Discover the Latest Journals in Architecture and Architectonics

Architecture is both the process and product of planning, designing, and constructing a building or structure, while architectonics is the scientific study of architecture itself. Architectural works are often considered important cultural symbols and works of art, and we often identify past civilizations with their architectural heritage.

Architecture and Architectonics

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Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Orest Voznyak
,
Nadiia Spodyniuk
,
Iryna Sukholova
,
Olena Savchenko
,
Mariana Kasynets
, and
Serhii Shostak

Abstract

This article is dedicated to diagnosis of damage to air distribution in a room with twisted, compact, and flat air jets, and to searching of ways to solving the problem. It was found that in order to avoid damage to the air distribution system in rooms of different purposes and dimensions; it should be air streams of the appropriate types and with the appropriate characteristics. Parameters of a swirled, compact, flat, rectangular air jet when creating comfortable climatic conditions in the rooms of different purposes and dimensions are determined. The relationship between the angle of inclination of the rotating plates (for twisted jets), ratio of sides of the slit (for all rectangular including compact and flat streams) and a long-range of these flows is established.

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Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Maher F. Al Lebban
,
Ameer A. Alraie
,
Qusay A. Jabal
,
Laith Abdul Rasool Alasadi
,
Rawa Shakir Muwashee
, and
Waseem H. Mahdi

Abstract

Progress in building construction requires more durable concrete with higher strength. Polymer and water reducer liquids can improve concrete strength and durability. This research aims to improve the mechanical properties of polymer-modified concrete by using anti-slip sand and silica fume to achieve more durable concrete against sulfate attack and higher mechanical properties. The study shows an increase in compressive strength from 25.7 MPa for reference mix to 45.5 MPa using 15% silica fume and 30% Anti-slip sand; tensile strength increased from 2.72 to 4.4 MPa. Flexural strength also increased, and durability to sulfate attack also increased. The study includes the increment of durability against freezing-thawing cycles for different mixes.

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Abstract

Direct resistance check by applying advanced numerical models is getting increasingly used for the design of steel slender plated structures. This method has to take into account the same uncertainties as traditional analytical design calculations and should ensure the Eurocode-based prescribed safety level. The application of the model factor gives the possibility to account for the model-related uncertainties. The current study focuses on the determination of the model factor for one specific failure mode, the patch loading resistance. Numerical model has been developed and validated based on laboratory test results. To evaluate the model uncertainties, physically possible modeling differences are introduced, and their effects are evaluated on the resistance. The final aim of the study is to determine the model factor for the analyzed girder type and failure mode based on statistical evaluation.

Open access

Abstract

Warping not only one of the most important phenomena in steel section it is also considered as the most complicated phenomena. Ductility, bearing capacity and serviceability of steel sections may affect by increasing stress concentration of the normal stresses due to warping. In the present work, simulation of steel beam section under effect of warping is studied. Two cantilevers connected to two columns in opposite sides with a middle steel beam-column connection to create different moments on the beam to investigate the behavior of steel section under warping using building information modeling. It is found that the stress strain relationship has four groups depending on the load intensity and the angle of rotation induced due to warping.

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Abstract

Method of numerical analysis of the influence of initial depression depth coupled with absolute surface roughness and with Manning's roughness coefficient onto the key hydraulic parameters of the stormwater runoff is proposed. Small highly urbanized catchment with 100% impervious cover was used in stormwater management model numerical simulations for climatic conditions of the Lviv City (Ukraine) at the return period of 1 year. An increase in depression depth from 1 to 5 mm causes reduction in the specific maximum peak runoff from 5.13∙10−3 L/(s∙m2) to 3.29∙10−3 L/(s∙m2), while the critical duration of rainfall increase from 17 min to 56 min. The dimensionless maximum peak flow rate is expressed as a two-parameter exponent function of the initial depression depth, allowing the estimation of the lower limit of this discharge for the practically significant range of the depression depth.

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Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Sabra Ahyaten
,
Jalal El Bahaoui
,
Narjisse Amahjour
,
Francisco Ortegón Gallego
, and
Issam Hanafi

Abstract

Due to the substantial rise in wind power generation, the direct-drive permanent magnet synchronous generator has emerged as a leading technology for efficient variable speed operation, meeting grid demands effectively. This paper presents a comparative analysis of control strategies for permanent magnet synchronous generator based wind turbine using real variable wind speed data from a 2 MW of Tetouan wind farm in Morocco. The proposed approach is based on evaluating two primary control strategies: the adaptive fuzzy-proportional-integral controller and the conventional proportional-integral controller aimed at enhancing the wind turbine's output power. The simulation performed on MATLAB-Simulink indicates that pitch control mechanisms play a crucial role in optimizing power generation, also demonstrating its ability to achieve satisfactory performance.

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Abstract

The structural assessment of historical buildings poses a significant challenge for engineers. However, when it comes to historical structures, more commonly used and reliable destructive testing may not always be viable. Instead, non-destructive testing has gained prominence, encompassing techniques like the Schmidt hammer test, georadar, and sonic-based tests.

In this paper, the viability of employing sonic testing on historical masonry structures was investigated. This study involves using the measured sonic velocities to identify voids and solid parts within masonry walls. In addition, the purpose is to determine the compressive strength of both mortar and brick constituents and to analyze the effects of moisture and compressive stress on the propagation velocity of waves.

Open access

Abstract

This work investigates the effect of two wall roughness types, triangular and circular, on convection and radiation heat transfer in a small space. The ANSYS Fluent is used to do thermal and dynamic modeling; the left wall is warmer than the right one. The upper and lower walls are adiabatic. The Nusselt numbers are compared in all cases and for two Rayleigh values, which change based on the cavity's characteristic length. The results show temperature contours and Nusselt curves. It was observed that the roughness had a strong effect on the air's thermal behavior inside the cavity, where the Nusselt decreased in both roughness cases, especially at small heights. However, the largest decrease is in the triangular case and for angles less than 90°. For 72°, Nusselt is 13.32 and 6% less than smooth and circular cases respectively.

Open access
Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Salman Khayoon Aldriasawi
,
Abbas Nasser Hasein
,
Ashham Muhammed Anead
, and
Barhm Mohamad

Abstract

The study analyzed surface treatment's impact on mechanical properties of Fe-based amorphous coatings. Specimens underwent six-hour treatments at 670 and 770 °C using vacuum heat. Results revealed distinct mechanical features in the coating: Vickers hardness reached 755, scanning electron microscope images displayed glassy phases, showcasing good wear resistance and compressive residual stresses at around −55 MPa. A remarkable 122% increase in compressive residual stress was noted through combined vacuum heat treatment and sandblasting. Volume wear decreased from the initial 18 to 14 mm3 after treatment at 670 °C followed by sandblasting, indicating a 30% enhancement in wear resistance. Yet, using vacuum heat treatment at 770 °C negatively impacted the coating's properties.

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Abstract

The paper presents a normalized, varying step size-based least mean square-based control for a standalone microgrid and Ant Lion optimization-based maximum power point tracking. This modified version of the incremental conductance algorithm addresses issues like slow dynamic response, fixed step size issues, and steady state oscillations. Comparative analysis with well-known techniques shows that Ant Lion optimizes the tracking of maximum power points more accurately, with fewer oscillations and increased efficiency. Power management and power quality are maintained through proposed adaptive voltage source converter control. The proposed voltage control shows better performance under various dynamic and steady conditions.

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