Background and goals: In our research, we examined infant observation protocols with a psychoanalytical approach made for professional training purposes. Considering their original purpose, the observations focused on mother-infant interactions, the development of the baby, and the experiences by the observer, however, we were looking for the answer to what specific experiences this information is fed from, and what sociophysical aspects of these can be seen in action. We were, therefore, curious to see whether, even though this was not the goal, environmental psychological/socio-physical factors appeared in the aspects of the observation and, if so, how they were articulated. Method: Students participating in the Ego Clinic's method-specific child therapist training provided data for the research as observers. We performed an analysis of ten protocols containing the notes of weekly infant observations made between 2006 and 2016 for one to one and a half years. The qualitative research was conducted with content analysis, using the Grounded Theory (GT) method developed by Corbin and Strauss (2015). Results: According to our content analysis, three important key categories emerged, which displayed the socio-physical aspect of the observations, these bear the category names “movement in space”, “experience of place” and “cover-ups”. In addition, categories with a non-directly sociophysical aspect emerged (called “imprints of the past”, “emotions”, and “adaptations”), which can be interpreted as an important contextual background. Conclusions: Our research revealed that the environmental psychological socio-physical context, as an unconscious but still strongly present factor, lies in the background of the phenomena to be observed, even though the observation task did not include the observation of physical aspects. The socio-physical factors clearly outlined in the records presumably influenced the observer's thoughts and methods of interpretation and seem to have served as an important source of information, in many cases as the cornerstones of their interpretation framework. This feature also raises the possibility that the study of socio-physical environmental conditions can be included in the analysis of observation records.
In this study, two different ethanol-based RP-HPLC methods for assay and quantification of rivaroxaban related substances in tablets were developed, based on green analytical chemistry (GAC) principles, using the design of experiments approach. The chromatographic separation was performed on X-Bridge C18 column (250 × 4.6 mm, 5 µm particle size), using isocratic elution with ethanol : water (35:65, % v/v) for the assay and gradient elution with ethanol/water mobile phase, for related substances, with a flow rate of 1.0 mL min−1. The gradient method was optimized for the separation of three specified impurities (impurity G, impurity H, and impurity 14) and the selectivity was further confirmed using forced degradation studies. Both methods were validated in accordance with ICH guidelines. The robustness of the methods was confirmed with the Central Composite Face Design of Experiments. Analytical Eco-scale approach and AGREE metrics confirmed that both methods are in accordance with the GAC principles. The proposed ethanol-based RP-HPLC methods were applied for assay and determination of related substances in rivaroxaban 10 mg tablets obtained from three different manufacturers available on the Macedonian market.
With growing attention to health and lifestyle changes, functional foods have become crucial and in demand. These foods are a rich source of probiotics and prebiotics, but most probiotic products are dairy-based, making them inappropriate for people with lactose intolerance or milk protein allergies. Nevertheless, egg white offers a viable substitute and is considered one of the best sources of functional proteins. As an alternative food matrix, they come highly recommended for those who are hypersensitive to dairy products or who follow a high-protein diet, such as athletes. In this context, egg-white drink with different carbohydrate sources, including monosaccharide (fructose) and oligosaccharide (fructooligosaccharide), was fermented by Lacticaseibacillus casei 01. After 24 h of fermentation, the total cell count was higher than 8 log10 CFU mL−1 thus, the egg white drink was suitable for L. casei 01 to grow. Additionally, the survival of L.casei 01, the pH value, and the rheological properties of fermented beverages within three weeks of refrigerated storage were also investigated. Throughout the storage period, the control samples exhibited considerably lower cell count and higher pH values compared to the samples with carbohydrate sources, also, samples containing the same carbohydrate source showed no noticeable changes. Viscosity measurements of the studied samples showed a shear thickening behaviour during the time.
In recent years response surface analysis has been increasingly used to optimise membrane separation. It has many advantages, such as reducing the number of experiments to be performed, which requires lower energy consumption and significantly less laboratory work. For more accurate data analysis and forecasting, mathematical models are used that analyse the relevance of the factors examined and the interaction effects between the factors. In this research, two experimental designs that use response surface methodology are presented, namely, the central composite design and the Box–Behnken design. After the general characterisation of the experimental designs, their application in membrane technology is presented.
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) is grown worldwide in open fields and greenhouses in a range of climate conditions. Hedgerows are a type of agroforestry systems that monitors ecological and influence microclimate conditions. An experiment was conducted at the Soroksár experimental field of the Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences in 2022 to investigate the influence of hedgerow technology on tomato plant leaves, N, P, K, chlorophyll, and carotene mineral levels from different distances, Exposed sides W1-3m, W2-9m and W3-15m and Protected sides NP1-3m, NP2-9m and NP3-15m, meters from the hedgerow trees.
The results investigate potassium and carotene, as well as chlorophyll b levels, are less differed among the protected and exposed side of the hedgerows trees, while the others were impacted to a certain extent; nitrogen and chlorophyll content was generally higher on the exposed side regardless of variety, while in the case of phosphorus adverse effects were observed. Distance from the hedge showed similar patterns for all traits. The results will help to better understand the impact of alternate technologies on tomato production in open-field conditions.
This scoping review employed a multifaceted conceptualization of well-being to examine how psilocybin use affects well-being and related sub-concepts in healthy individuals. It investigated which factors influence the relationship between psilocybin use and well-being, what research protocols have been employed, and what underlying mechanisms have been proposed in existing studies.
A comprehensive literature search in line with the PRISMA guidelines was conducted. Scopus, PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Google Scholar were searched for peer-reviewed articles about psilocybin and well-being in healthy populations.
Studies were heterogeneous in regard to study objectives, study design, study procedure, sample size and psilocybin dosage. In all studies, psilocybin use led to positive well-being-related outcomes for the majority of participants. Facets of well-being positively affected by psilocybin use in this review were self-acceptance, positive relationships, and meaning/purpose in life.
This scoping review provided preliminary evidence for the beneficial effects of psilocybin on well-being and related sub-concepts such as self-acceptance, positive relationships, and meaning/purpose in life in healthy individuals. Ego-dissolution, unity, connectedness, and mystical-type experiences are interrelated concepts that seem to be crucial for explaining such positive well-being-related effects of psilocybin. Under conducive conditions, the use of psilocybin may contribute to healthy functioning, through broad and sustained improvements in a variety of well-being concepts. Due to the heterogeneous nature of the studies, more definite conclusions require further research with a rigorous and homogeneous design.
Background and Objectives: Marketing communication about eco-friendly products is gaining importance on social media. Two main aspects of influencer marketing are the product-influencer fit, which positively affects persuasion effectiveness and the sponsorship disclosure, which negatively affects the persuasion outcomes. The present study examines the simultaneous effect of product-influencer fit and the presence of sponsorship disclosure on the effectiveness of a sponsored post promoting an environmentally conscious detergent. We hypothesized that in the case of a high product-influencer fit, the sponsorship disclosure would have a less negative effect on the evaluation of the post. Method: To answer our hypotheses, we performed a between-subject online experiment with 2 (control versus environmentally conscious profile) × 2 (control versus sponsored content disclosure) experimental groups. We recruited our participants from a university course (N = 430, M = 22.1 years, SD = 4.22 years). The authors generated the stimuli set by creating fictitious influencer profiles and posts. Hypotheses were tested using two-way analyses of variance. Results: According to our results, neither the advertising nor the brand attitude was affected by the interaction effect of the product-influencer fit and the sponsorship disclosure; thus, we did not prove our first two hypotheses. However, high product-influencer fit positively impacted advertising and brand attitudes. Regarding the purchase intention, we found that although the interaction of the two independent variables affected the purchase intention, contrary to hypothesized, the sponsorship disclosure in the high product-influencer post had a more negative effect on the purchase intention. Conclusions: The positive effect of high product-influencer fit on advertising and brand attitudes is in line with previous results presented in the literature. Regarding the intention to purchase, our results may be explained by the topic of the sponsored post, methodological differences, and different psychological mechanisms underlying the evaluation of the post. Future research should consider examining consumer perceptions regarding the influencer's ulterior motives to publish an eco-friendly product recommendation.
The peaceful settlement of disputes is one of the principles enumerated in the Charter of the United Nations, and the Security Council is entrusted with significant powers to achieve this goal. In today's world, accusations of human rights violations have become one of the primary challenges among nations in terms of upholding sovereignty. In accordance with the United Nations Charter, the Security Council may be called upon by the parties to a dispute, the General Assembly, or the Secretary-General, or it can act ex officio to seek a peaceful resolution or adjust a situation through peaceful means. If the Security Council determines that the situation or dispute in question may constitute a threat to international peace and security, it may invoke its powers under Chapter VI of the United Nations Charter. The purpose of this study is to examine the extent of the Security Council's competence and the powers it possesses when carrying out its conciliatory role in cases involving human rights violations by a Member State and conflicts that may arise regarding the interpretation and application of the United Nations Charter.
Article 6(2) of the Convention on the Rights of the Child places an obligation on countries to ensure the survival and development of the child. The right underlines the importance of ensuring that children's rights to health, an adequate standard of living, access to basic services and education are respected in all circumstances. In addition, it requires effective national and international implementation.
These provisions are included in section 4 of the Child's Right Act to ensure optimum protection for children in Nigeria. Nonetheless, children's rights have been drastically affected by the Boko-Haram insurgency. This has resulted in death, abduction, displacement of, and violence against children. Moreover, the prevalence of malnutrition, food scarcity, diseases, and lack of access to water, sanitation, health care, and education remains a challenge.
Accordingly, this paper seeks to examine the efficacy of the laws and policies in place to protect children's right to survival and development in Nigeria. It argues that despite the existing legal and policy framework for protecting children's rights, there has been little focus on the best interest standard in the attainment of the rights of the child. The paper recommends a child-centric approach to adequately provide protection for children in conflict-plagued zones in Nigeria.