The proposed work addresses a novelty in techniques for segmentation of remotely sensed hyper-spectral scenes. Incorporated inter band cluster and intra band cluster techniques has investigated. With a new constrain validate the new segmentation methods in this proposed work, the fast K-Means is used in inter clustering part. The inter band clustering is carried out by fast K-Means methods includes weighted and careful seeding procedures. The intra band clustering processed using Particle Swarm Clustering algorithm with enhanced estimation of centroid. Davies Bouldin index is used to determine the number of clusters in the mentioned clustering strategies. The hyper-spectral bands are clustered in order to reduce the band size. In next phase, the above said enhanced algorithm carried out the segmentation process in the reduced bands. In addition, statistical analysis is carried out in various scenarios.
The main design strategies of this Chinese project are connection and aesthetic. The new annex building conference and meeting center - presents the new contemporary form and sets up a new relationship with the original stadium surrounding and local traditional culture. The traditional symbol - ‘Lotus Flower’ is used as an effective design imagines, and it was transferred into contemporary form to create the new functional space and attractive volume. This project is a great possibility to explore the methods how traditional and cultural elements can show up in up-to-date way in contemporary architecture.
The paper focuses on future changes in the short-term rainfall intensities in the western region of Slovakia. The analysis was performed for 4 climatological stations, namely: Malacky, Myjava, Vrbovce and šaŠtín. The short-term rainfall intensity data from the community land model that is a regional climate model were used in durations of 60 to 1440 minutes for a warm period. The focus was aimed at comparing changes in rainfall characteristics, especially changes in the seasonality and trends and changes in the scaling exponents and design values.
In different Comfort Standards, for different building functions the requirements for summer and also for winter period differ. The operative temperature is one of these parameters, which in different Comfort Standards for summer-winter period specifies the building's comfort category.
This paper presents the results of measurement of the operative temperature in PASSOL laboratory with different heat storage and using night ventilation.
Implemented flood protection measures come to a re-evaluation due to changes in the hydrological situation, due to more recently occurring flash floods whose robustness exceeds the capacity of the measures initially proposed. The problem is the structures constructed on the streams as well as the unpermitted house building on the banks, the pollution of the stream or sedimentation. Case study on small catchment with problems of flash floods in the middle Slovakia was solved. Stream channel capacity was not sufficient for higher flow rates; therefore new flood protection measures were proposed (river bed training, low training walls, detention reservoir). Their efficiency was verified via mathematical modeling.
Nowadays heuristic methods are one of the most used tools for the optimization of problems. The proof of that is the fact that they are widely used in chemistry, economics and energy. Among the most popular of heuristic methods belongs differential evolution, belonging to the so-called ‘evolutionary algorithms’. They can handle difficult, large-scale problems with many parameters, like the optimization of the hydro-thermal coordination of hydro and thermal power plants. As with any other method, differential evolution also has certain parameters. These parameters, among others, are the size of the population, the maximum number of generations, crossover parameter and mutation factor. The effect of these parameters on the results of an optimization using differential evolution is the focus of this paper. The hydro-thermal coordination of one hydro and one thermal power plant was used as an example to explain this issue.
As streets cover almost twenty-five percentages of the urban open spaces, designing streets is a vital issue in creating thermal comfort for urban environmental design. The geometry of the street (height/width ratio) as well as orientation directly influences the airspeed, solar access in urban canyon and as a result thermal comfort at the pedestrian level. This study examined the street geometry case study's scenarios with different street geometries and investigates its effects on outdoor thermal comfort as well as the weather parameters. However, according to the matrix assessment conducted by the author, the vast street canyons (height/width=0.65 m/14.5 m with an orientation parallel to the prevailing wind direction achieved the best results. Nevertheless, the aim of this paper is to investigate the impact of street canyon geometry on outdoor thermal comfort and its parameters in the summertime using numerical modeling.
This research aims to evaluate the effectiveness of implementing quantitative techniques to improve decision making in construction projects by using time- and cost-oriented failure mode and effect analysis and Monte Carlo simulation. This research is limited to the project schedule and risk management of one phase of a construction project to build a new automated warehouse in Hungary. The results show that there are 80% and 100% chances that the duration and cost of the construction project phase will increase due to the uncertainty and individual risks associated with the construction project activities respectively.
Most of red wine's health benefits are attributed to polyphenols, which can express different biological effects. During ageing process, numerous chemical reactions occur, alternating phenolic composition of wine. Therefore, this paper focused on the influence of ageing on the evolution of wine phenolics (phenolic acids, flavonoids, stilbenes, and anthocyanins). Wines from 4 local grape varieties (Frankovka, Portugieser, Probus, and Rumenika) were analysed after 1 month and 4 years of ageing. Monomeric anthocyanin and total phenolic contents and antioxidative potential in aged wines were also determined. Among tested phenolics, main components in aged wines remained gallic acid (2.16–19.55 mg l−1) and catechin (8.39–37.21 mg l−1). The most prominent changes of analysed phenolic compounds during ageing were observed for p-coumaric acid (from +173.3% to +763.1%) and malvidin-3-glucoside (from +173.3% to +763.1%). Wine from Rumenika variety maintained the highest content of individual phenols after ageing. Additionally, aged wines had very low content of monomeric anthocyanins. Significant correlation (r= −0.93, P<0.05) between total phenolic content and IC50 values in aged wines was also noticed. Obtained results provide useful information about the quality preservation during aging and storage of these products.
In this paper a detailed description of a method is presented to estimate the minimum structural dimensions of the robot arms. A comparative study is conducted between the harmony search and artificial bee colony algorithms in this scientific application. The comparison process was done through the kinematic equations of the serial robot manipulator to find the optimum lengths of links of the robot. A novel design for a seven-degrees-of-freedom robot arm was presented to conduct the comparative study on the presented optimization algorithms. This novel robot mimics the functionality of the SANDVIK robot arm for tunnelling works, but the presented type synthesis was designed to overcome the restrictions on the original SANDVIK arm.