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Abstract

The predictive maintenance of permeant magnet synchronous motor is highly required as this kind of motor has been commonly employed in electric vehicles, industrial systems, and other applications owing to its high power density output, as well as the regenerative operation characteristics during braking and deceleration driving conditions. One of the most important causes of PMSM failure is the stator short and drive switches failure. These problems have attracted more attention in the field of deep learning for fault detection purposes in the early stages, to avoid any system breakdown, and to decrease the risk and price of maintenance. In this paper, we investigate the possibility of detecting the electrical faults in PMSM by generating our data which includes current signals that have been analyzed and preprocessed by applying Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) to select the reliable features this conversion will be used to train ResNet 50. The evaluation metrics have shown that ResNet 50 achieves an accuracy of 100% for the classification of faults.

Open access
Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Peter Ivanyi
,
Amalia Ivanyi
,
Aarne Jutila
,
Jenő Balogh
,
Barry H. V. Topping
, and
Gabriella Medvegy
Open access

Abstract

The integration of Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) into our modern society hinges on gaining widespread acceptance from potential road users. To indicate the preparedness of these road users and elucidate their perspectives regarding the use of AVs in future, it is imperative to conduct surveys gauging public acceptance and satisfaction with this emerging mode of transportation. This paper reports the results of a comprehensive questionnaire study involving 1,000 individuals in Gyor City. The survey's primary objective was to assess participants' attitudes and willingness to embrace autonomous vehicles within the city's road networks. The study delved into various socio-demographic factors, such as age, gender, and employment status, while also exploring participants' prior knowledge and opinions regarding the advantages and limitations of AVs. The findings reveal a generally favorable disposition among the public toward the inclusion of AVs in urban traffic, paving the way for the acceptance of mixed traffic patterns. Notably, respondents in younger age groups exhibit greater enthusiasm for incorporating AVs into their daily transportation, whereas individuals aged 65 and above express more reservations, displaying a conservative outlook. Furthermore, participants with prior knowledge and a deeper understanding of AVs exhibit a markedly more positive inclination toward this emerging technology compared to those lacking such familiarity.

Open access

Linear and Centralised Net Vaults

Geometry-Based Building Archaeology Presented on the Net Vaults of the Fortified Church of Mediaş

Lineáris és centralizáló hálóboltozatok

Geometria alapú épületkutatás a medgyesi erődtemplom hálóboltozatainak példáján bemutatva
Építés - Építészettudomány
Author:
Eszter Jobbik

This article presents an objective, point-cloud-based geometric description of the nave, apse, and sacristy vaults in the fortified church of Mediaş (RO; Medgyes, Mediasch). The description includes the global geometry of the rib systems and the connections between the webs and ribs in each vault. Based on these, we classify these structures into the geometry-based typologies for the global geometry of the rib system and the rib-web connections we established based on our previous works. Additionally, based on the vaults of Mediaş, two rib-system subtypes have been defined: centralising and linear vaults. The relationship between these subtypes and the concept of cylindric and spheric vaults, as well as their connection to the ‘pattern’ of the net vaults is discussed. Based on the geometric descriptions, we also discuss the possible building strategies and techniques of these vaults and consider the periodisation of the building.

Open access

Abstract

Design and testing of real materials is a costly process and usually requires some specific equipment. To alleviate this task numerical methods can be leveraged. In this work we show possible modelling technique for closed-cell material structure using Weaire–Phelan unit cells. As an example existing aluminum structures were used and modelled parametrically, allowing to establish different geometrical models for different applications. Numerical simulations for compression was also done on the developed models to reveal the material response. The influence on the cell wall thickness and the friction between the material and the compression plate was investigated. It was found that the friction coefficient has no significant effect on the material response, except in the case where bonded connection was assumed. It was also demonstrated that material response and the porosity controlled by cell wall thickness have an approximately linear relationship with each other. This method proved to be a flexible and alternative solution of real laboratory tests and targeted to reduce costs of material design.

Open access

Típus-lakóépületek Magyarországon

Standardised Residential Buildings in Hungary

Építés - Építészettudomány
Author:
Réka Mándoki

Az elmúlt ötven év során sok iparágban, például a ruha- és a bútoriparban, az egyedileg tervezett és gyártott, kisszériás áruk helyét egyre inkább a sorozatgyártott tömegtermékek vették át a fejlett országokban. Mivel a sorozatgyártás lehetőséget biztosít a termékek optimalizálására, azok sok esetben olcsóbbak és kiszámíthatóbb minőségűek lehetnek, mint az egyedi termékek. Ez pedig egy megfelelően széles választék fenntartása mellett kifejezetten vonzó a vásárlók többsége számára.

Bár az építőipar más iparágakhoz képest lassan fejlődik, az épületelemek előregyártása egyre jellemzőbbé válik Európában a szakképzett munkaerő hiánya és a helyszíni kivitelezés kockázatai miatt. Egyelőre ugyan a legtöbb épület még egyedi tervek alapján születik, de az előregyártás terjedésével, a nagy fejlesztő cégek térnyerésével és a lakáspiac drágulásával kérdéses, hogy a lakóépületek meddig lesznek képesek megőrizni az egyediségüket vagy egy hasonló folyamatnak leszünk hamarosan a szemtanúi, mint ami a ruha- és a bútoriparban lejátszódott.

Mivel az épített környezettől elvárt egyediség összefügg az ember megélt tapasztalataival, a felvázolt jelenség apropóján a jelen cikk azt vizsgálja, hogy Magyarországon milyen motivációk álltak a formai szempontból egynemű lakókörnyezetek létrejöttének hátterében. A példák felsorolása mellett a cikk felvázol egy keretrendszert, amin belül értelmezhetővé válnak azok a társadalmi folyamatok, amik megmagyarázzák, hogy miért és miként építünk típusépületeket. A javasolt rendszerezés szempontként vonja be a típusépületek elemzésébe, hogy ezek az épületek fentről lefelé vagy alulról felfelé építkező folyamat eredményei-e, elterjedésük projektspecifikus-e, és hogy maguk az épületelemek szabványosítottak-e.

A jelen cikk a körülöttünk lezajló folyamatok értelmezésén felül egyfelől bemutat példákat arra, amikor a típusépületek használatával harmonikus épített környezet jön létre, másfelől pedig bemutatja azt is, hogy milyen okok állhatnak amögött, amikor a típusépületek nem válnak be. Mindez segíthet abban, hogy elkerüljük a jövőben az olyan épületek sorozatgyártását, amelyek borítékolhatóan nem lesznek képesek hosszú távon is megőrizni társadalmi elfogadottságukat.

Open access

Abstract

Springs are the most basic mechanical elements used in transmission mechanisms. The rapid development of the computer and cellular industry has encouraged spring manufacturers to develop the industry to produce very small springs. Most computer-aided design programs for mechanical parts provide the possibility of designing these parts, as these programs include different types of decisions. All these decisions require coordinates for geometric data as well as metadata. The paper aims to develop software programs to design and analyze springs as one of the most significant mechanical elements used. This paper aims to develop a design software of a helical spring system, where this software is built using a computer program in the language of Visual Basic Version 5. When the user enters data into the system, the system will perform a series of complex calculations in the system, then provide a detailed report on all the engineering dimensions of the spring, and test its efficiency. The output of the software shows the required spring wire parameters. The software was tested with test data from the open literature, and the required wire spring parameters were obtained.

Open access

Effect of Bonding Type on the Failure of Reinforced Concrete Beam Strengthened with In-Situ High Performance Fibre Reinforced Concrete Layer

A kapcsolat típusának hatása helyszínen öntött szálerősítésű, nagyszilárdságú betonhabarccsal megerősített vasbeton gerenda tönkremeneteli módjára

Építés - Építészettudomány
Authors:
Cecília Nemessányi
and
Anikó Pluzsik

High performance fibre reinforced concrete (HPFRC) materials with tensile hardening behaviour can effectively be used for strengthening reinforced concrete beams. A perfect bond between the original and the reinforcing layer cannot be formed, the load-bearing capacity and ductility of the strengthened beam can significantly be affected by the interfacial bond strength between the contacting surfaces. In this paper, beam retrofitting with cast in-situ strengthening type is examined. The purpose of this experimental study is to investigate the impact of the different bond types on the load-bearing capacity, ductility, and failure mode of the strengthened beams in the case of cast in-situ strengthening. Twenty-four beam tests were performed with untreated and rough surfaced beams, with or without connecting elements. The effect of the bond type proved to be significant regarding the failure mode in the case of compression side strengthening, stronger bond resulted in higher load bearing capacity and ductility, too. When tensile side reinforcement was investigated no average increment was experienced in the maximal force and ductility due to the stronger bond. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the generally applied analytical models that assume perfect connection may lead to exaggerated results in the case of a compressed side HPC-strengthened beam. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a model that considers the effect of the imperfect bond.

Open access

Abstract

Numerous studies have proven that digital development positively affects economic growth. This study aims to confirm or refute the positive impact of digital evolution on economic growth by applying the dimensions of the International Digital Economy and Society Index (I-DESI). The analysis refers to the period 2015–2020 of the European Union member states. The study's novelty is that the I-DESI index has yet to be used in research to investigate the relationship between the digital transition and GDP production. The present study, therefore, goes one step further than the previous typical DESI-GDP models. The research uses Pearson correlation and F-statistic analysis to show the relationship between the variables. The study confirms that digital development has positively impacted the economic growth of EU member states. This result was confirmed by both Pearson and Spearman correlation. However, the results are ambivalent. The empirical results indicate that the more digitally developed member countries had a higher GDP per capita. However, the positive effect is different. The results confirm that the development of digitalization and GDP increased more dynamically in the more digitally developed EU member states than in the less developed member states. Therefore, an increase in the backwardness of the less developed member countries and not a catch-up can be observed in the period under review.

Open access