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Mathematics and statistics journals publish papers on the theory and application of mathematics, statistics, and probability. Most mathematics journals have a broad scope that encompasses most mathematical fields. These commonly include logic and foundations, algebra and number theory, analysis (including differential equations, functional analysis and operator theory), geometry, topology, combinatorics, probability and statistics, numerical analysis and computation theory, mathematical physics, etc.

Mathematics and Statistics

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In this article, we study ideals in residuated lattice and present a characterization theorem for them. We investigate some related results between the obstinate ideals and other types of ideals of a residuated lattice, likeness Boolean, primary, prime, implicative, maximal and ʘ-prime ideals. Characterization theorems and extension property for obstinate ideal are stated and proved. For the class of ʘ-residuated lattices, by using the ʘ-prime ideals we propose a characterization, and prove that an ideal is an ʘ-prime ideal iff its quotient algebra is an ʘ-residuated lattice. Finally, by using ideals, the class of Noetherian (Artinian) residuated lattices is introduced and Cohen’s theorem is proved.

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We pose an interpolation problem for the space of bounded analytic functions in the disk. The interpolation is performed by a function and its di˛erence of values in points whose subscripts are related by an increasing application. We impose that the data values satisfy certain conditions related to the pseudohyperbolic distance, and characterize interpolating sequences in terms of uniformly separated subsequences.

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In this paper, we investigate the infiuence of nearly s-semipermutable subgroups on the structure of finite groups. Several recent results from the literature are improved and generalized.

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We exhibit some explicit continued fraction expansions and their representation series in different fields. Some of these continued fractions have a type of symmetry, known as folding symmetry. We will extracted those whose are specialized.

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We study the polynomial entropy of the logistic map depending on a parameter, and we calculate it for almost all values of the parameter. We show that polynomial entropy distinguishes systems with a low complexity (i.e. for which the topological entropy vanishes).

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In this paper, we establish some Landau–Kolmogorov type inequalities for differential operators generated by polynomials in the following form
P(D)fpK1(ε,P)fq+K2(ε,m)Dm(P(D)f)p

for all ε>0 , where 0 < gp ≤ ∞, and the differential operator P (D) is obtained from the polynomial P (x) by substitutingxi/x . Moreover, the explicit form of K1(ε,p) and K2(ε,m)

are given.

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Let ɣ and Φ1 be nondecreasing and nonnegative functions defined on [0, ∞), and Φ2 is an N -function, u, v and w are weights. A unified version of weighted weak type inequality of the form
Φ1(λ)u(f*>λ)C𝔼Φ2Cfυγ(λ)w

for martingale maximal operators f is considered, some necessary and su@cient conditions for it to hold are shown. In addition, we give a complete characterization of three-weight weak type maximal inequality of martingales. Our results generalize some known results on weighted theory of martingale maximal operators.

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This paper is concerned with the existence of weak solutions for obstacle problems. By means of the Young measure theory and a theorem of Kinderlehrer and Stampacchia, we obtain the needed result.

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During the last decade, a number of explicit results about the distributions of exponential functionals of Brownian motion with drift: At(μ)=0t ds exp {2(Bs+μs)}, have been obtained, often originating with the works of D. Dufresne.

In the present paper, we rely extensively on these results to show the existence of limiting measures asT, when the law of {Bt+μt,0_t_T} is perturbed by the Radon-Nikodym density consisting of either of the normalized functionals exp (αAT(μ)) or 1/(AT(μ))m. The results exhibit different regimes according to whether μ_0, or μ<0 in the first case, and to a partition of the (μ,m)-plane in the second case.

Although a large number of similar studies have been made for, say, one-dimensional diffusions, the present study, which focuses upon Brownian exponential functionals, appears to be new.

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We study the effect on sections of a soluble-by-finite group G of finite rank of an almost fixed-point-free automorphism φ of G of finite order. We also elucidate the structure of G if φ has order 4 and if G is also (torsion-free)-by-finite. The latter extends recent work of Xu, Zhou and Liu.

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