Discover the Latest Journals in Architecture and Architectonics

Architecture is both the process and product of planning, designing, and constructing a building or structure, while architectonics is the scientific study of architecture itself. Architectural works are often considered important cultural symbols and works of art, and we often identify past civilizations with their architectural heritage.

Architecture and Architectonics

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Abstract

Climate change manifested its adverse impacts last year, with an extreme drought leading to a drastically low water level in Lake Velence, Hungary. Nature-based solutions have the potential to alleviate these impacts locally. While a few initiatives have been implemented in Hungary, widespread adoption of these solutions is expected to be a goal for the more distant future.

This research focuses on one catchment at Lake Velence to evaluate decision-maker's readiness and urban water management infrastructure for broadly implementing nature-based solutions. Methods include delineating the stormwater system and creating a numerical model to evaluate rainfall-runoff processes and the possible impacts of nature-based retentions. Surveys among local mayors were conducted to assess their perception of existing water infrastructures and implementations of nature-based solutions. Its widespread use may become significant, but its effect on the lake's water level remains negligible.

Open access

Abstract

This study focuses on the optimization dynamics of racing go-karts, which is heavily influenced by the frame's stiffness. Lacking suspensions and differentials, go-karts rely on the frame stiffness for wheel balancing and skid prevention by lifting the inner rear wheel during turns. Utilizing a rigid-flexible model in MSC Software ADAMS View, validated by frame deformation measurements, this research integrates finite element analysis with multibody techniques. The model, leverages computer aided design files for frame geometry and employs finite element analysis for frame validation. It facilitates evaluating go-kart dynamics through simulations, aiding in maneuver testing and design optimization. This approach provides a comprehensive framework for advancing go-kart designs.

Open access

Abstract

In China, the decline of industrial communities suffering from both the aging of physical space and the breakdown of social relations. How to make marginalized and closed industrial communities actively integrate into the development of urban renewal has gradually become an issue of concern.

The paper takes the “Jingzhou New Town Industrial Park Urban Design Project” as an opportunity to explore a transformation path suitable for China's national conditions through the study of the history, culture, current problems, and renewal strategies of this heritage-type industrial community.

The study finally proposes three renewal strategies for industrial communities, which provide samples with certain reference value for the renewal of old industrial communities.

Open access

Abstract

With the development of time, people have more emotional needs for interior spaces. Interior lighting design is an extremely important part of interior design, especially in children's healthcare. In order to meet the needs of child patients and healthcare professionals for ward lighting, it is necessary to comply with various standards while also designing emotionally, emphasizing the positive effects of light on the psychology and health of the user. A literature research approach was used to combine the current status of interior lighting in healthcare spaces, culminating in the integration of the concept of emotional design into the lighting design of children's wards.

Open access

Abstract

This study combines theoretical research and practical case studies to explore effective methods for renovating rural architecture within the context of Chinese new rural construction. By analyzing the current state of existing rural architectures, identifying their characteristics and shortcomings, and applying the theory of architectural semiotics, this study proposes an innovative model for rural architecture renovation. The aim of this research is to provide valuable insights and optimization strategies for the revitalization of rural architectures in China, ultimately contributing to the sustainable development of rural areas and the preservation of regional culture.

Open access

Abstract

Multi-layered walls are commonly used building elements that have the potential to reduce cooling loads by improving thermal insulation. This paper investigates the potential of reducing cooling load using different types of multi-layered. For this purpose, a model of a small room (1.15 × 1 × 1 m) was constructed. A software code based on the radiant time series method was developed using MATLAB to extract heat gain results. The results were verified with other researchers, and there was a 0.89% error. Overall, the results show that using solid or hollow bricks in construction can be an effective way to reduce heat gain, where Wall-C achieved the minimum heat gain of 60.8 W m−2 compared to 66.207 and 71.225 W m−2 for Wall-A and Wall-B respectively. The reasons for this could be due to the insulation hollow area provided by the bricks, which tends to reduce heat transfer through the wall.

Restricted access

Abstract

In artificial intelligence, combating overfitting and enhancing model generalization is crucial. This research explores innovative noise-induced regularization techniques, focusing on natural language processing tasks. Inspired by gradient noise and Dropout, this study investigates the interplay between controlled noise, model complexity, and overfitting prevention. Utilizing long short-term memory and bidirectional long short term memory architectures, this study examines the impact of noise-induced regularization on robustness to noisy input data. Through extensive experimentation, this study shows that introducing controlled noise improves model generalization, especially in language understanding. This contributes to the theoretical understanding of noise-induced regularization, advancing reliable and adaptable artificial intelligence systems for natural language processing.

Open access
Pollack Periodica
Authors:
András Greg
,
Gabriella Medvegy
,
Gábor Veres
,
Bálint Bachmann
,
Balázs Kokas
, and
Péter Paári

Abstract

The article represents a case study of the realization of changing engineering education in two new contemporary educational buildings of the University of Pécs, the impact of these buildings on educational methods, and the impact of community-based education on these buildings. As part of the university development program launched in 2016, the University of Pécs, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology's campus has been expanded with new architectural education buildings. The task of the new buildings was to adapt to the directions of the new engineering education and the representation of education of its faculty. The engineering education influences the object of architecture and determines its operation and its layout.

Open access
Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Dilshad Mohammed
,
Victor Nagy
,
Márton Jagicza
,
Dávid Józsa
, and
Balázs Horváth

Abstract

The evolution of autonomous vehicles hinges significantly upon the advancements in driving assistance systems. Adaptive cruise control, a pivotal component of these systems, warrants continuous real-world examination to assess its operational efficiency. The study investigates these systems integrated into diverse commercial vehicles with a specific focus on the following distances they provide. The findings reveal that camera-based systems offer shorter following distances relative to ISO standards, while radar-based and combined camera and radar-based systems provide larger following distances. The study contributes to understand adaptive cruise control technology and its alignment with safety standards, thereby aiding in the on-going development of self-driving vehicles.

Open access

Abstract

Local soil conditions play a crucial role in shaping ground surface responses and impacting the intensity of ground shaking. In this study, the influence of different site profiles on computed ground motion was investigated using a 2D equivalent linear analysis approach. Four distinct site profiles: sand, clay, sand-clay-sand-clay, and clay-sand-clay-sand profiles were considered. The results were presented using multiple metrics, including surface acceleration, displacement, modulus decreasing ratio, and coherence analysis. Notably, the clay profile significantly influenced ground motion, while the sand profile exhibited relatively lower seismic activity. This suggests that softer sites significantly influence ground motion, leading to potentially high levels of shaking.

Open access