In , a universal linear algebraic model was proposed for describing homogeneous conformal geometries, such as the spherical, Euclidean, hyperbolic, Minkowski, anti-de Sitter and Galilei planes (). This formalism was independent from the underlying field, providing an extension and general approach to other fields, such as finite fields. Some steps were taken even for the characteristic 2 case.
In this article, we undertake the study of the characteristic 2 case in more detail. In particular, the concept of virtual quadratic spaces is used (), and a similar result is achieved for finite fields of characteristic 2 as for other fields. Some differences from the non-characteristic 2 case are also pointed out.
In this note connections between root extensions of monoids and some finiteness conditions on monoids are studied, giving new proofs and generalizing results of Etingof, Malcolmson and Okoh for domains. In the same spirit, results of Jedrzejewicz and Zielinski on root-closed extensions of domains are generalized and sharpened to monoids. Using the same methods, a criterion for being a completely integrally closed domain is generalized to monoids.
In this paper first, we prove some new generalizations of Hermite-Hadamard type inequalities for the convex function f and for (s, m)-convex function f in the second sense in conformable fractional integral forms. Second, by using five new integral identities, we present some new Riemann-Liouville fractional trapezoid and midpoint type inequalities. Third, using these results, we present applications to f-divergence measures. At the end, some new bounds for special means of different positive real numbers and new error estimates for the trapezoidal and midpoint formula are provided as well. These results give us the generalizations of the earlier results.
High proved the following theorem. If the intersections of any two congruent copies of a plane convex body are centrally symmetric, then this body is a circle. In our paper we extend the theorem of High to spherical, Euclidean and hyperbolic spaces, under some regularity assumptions. Suppose that in any of these spaces there is a pair of closed convex sets of class C+2 with interior points, different from the whole space, and the intersections of any congruent copies of these sets are centrally symmetric (provided they have non-empty interiors). Then our sets are congruent balls. Under the same hypotheses, but if we require only central symmetry of small intersections, then our sets are either congruent balls, or paraballs, or have as connected components of their boundaries congruent hyperspheres (and the converse implication also holds).
Under the same hypotheses, if we require central symmetry of all compact intersections, then either our sets are congruent balls or paraballs, or have as connected components of their boundaries congruent hyperspheres, and either d ≥ 3, or d = 2 and one of the sets is bounded by one hypercycle, or both sets are congruent parallel domains of straight lines, or there are no more compact intersections than those bounded by two finite hypercycle arcs (and the converse implication also holds).
We also prove a dual theorem. If in any of these spaces there is a pair of smooth closed convex sets, such that both of them have supporting spheres at any of their boundary points Sd for Sd of radius less than π/2- and the closed convex hulls of any congruent copies of these sets are centrally symmetric, then our sets are congruent balls.
In this article, a new four-parameter model is introduced which can be used in mod- eling survival data and fatigue life studies. Its failure rate function can be increasing, decreasing, upside down and bathtub-shaped depending on its parameters. We derive explicit expressions for some of its statistical and mathematical quantities. Some useful characterizations are presented. Maximum likelihood method is used to estimate the model parameters. The censored maximum likelihood estimation is presented in the general case of the multi-censored data. We demonstrate empirically the importance and exibility of the new model in modeling a real data set.
In this paper, we proved theorems which give the conditions that special operator nets on a predual of von Neumann algebras are strongly convergent under the Markov case. Moreover, we investigate asymptotic stability and existence of a lower-bound function for such nets.
Reconstruction theorems for martingales with respect to regular filtration are proved provided that the majorant of the martingale satisfies some specified condition. The ob-tained results are applied to obtain formulas for restoration of coeffcients for multiple Haar series.
For fixed integers n(= 0) and μ, the number of ways in which a moving particle taking a horizontal step with probability p and a vertical step with probability q, touches the line Y = n+μX for the first time, have been counted. The concept has been applied to obtain various probability distributions in independent and Markov dependent trials.
We discuss the weakly compact subsets of direct sum cones for the upper, lower and symmetric topologies and investigate the X-topologies of the weak upper, lower and sym-metric compact subsets of direct sum cones on product cones.