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Among all scientific traditions alive, medical publishing has a good chance to be the oldest. The first fully peer reviewed academic journal, “Medical Essays and Observations” was launched in 1731 by the Royal Society in Edinburgh. Since then, hundreds of medical journals have been published worldwide. Medical publication in Hungary started in 1857 when the famous physician, Markusovszky founded “Orvosi Hetilap”, which has been published since then every week (with short breaks during the world wars). It is now a most prestigious piece in AKJournals’ portfolio, listed in Journal Citation Reports, with a remarkable impact factor.

Medical and Health Sciences

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Abstract

Objective

The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention in reducing problematic mobile phone use, depression, and sleep disorders among adolescents. Additionally, it sought to investigate whether the decrease in problematic mobile phone use acted as a mediator in the relationship between the MBCT intervention and adolescent depression and sleep disorders.

Methods

In a randomized controlled trial, a total of 104 adolescents were randomly assigned to the mindfulness group (n = 52) or the wait-list control group (n = 52). The mindfulness group students completed eight 45-min sessions of mindfulness training in four weeks. The outcomes were measured at baseline, postintervention, and at the 2-month follow-up.

Results

Compared with the control group, the mindfulness group had significantly greater levels of mindfulness and lower levels of problematic mobile phone use, depression, and sleep disorders postintervention. The intervention effects were maintained at the 2-month follow-up. In addition, decreased problematic mobile phone use significantly mediated the association between the MBCT intervention and decreased depression and decreased sleep disorders.

Conclusion

The findings suggest that MBCT could improve adolescent depression and sleep disorders and that decreasing problematic mobile phone use is an effective pathway accounting for the MBCT intervention effect on adolescent depression and sleep disorders.

Open access

Abstract

As the wider culture is experiencing what some call a “psychedelic renaissance,” various Christian voices are beginning to comment on this cultural moment in the press and social media. Some are curious, even open minded, about the developments; others are expressing concern about what they see as the inauthenticity and danger of psychedelics as a spiritual practice. In the academic literature, most work on the intersection of Christianity and psychedelic medicine treat either the historical question of psychedelics' possible role in the foundations of the religion or on the practical question of “should we or shouldn't we?” Absent, however, is discussion of how a Christian psychedelic practice might look. This article seeks to address this shortfall by showcasing three extant examples of what we term “psychedelic Christianity”: 1) hippies who converted to Christianity while still using psychedelic substances during the “Jesus movement”; 2) mid-twentieth-century Catholic intellectuals experimenting with the compounds for spiritual and therapeutic reasons; and 3) contemporary clergy who participated in the Johns Hopkins and NYU study with psychedelics and religious professionals. In all of this, we give special attention to the healing experienced by these Christians who undertook a psychedelic Christianity in their recourse to these substances.

Open access

Abstract

Background and aims

Psychedelics show promise for treatment of mental health conditions (MHCs). But there is relatively little research on indigenous psychedelics conducted in the Global South (GS). Much research is carried out in the Global North, where there are different cultural perceptions of mental health and psychedelics. Therefore, this paper appraises research on psychedelics for treatment or therapy where research was carried out in the GS.

Method

A systematic review of research literature was conducted from 1st January 2010 to 31st July 2023. Medline, PsychINFO and Global Health databases were searched for studies of patients undergoing treatment for MHCs with psychedelics.

Results

Data from 27 papers were extracted and narratively synthesized. A total of 984 participants were included suffering from depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, substance use disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder and eating disorders. The studies investigated the feasibility of psychedelic treatments and presented evidence for their safety. There was preliminary efficacy data for ayahuasca, iboga, 5-MeO-DMT, psylocibin, and MDMA in the treatment of some MHCs. All studies were conducted in line with ethical and medical guidelines, and no serious adverse events were reported.

Conclusion

A renaissance of clinical psychedelic research on substances that have been used as traditional medicines in the GS presents promising evidence for treatment efficacy and safety across a range of MHCs. Psychedelics present an exciting new treatment approach for people in the GS, in a health area with considerable unmet need. Moreover, research demonstrated cost-effectiveness, while results suggested no significant safety concerns or side effects.

Open access

A hideg agglutinin betegség diagnosztikája és ellátási gyakorlata

Diagnosis and treatment of cold agglutinin disease

Hematológia–Transzfuziológia
Authors:
Boglárka Brúgós
,
Zsófia Simon
,
Ildikó Zsigmond Soós
, and
Árpád Illés

A hideg agglutinin betegség az autoimmun hemolitikus anémiák ritka altípusa, egy indolens, low-grade lymphoproliferatív betegség, amely nem meríti ki a B-sejtes lymphoma kritériumait. A keringésben kimutatható a vörösvértestek felszínén lévő „I” antigén ellenes, rendszerint IgM típusú autoantitest. Hideg hatására a pentamer szerkezetű antitest a perifériás keringésben az antigénhez kötődve agglutinációt, súlyosabb esetben komplement aktivációt és hemolízist okoz. Vércsoport-szerológiai vizsgálat során erős C3d-pozitivitás igazolható. A betegség tünetei, a klasszikus „fatigue”, fáradékonyság, gyengeség részben a hemolitikus anémia, részben a komplement aktiváció, proinflammatorikus citokin emelkedés következményei. A hideg indukálta, IgM mediálta agglutináció felelős a betegség vaszkuláris tüneteiért (acrocyanosis). A betegség kezelésében B-sejt depléciós és komplentgátló kezelések javasoltak, de nagy, nemzetközi randomizált klinikai vizsgálatok hiányában a kezelésre vonatkozóan csak ajánlások állnak rendelkezésre. Közleményünkben a betegség kivizsgálására és kezelésére vonatkozó ajánlásokat foglaltuk össze.

Open access

LGL-leukémia: Dasatinib mellett molekuláris remisszióban lévő chronikus myeloid leukémia ritka szövődménye a splenomegália hátterében

LGL leukemia: A rare complication of chronic myeloid leukemia in molecular remission with dasatinib in the background of splenomegaly

Hematológia–Transzfuziológia
Authors:
Botond Timár
,
Gábor Szalóki
,
Erik Zajta
,
Imre Bodó
, and
Ágota Szepesi

A nagy granuláris lymphocyta (LGL) leukémia leggyakrabban normál LGL-sejtek expanzióját kiváltó krónikus antigén stimulációt okozó állapotokkal, mint például krónikus vírus infekcióval, autoimmun betegségekkel és elsősorban hematológiai malignitásokkal társul. A bemutatott esetben az LGL-leukémia egy ritka okát, tünetét és diagnosztikai lehetőségeit tárgyaljuk. A várandós nőbetegnél rutin vérvizsgálat során észlelt thrombocytosis és splenomegália hátterében chronikus myeloid leukémia igazolódott. Az interferon terápiával indult kezelést autoimmun pneumonitis miatt, a másodvonalban elindított glivec terápiát pedig súlyos neutropénia és társuló MRSA sepsis miatt kellett elhagyni. Harmadvonalban császármetszés után indított dasatinib terápia 16 hónap elteltével major molekuláris választ eredményezett. A betegség kezdetétől észlelt splenomegalia és neutropenia azonban nem szűnt meg. További kivizsgálás során JAK2, CALR, MPL mutáció nem igazolódott, a beteg a lép biopsziába nem egyezett bele. A splenomegália hátterében végső soron a perifériás vérben észlelt monoclonalis T-LGL-sejtszaporulat és cytotoxikus T-sejtek csontvelői infiltrációja alapján diagnosztizált LGL-leukémia állhat. Míg a klonális LGL lymphocytosis a dasatinib kezeléshez ismerten társuló gyakori jelenség, klinikai tüneteket okozó esetet nem találtunk az irodalomban. Miután az LGL lymphocytosis chronikus myeloid leukémia válaszra kifejtett kedvező hatásáról számolnak be, és betegünknél az LGL-leukémia csak egy könnyen uralható enyhe neutropeniát okozott, így a dasatinib kezelésen egyelőre nem változtattunk.

Open access
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors:
Dominik Gulyás
,
Gábor Kovács
,
István Jankovics
,
Máté Hidvégi
,
Béla Dénes
,
Lilla Kálfalvy-Molnár
,
Rebeka Nagypál
, and
Márta Lőrincz

Abstract

The interplay of regulatory T cells (Tregs) within the tumour microenvironment presents a significant challenge in anticancer immunotherapy. This study investigates the potential of Treg blockade to enhance the efficiency of effector T cells. Two distinct treatment cocktails were examined: 3p-hpRNA (5′ triphosphate hairpin RNA) combined with unmethylated CpG oligonucleotide (CpG); CpG in combination with OX40 receptor-specific monoclonal antibody (anti-OX40). Treatment efficacy was assessed using a murine model of kidney adenocarcinoma.

Renca cells (renal cortical cells with adenocarcinoma) were subcutaneously engrafted in 30 BALB/c mice, then animals were allocated into three treatment groups: Group 1: CpG+anti-OX40, Group 2: CpG+3p-hpRNA, Group 3: untreated control. Treatment efficacy was evaluated based on tumour growth, the occurrence of metastases and overall survival.

On day 28 post-implantation, experiments had to be terminated due to tumour progression. Although comparisons of survival times and primary tumour sizes thus became inconsequential, histological examinations provided valuable insights. We observed distinct variations in primary tumour characteristics among the different groups: Groups 1 and 2 displayed demarcations, while Group 3 exhibited diffuse tumours with necrosis. Lung metastases were evident in 70% of untreated mice, whereas none were observed in either of the treated groups.

Our findings instil confidence in the potential efficacy of the treatments, thereby laying a solid foundation for future investigations.

Open access

Abstract

Dissection of the matter into its constituents leads us to the smallest particles that we know. These particles form a material structure that is determined by the electromagnetic field generated and carried by those particles. Changes in any of the two major constituents leads to changes in that material system, be it a living organism or a lifeless object. The latter statement carries the mystery of life that is born from a continuous and programmed series of system changes fuelled by an energy source with a yet unknown functioning mechanism. The present work is a theoretical approach towards the understanding and potential discovery of the aforementioned, not-yet-known cellular energetic mechanism. Understanding the energetic basis of intracellular biochemistry is equally important in human and animal therapeutics. Additionally, as all such discoveries offer novel solutions in various fields of the global industry, the final outcome of this theoretical work also brings about the idea of a new discovery in electronics industry.

Open access

Abstract

Background and aims

The association between perceived stress (PS) and gaming addiction (GA) is well documented. However, the mechanism for explaining this association remains unclear. Using a genetically informative design, this study aims to distinguish between the diathesis-stress and bio-ecological models of gene by environment interaction (G x E) to explain the underlying mechanism of the relationship.

Methods

In total, 1,468 twins (mean age = 22.6 ± 2.8 years) completed an online survey including the GA and PS scales. Twin correlations for GA and PS were computed and univariate model-fitting analysis was conducted to determine genetic and environmental influences on GA and PS. The bivariate G x E model-fitting analysis was performed to determine the best G x E interaction model.

Results

Additive genetic, shared environmental, and non-shared environmental effects were 0.70 (95%CI = 0.61, 0.77), 0.00, and 0.30 (95%CI = 0.26, 0.33), and 0.38 (95%CI = 0.24, 0.55), 0.35 (95% CI = 0.18, 0.51), and 0.22 (95%CI = 0.20, 0.26) for GA and PS, respectively. Bivariate G x E model-fitting analysis supported the diathesis-stress model, where genetic influences on GA were greater in higher levels of PS, whereas environmental influences on GA were small and constant across levels of PS.

Discussion and conclusions

The evidence for the diathesis-stress model for GA is consistent with the etiological process of many forms of psychopathology. The findings should be incorporated in clinical settings to improve the treatment of GA, and used in developments of intervention and prevention methods for GA.

Open access

Abstract

Purpose

The COVID-19 pandemic has had an enormous negative impact on the psychosomatic status of the general population, and especially of more vulnerable populations, such as older people. The present study aimed to assess changes in psychosomatic status before and after the COVID-19 pandemic among emeritus professors over 70 years of age.

Materials/Methods

A total of 56 emeritus professors aged 77.4 ± 6.1 (74.1% male) participated in the study. The study was conducted between September 2022 and January 2023, after approximately two and a half years of the COVID-19 pandemic. Sociodemographic characteristics, including socioeconomic status, were assessed in the questionnaire, along with active involvement in academic life and healthcare/sports. Physical and mental fatigue were assessed using a self-report questionnaire, and the impact of fatigue on physical and cognitive function was measured using the Fatigue Impact Scale. Participants evaluated their physical/mental fatigue and physical/cognitive function before and after the COVID-19 pandemic.

Results

Among the participating emeritus professors, 15% reported higher levels of physical fatigue (Z = −1.992, P = 0.046, r = 0.28) and mental fatigue (Z = −2.154, P = 0.031, r = 0.31) following the COVID-19 pandemic. A significant difference was found in physical function assessed before and after the COVID-19 pandemic, t(51) = −2.986, P = 0.004, g = 0.22, while cognitive function showed a non-significant difference, t(51) = −1.265, P = 0.212, g = 0.12. After the COVID-19 pandemic, 26.9% of participants reported reduced physical function and 19.2% showed reduced cognitive function. Infection with the COVID-19 virus resulted in increased mental fatigue and reduced cognitive function among the participating emeritus professors.

Conclusion

The COVID-19 pandemic (and the introduction of restrictions on social activities) had a substantial and similar impact on the psychosomatic status of emeritus professors at both medical and sports universities. Furthermore, the reduction in physical and mental/cognitive function was exacerbated in those who were infected by SARS-CoV-2. Importantly, however, the overall impact of the COVID-19 pandemic was smaller in the population of emeritus professors than in the general elderly population. This may be due to the better maintenance of physical and mental activity in the former population, thus emphasising the importance of remaining physically and mentally active in old age, especially in the context of critical life events.

Open access

Cisztás Fibrózis Regiszter és Tuberkulózis Surveillance Rendszer az Országos Korányi Pulmonológiai Intézetben

Cystic Fibrosis Registry and Tuberculosis Surveillance System in the National Korányi Institute for Pulmonology

Orvosi Hetilap
Authors:
Zsuzsa Cselkó
,
Adrien Halász
,
István Gaudi
,
István Zsarnóczay
, and
Krisztina Bogos

A betegségregiszter olyan, népességre vonatkozó nyilvántartási rendszer, amelynek célja, hogy demográfiai és klinikai információk gyűjtésével, elemzésével, hasznosításával segítse az egészségügyi ellátás minőségének javítását. A magyarországi betegségregiszterek létrehozását és működtetését a 49/2018. számú EMMI rendelet szabályozza. Az Országos Korányi Pulmonológiai Intézet eddig alkalmazott, saját fejlesztésű online adatgyűjtő rendszerei – főként a 2010 óta működő Tuberkulózis Surveillance Rendszer – számottevő tapasztalatot eredményeztek a betegségregiszterek kifejlesztése és üzemeltetése terén. E tapasztalatra építve jött létre 2022-ben a Nemzeti Cisztás Fibrózis Regiszter. A közlemény célja, hogy bemutassa az Országos Korányi Pulmonológiai Intézetben működő Nemzeti Cisztás Fibrózis Regiszter és Tuberkulózis Surveillance Rendszer funkcióját és eredményeit. Orv Hetil. 2024; 165(24–25): 965–972.

Open access