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Abstract

For each even classical pretzel knot P(2k 1 + 1, 2k 2 + 1, 2k 3), we determine the character variety of irreducible SL (2, ℂ)-representations, and clarify the steps of computing its A-polynomial.

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We present a technique to construct Cohen–Macaulay graphs from a given graph; if this graph fulfills certain conditions. As a consequence, we characterize Cohen–Macaulay paths.

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We prove that, for any cofinally Polish space X, every locally finite family of non-empty open subsets of X is countable. It is also established that Lindelöf domain representable spaces are cofinally Polish and domain representability coincides with subcompactness in the class of σ-compact spaces. It turns out that, for a topological group G whose space has the Lindelöf Σ-property, the space G is domain representable if and only if it is Čech-complete. Our results solve several published open questions.

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Let N be a positive integer, A be a subset of ℚ and α=α1α2A\{0,N}. N is called an α-Korselt number (equivalently α is said an N-Korselt base) if α 2 pα 1 divides α 2 Nα 1 for every prime divisor p of N. By the Korselt set of N over A, we mean the set AKS(N) of all αA\{0,N} such that N is an α-Korselt number.

In this paper we determine explicitly for a given prime number q and an integer l ∈ ℕ \{0, 1}, the set A-KS(ql) and we establish some connections between the ql -Korselt bases in ℚ and others in ℤ. The case of A=[1,1[ is studied where we prove that ([1,1[)-KS(ql) is empty if and only if l = 2.

Moreover, we show that each nonzero rational α is an N-Korselt base for infinitely many numbers N = ql where q is a prime number and l ∈ ℕ.

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Sufficient conditions on associated parameters p, b and c are obtained so that the generalized and “normalized” Bessel function up(z) = up,b,c(z) satisfies the inequalities ∣(1 + (zup(z)/up(z)))2 − 1∣ < 1 or ∣((zu p(z))′/up(z))2 − 1∣ < 1. We also determine the condition on these parameters so that (4(p+(b+1)/2)/c)up'(x)1+z. Relations between the parameters μ and p are obtained such that the normalized Lommel function of first kind hμ,p(z) satisfies the subordination 1+(zhμ,p''(z)/hμ,q'(z))1+z. Moreover, the properties of Alexander transform of the function hμ,p(z) are discussed.

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In this paper, we obtain necessary as well as sufficient conditions for exponential rate of decrease of the variance of the best linear unbiased estimator (BLUE) for the unknown mean of a stationary sequence possessing a spectral density. In particular, we show that a necessary condition for variance of BLUE to decrease to zero exponentially is that the spectral density vanishes on a set of positive Lebesgue measure in any vicinity of zero.

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We prove completeness, interpolation, decidability and an omitting types theorem for certain multi-dimensional modal logics where the states are not abstract entities but have an inner structure. The states will be sequences. Our approach is algebraic addressing varieties generated by complex algebras of Kripke semantics for such logics. The algebras dealt with are common cylindrification free reducts of cylindric and polyadic algebras. For finite dimensions, we show that such varieties are finitely axiomatizable, have the super amalgamation property, and that the subclasses consisting of only completely representable algebras are elementary, and are also finitely axiomatizable in first order logic. Also their modal logics have an N P complete satisfiability problem. Analogous results are obtained for infinite dimensions by replacing finite axiomatizability by finite schema axiomatizability.

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The Pell sequence (Pn)n=0 is given by the recurrence Pn = 2Pn −1 + Pn −2 with initial condition P 0 = 0, P 1 = 1 and its associated Pell-Lucas sequence (Qn)n=0 is given by the same recurrence relation but with initial condition Q 0 = 2, Q 1 = 2. Here we show that 6 is the only perfect number appearing in these sequences. This paper continues a previous work that searched for perfect numbers in the Fibonacci and Lucas sequences.

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We record an implication between a recent result due to Li, Pratt and Shakan and large gaps between arithmetic progressions.

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We study the discrete time risk process modelled by the skip-free random walk and derive results connected to the ruin probability and crossing a fixed level for this type of process. We use the method relying on the classical ballot theorems to derive the results for crossing a fixed level and compare them to the results known for the continuous time version of the risk process. We generalize this model by adding a perturbation and, still relying on the skip-free structure of that process, we generalize the previous results on crossing the fixed level for the generalized discrete time risk process. We further derive the famous Pollaczek-Khinchine type formula for this generalized process, using the decomposition of the supremum of the dual process at some special instants of time.

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