Discover the Latest Journals in Architecture and Architectonics

Architecture is both the process and product of planning, designing, and constructing a building or structure, while architectonics is the scientific study of architecture itself. Architectural works are often considered important cultural symbols and works of art, and we often identify past civilizations with their architectural heritage.

Architecture and Architectonics

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Abstract

With the development of time, people have more emotional needs for interior spaces. Interior lighting design is an extremely important part of interior design, especially in children's healthcare. In order to meet the needs of child patients and healthcare professionals for ward lighting, it is necessary to comply with various standards while also designing emotionally, emphasizing the positive effects of light on the psychology and health of the user. A literature research approach was used to combine the current status of interior lighting in healthcare spaces, culminating in the integration of the concept of emotional design into the lighting design of children's wards.

Open access

Abstract

This study combines theoretical research and practical case studies to explore effective methods for renovating rural architecture within the context of Chinese new rural construction. By analyzing the current state of existing rural architectures, identifying their characteristics and shortcomings, and applying the theory of architectural semiotics, this study proposes an innovative model for rural architecture renovation. The aim of this research is to provide valuable insights and optimization strategies for the revitalization of rural architectures in China, ultimately contributing to the sustainable development of rural areas and the preservation of regional culture.

Open access

Abstract

Multi-layered walls are commonly used building elements that have the potential to reduce cooling loads by improving thermal insulation. This paper investigates the potential of reducing cooling load using different types of multi-layered. For this purpose, a model of a small room (1.15 × 1 × 1 m) was constructed. A software code based on the radiant time series method was developed using MATLAB to extract heat gain results. The results were verified with other researchers, and there was a 0.89% error. Overall, the results show that using solid or hollow bricks in construction can be an effective way to reduce heat gain, where Wall-C achieved the minimum heat gain of 60.8 W m−2 compared to 66.207 and 71.225 W m−2 for Wall-A and Wall-B respectively. The reasons for this could be due to the insulation hollow area provided by the bricks, which tends to reduce heat transfer through the wall.

Restricted access

Abstract

In artificial intelligence, combating overfitting and enhancing model generalization is crucial. This research explores innovative noise-induced regularization techniques, focusing on natural language processing tasks. Inspired by gradient noise and Dropout, this study investigates the interplay between controlled noise, model complexity, and overfitting prevention. Utilizing long short-term memory and bidirectional long short term memory architectures, this study examines the impact of noise-induced regularization on robustness to noisy input data. Through extensive experimentation, this study shows that introducing controlled noise improves model generalization, especially in language understanding. This contributes to the theoretical understanding of noise-induced regularization, advancing reliable and adaptable artificial intelligence systems for natural language processing.

Open access
Pollack Periodica
Authors:
András Greg
,
Gabriella Medvegy
,
Gábor Veres
,
Bálint Bachmann
,
Balázs Kokas
, and
Péter Paári

Abstract

The article represents a case study of the realization of changing engineering education in two new contemporary educational buildings of the University of Pécs, the impact of these buildings on educational methods, and the impact of community-based education on these buildings. As part of the university development program launched in 2016, the University of Pécs, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology's campus has been expanded with new architectural education buildings. The task of the new buildings was to adapt to the directions of the new engineering education and the representation of education of its faculty. The engineering education influences the object of architecture and determines its operation and its layout.

Open access
Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Dilshad Mohammed
,
Victor Nagy
,
Márton Jagicza
,
Dávid Józsa
, and
Balázs Horváth

Abstract

The evolution of autonomous vehicles hinges significantly upon the advancements in driving assistance systems. Adaptive cruise control, a pivotal component of these systems, warrants continuous real-world examination to assess its operational efficiency. The study investigates these systems integrated into diverse commercial vehicles with a specific focus on the following distances they provide. The findings reveal that camera-based systems offer shorter following distances relative to ISO standards, while radar-based and combined camera and radar-based systems provide larger following distances. The study contributes to understand adaptive cruise control technology and its alignment with safety standards, thereby aiding in the on-going development of self-driving vehicles.

Open access

Abstract

Local soil conditions play a crucial role in shaping ground surface responses and impacting the intensity of ground shaking. In this study, the influence of different site profiles on computed ground motion was investigated using a 2D equivalent linear analysis approach. Four distinct site profiles: sand, clay, sand-clay-sand-clay, and clay-sand-clay-sand profiles were considered. The results were presented using multiple metrics, including surface acceleration, displacement, modulus decreasing ratio, and coherence analysis. Notably, the clay profile significantly influenced ground motion, while the sand profile exhibited relatively lower seismic activity. This suggests that softer sites significantly influence ground motion, leading to potentially high levels of shaking.

Open access

Abstract

The present investigation examined the impact of thermal cycling applied during the painting of sheet steels and the transfer period in the forming of W-temper heat treatment of high-strength aluminum alloy on springback. The U-draw bending test was conducted numerically and experimentally to examine the springback parameters. Pre-painted steel might be aged due to surface cycling during painting and it changes the mechanical characteristics. As a result, pre-painted steel becomes more susceptible to springback. It is also observed that springback is mostly reliant on the amount of transfer time between the W-temper forming of aluminum alloy. To sum up, the interplay among material characteristics, processing techniques, and forming conditions leads to the springback phenomena.

Open access

Abstract

Cylinder bore coatings are widely used in automotive internal combustion engines to replace cylinder liners. During the atmospheric plasma spraying process, the coatings are oxidized and controlled by the Si content of the steel powder used as the coating raw material. This phenomenon affects the technological process, the microstructure, and the properties of the formed coatings. The research aims to investigate how the Si content of two commercial grades of steel powder commonly used in industry affects the undesirable consequences observed in practice, such as clogging of powder nozzles or large variations in coating hardness. The analyses and industrial experiments show that increasing the Si content can contribute significantly to these undesirable phenomena.

Open access

Abstract

In the present study, a comparison has been conducted to investigate the efficiency of stitching using the near-surface mounted steel bars and externally bonded carbon fibers reinforced polymers technique for strengthening the T-deep beams having large opening within the shear spans and with deficient shear reinforcement. Eight specimens with two locations of openings were tested. It was found that stitching of beams by steel bars with openings located flush to the flange yielded improvement in capacity in range (10–39%). Furthermore, Stitching by external bonded carbon sheets yield enhancements in capacity was 96 and 78% for the top location compared to the control specimen and the vertical near-surface mounted stirrups system. The respective values for the bottom location were 62 and 42% respectively.

Restricted access