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Abstract

In the research projects and industrial projects severe optimization problems can be met, where the number of variables is high, there are a lot of constraints, and they are highly nonlinear and mostly discrete issues, where the running time can be calculated sometimes in weeks with the usual optimization methods on an average computer. In most cases in the logistics industry, the most robust constraint is the time. The optimizations are running on a typical office configuration, and the company accepts the suboptimal solution what the optimization method gives within the appropriate time limit. That is, why adaptivity is needed. The adaptivity of the optimization technique includes parameters of fine-tuning. On this way, the most sensitive setting can be found. In this article, some additional adaptive methods for logistic problems have been investigated to increase the effectivity, improve the solution in a strict time condition.

Open access

Abstract

Pesticides as one of the micro-pollutants present a great problem and threat to the environment and human health. They can infiltrate the sources of drinking water by application on the agricultural fields. This article is focused on Atrazine, Terbuthylazine and their metabolites. It is their complex structure that makes them hard to degrade naturally and, thus, water needs to be treated before safe using. Therefore, this article studies adsorption on the two granular activated carbons Filtrasorb 400 and Norit 1240 W. For the determination of the concentration liquid chromatography was used. In this article it is presented that Filtrasorb 400 efficiency (26–40% and 33–45% for atrazine and terbuthylazine respectively) is better than the efficiency of Norit 1240 W (9–27% and 10–24% for atrazine and terbuthylazine respectively).

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Pollack Periodica
Authors: Hasnae Boubel, Oumnia Elmrabet, Elmehdi Echebba, and Mohamed Rougui

Abstract

This study is concerned to the investigation of the stability of bridges by taking into account the soil structure interaction and their impact on the dynamic behavior of the structures. The bridge studied is localized at PK 318 + 750 at the national level, between the city of Al Hoceima and Kasseta (Morocco). The analyses are carried out with the ANSYS code demonstrated that for conditions of support, the distribution of displacements and the fundamental frequency for each type of soil change according to its mechanical properties. This work also indicates that the proximity of the fundamental frequencies of the soil structure and strongly influences the soil-structure interaction.

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Pollack Periodica
Authors: Martin Vavruš, Peter Koteš, František Bahleda, and Jozef Jošt

Abstract

Concrete structures that are influenced by degradation, overloading, the thawing, and freezing cycles, corrosion of reinforced bars, should be repaired or strengthened. Each of the mentioned influences lead to decreased load-carrying capacity of the structure or its member. Exceeding the load-carrying capacity leads to mechanical damage of members or excessive deformation. The damaged member has to be strengthened to the required level of reliability and load-carrying capacity. There exist many types and methods of strengthening the columns. This research work deals with strengthening of columns by concreting a new layer of fiber concrete. When applying that type of strengthening, it is necessary to assure the contact between the old layer and the new one. The paper deals with analysis of different types of contacts and determination of their parametric values.

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Pollack Periodica
Authors: Stepan Shapoval, Nadiia Spodyniuk, Vasyl Zhelykh, Volodymyr Shepitchak, and Pavlo Shapoval

Abstract

In line with the energy development strategy of Europe, it is necessary to implement energy efficient buildings, in which the external enclosures are converters of solar energy to thermal. Therefore, the purpose of the publication was the scientific substantiation and development of the solar heating system with the use of rooftop solar panels. Graphical and analytical dependences of the coefficient of thermal efficiency of the solar panel in heat supply system from the angles of solar radiation incoming and the density of the radiation flux were obtained. Analysis of the results showed that the coefficient of thermal efficiency of the solar panel without transparent coating with the placement of pipelines of the circulation circuit of the coolant over the heat absorber increases by 50%.

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Abstract

Safety valves are the most important safety devices of the pressure system. For safety valves in the vast majority of cases in industrial environment, direct spring-loaded safety valves are used. The most important parameter of the equation of motion is the flow force. The main goal of the analysis was to compare the simulated flow forces with the measured results and validating the computational fluid dynamics model. Simulations were made in ANSYS 2019 R1 code for numerous fixed valve disk positions on different pressures. Results are in good agreement with the measured data.

Open access

Abstract

Concrete indeterminate flexural members represented by continuous beams reinforced with both fiber-reinforced polymers and steel bars in a way that allows for moment redistribution at failure are analyzed. The efficiency of introducing steel bars in the critical sections where plastic hinges are likely to form is evaluated in terms of reliability. Monte Carlo simulation and the concept of comparative reliability are both employed. Ultimately, the effect of different design parameters on the strength reduction factor is evaluated.

Open access

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to introduce the visual elements that may influence the lighting quality, and link them with the functioning of drug addiction institutes to understand the adequate design for each function and assure the well-being of the patient, therefore reduce their stress. The suggested strategy accords the qualitative and quantitative lighting design conditions to afford a complete reference for the forward study.

Open access

Abstract

With the continuous development of society and cities, people’s demand for urban public space is constantly changing, and the methods for public space renewal are becoming more and more diverse. As a flexible space renewal strategy, street art activities can not only partially update the space, increase the vitality of the space, but also improve the quality of the space and meet people’s needs. This paper first discusses the concepts and types of street art and clarifies the scope of research, Then, through the analysis of the role and impact of “street art activities intervening in urban space”, and finally summing up the relevant enlightenment, to create a favorable material environment for the future art intervention space.

Open access