacity is available along the Hungarian section of the Tisza River.
Authors:Ons Ben Dhaou, Norbert Vasváry-Nádor, and Anthony Gall
In order to develop and enhance the quality of life in Tunisian urban spaces, the integration of street furniture became a new challenge for urban designers to use new methods and techniques to combine functionality and aesthetics into their design. The main objective of this paper is to focus on the analysis of the street furniture user’s needs in urban spaces to understand and discuss the requirements that should be considered while designing.
Nature-based solutions use a holistic viewpoint to address social challenges while providing environmental, social and economic benefits simultaneously. The Victoria Quay is a historical space with complex social and environmental issues. This study uses an investigation-oriented method to explore the re-planning strategies. The environmental problems are addressed by extending the green infrastructure into the site to recover the ecological corridor and alleviate flooding risks. The originally single land-use type is changed, and several historical buildings are transformed into landmarks to improve the connection with city center by linking the ‘golden route’. All the proposed measures tried to reactivate the various relationships rather than merely renew the Victoria Quay.
Authors:Liang Zixin, Géza Várady, and Márk Balázs Zagorácz
Based on the theory of space syntax, this research conducts a quantitative study on the four stages of Zhanjiang urban spatial organization system, and draws the urban evolution process. This study found that the development strategy of different periods has a huge impact on the urban development. It determines the structural basis of the original urban space and creates strong development inertia. According to these research results, it can provide an effective theoretical reference for the future spatial expansion of the city.
Authors:Liang Zixin, Géza Várady, and Márk Balázs Zagorácz
With the rapid development of China’s urbanization, a large number of people have moved from rural to urban areas. People have proposed higher and more urgent needs for the urban environment. Particularly, the urban street landscape is close to people’s lives, and the upgrading of design methods can improve the quality of life. Besides, the application of artificial intelligence design has become possible as information technology develops. In this paper, a visual simulator is established through algorithm models and applied to street landscape design.
Authors:Mohammad Alzghoul, Sebastian Cabezas, and Attila Szilágyi
The aim is to derive an expression to calculate the natural frequencies and plot the mode shapes of a simply-supported beam with an overhang with an end overhang point mass by using the Euler-Bernoulli theory in the case of free transverse vibrations. The results are validated by finite element analysis. The importance of the system presented is that it can represent machine tool spindles or even machining tools like boring bars. The results are in good agreement with the results from the finite element analyses. The derived expression can be used in optimizing the value of the point mass and optimizing the support location for better performance of the system without the need to perform complex analysis to obtain the values of the natural frequencies and to plot the mode shapes.
In this research work existing laboratory tests of slim floor beams with solid monolithic concrete slab were modeled and analyzed using GID and Atena software. After validating the advanced finite element model with the test results of the international literature, structural parameters were analyzed with the aim to study their influence on the load bearing and deformation capacity of the beams. The parameters were related to the geometric of the beam: size of web openings and top concrete cover. With these results conclusion can be noticed that focusing on the optimal arrangement of the geometrical parameters of the composite beam could lead to better structural behavior with more economical solutions.