Browse our Medical Journals

Among all scientific traditions alive, medical publishing has a good chance to be the oldest. The first fully peer reviewed academic journal, “Medical Essays and Observations” was launched in 1731 by the Royal Society in Edinburgh. Since then, hundreds of medical journals have been published worldwide. Medical publication in Hungary started in 1857 when the famous physician, Markusovszky founded “Orvosi Hetilap”, which has been published since then every week (with short breaks during the world wars). It is now a most prestigious piece in AKJournals’ portfolio, listed in Journal Citation Reports, with a remarkable impact factor.

Discover the latest journals in Medical and Health Sciences

The primary function of medical articles is the validation of cutting-edge theoretical and clinical research, by providing reference and relevant forums. New drugs and medical practices can only enter the mainstream practise if their randomised trials had passed under the critical lens of prestigious peer reviewed journals. Technical reports help practitioners to improve their arsenal. Case reports confirm theories and provide tools for investigating or disclosing possible malpractice. Review articles serve educational purposes. Some more popular articles may play a role in educating the interested audience.

Types of medical articles

The papers published in medical journals can be classified in the following main categories

  • Research articles report about novel research results, of both theoretical and (direct or indirect) practical relevance.
  • Review articles survey specific topics by summarising and analysing all information available in the medical literature. Reviews are kind of combining results from different studies on the same topic. They can be useful for specialists in the field, may help them to prevent, diagnose, or treat a particular disease.
  • Case reports and case series reports about a concrete story of a concrete patient. They can be interesting because of their uniqueness, not matching any known diagnosis or describing unexpected symptoms. The report should describe each of the diagnosis, treatment, the patient’s response to it and the follow-up history. Case series are related reports about similarly treated patients.
  • Editorials are typically not peer reviewed shorter communications from senior members of the Editorial Board or from invited renown scholars. They discuss questions of relevance for the scientific community at the moment (say, about public health, or more generally, the health system).
  • Letters to the editor are articles of the interactive type, a form for readers to contact the medical journal. They can express comments, questions, or criticisms regarding some articles published in that journal. They provide a sophisticated forum for medical communities.

Medical Journals at AKJournals

AKJournals has 9 medical journals. Three of them are in Hungarian. The other six journals are in English and accept submissions from all over the world. Some of them are widely available Open Access journals. The covered topics include immunology, medical imaging, physiology, and veterinary and health care science. In these journals, you can find more than 11.000 medical articles altogether. A filter tool helps to single out the relevant titles. In addition to that, we highly recommend using the search box to find the most important topics only

Medical and Health Sciences

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors: Zohreh Riahi Rad, Zahra Riahi Rad, Hossein Goudarzi, Mehdi Goudarzi, Hesam Alizade, Fariba Naeimi Mazraeh, Javad Yasbolaghi Sharahi, Abdollah Ardebili, and Ali Hashemi

Abstract

Carbapenems are employed to treat infections caused by Gram-negative bacteria including Klebsiella pneumoniae. This research is aimed to perform phenotypic detection of β-lactamases and molecular characterization of NDM-1 positive K. pneumoniae isolates. Another objective is to investigate NDM-1 producing K. pneumoniae among children in Iran. From 2019 to 2020, altogether 60 K. pneumoniae isolates were acquired from various patients in certain Iranian hospitals. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by disk diffusion and broth microdilution methods. In addition, mCIM and eCIM were used to confirm the production of carbapenemases and metallo-beta-lactamases (MBLs), respectively. Detection of resistance genes namely, bla NDM-1, bla IMP, bla VIM, bla KPC, bla OXA-48-like, bla CTX-M, bla SHV, bla TEM, and mcr-1 was performed by PCR and confirmed by DNA sequencing. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was employed to determine the molecular typing of the strains. According to the findings, the highest rate of carbapenem resistance was detected against doripenem 83.3% (50). Moreover, 31.7% (19) were resistant to colistin. Further to the above, altogether 80% (48) were carbapenemase-producing isolates and among them 46.7% (28) of the isolates were MBL and 33.3% (20) isolates were serine β-lactamase producer. According to the PCR results, 14 isolates produced bla NDM-1. Remarkably, four bla NDM-1 positive isolates were detected in children. In addition, these isolates were clonally related as determined by MLST (ST147, ST15). Altogether ten bla NDM-1 positive isolates were ST147 and four bla NDM-1 positive isolates were ST15. Based on the results, the emergence of NDM-producing K. pneumoniae among children is worrying and hence, it is necessary to develop a comprehensive program to control antibiotic resistance in the country.

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Abstract

We aimed to monitor the adverse effects (AE) and efficacy of post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in health care workers (HCWs) exposed to a rabies patient. In this study 109 HCWs and eight household contacts were PEP candidates. Contact persons without infection control precautions were in Group I (high risk-82 cases). HCWs indirectly exposed to environmental surfaces were classified in Group II (low risk-35 cases). PEP schedule was rabies vaccine (RBV) + equine rabies immunoglobulin (eRIG) in Group I and only RBV in Group II. Local and systemic AE were observed in all cases. Efficacy of post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) was determined by rabies development in a six month follow-up. 585 doses of RBV have been used in 117 cases and eRIG has been used in 82 cases. 32 Nurses (39%); 22 emergency medicine technicians (26.8%); 12 doctors (14%); six laboratory technicians (0.07%); six radiology technicians (0.07%); four cleaners (0.05%) were in Group I (82 cases), respectively. One doctor, laboratory technician, nurse and radiology technician (0.02%); two emergency medicine technicians (0.04%) and nine cleaners (25.7%) were in Group II (35 cases), respectively. Routes of transmission were blood in five (0.06%); saliva in 14 (17%); sweat in 50 (61%); CSF/serum in five (0.06%); sexual intercourse in one (0.01%); personal equipment in seven (0.09%) in Group I, respectively. Indirect contact was the only route in Group II. The most common local and systemic AE were seen in Group I; pain at injection side (19 cases) and fever (13 cases). Both of them showed statistically significant difference (P<0.05). Allergic rash has been seen at only one case. PEP failed in one case where the possible exposure way was sexual intercourse. PEP is the safest way to prevent rabies. Infection control precautions were still not enough applied. eRIGs are also safe and have rare AE.

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Abstract

Infection of the urinary tract ranks as one of the most common infections affecting people worldwide and its treatment is made complicated by the rising incidence of antibiotic resistance. This study aimed to detect extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) genes and antibiotic resistance profile of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) recovered from patients attending a University Teaching hospital in Nigeria. Uropathogenic E. coli isolates were obtained from the culture collection of Department of Microbiology and Parasitology of the University Teaching hospital for a period of four months (October 2019–January, 2020). Antibiotic susceptibility testing was done using the disc diffusion method while phenotypic ESBL production was detected using double disc synergy test (DDST). Detection of β-lactamase genes was done using Real-Time PCR. Forty-nine E. coli isolates were recovered from 120 urine samples, with 24 (49%) being ESBL positive. The resistance to antibiotics in the ESBL producers was: ciprofloxacin (100%), cefotaxime (100%), cefpodoxime (100%), tetracycline (95.7%), ceftazidime (56.7%), amoxicillin-clavulanate (50%), gentamicin (33.3%), and imipenem (0%). All the ESBL producers carried bla TEM, bla CTX-M-1 and bla CTX-M-9, 75% (18/24) carried bla SHV, while bla CTX-M-2, bla CTX-M-8 and bla CTX-M-25 groups were detected in 20.8% (5/24) of the isolates. There was co-occurrence of CTX-M, SHV and TEM β-lactamases in 79.2% (19/24) isolates, while five isolates (20.8%) co-harbored bla CTX-M and bla TEM. This study showed a high level of multidrug resistance and ESBL gene carriage in uropathogenic E. coli obtained in this study, suggesting a likely review of therapeutic options in the treatment of UTI to clamp down on the rising cases of antibiotic resistance.

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Imaging
Authors: Máté Magyar, Tibor Glasz, Tekla Kovács, András Bálint Deák, Pál Maurovich-Horvat, and Balázs Futácsi

Abstract

Gastroparesis, a form of gastrointestinal dysfunction and the increased risk for aspiration pneumonia are well known complications in patients with Parkinson’s disease. In our case report we demonstrate the case of an 83-year-old, bedridden male patient with Parkinson’s disease, who had a slowly progressing stomach dilation, gradually pushing the otherwise normal liver to a highly unusual craniodorsally rotated position.

Open access
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Supissara Wongsuttawas, Pasakorn Brikshavana, Sumit Durongphongtorn, and Somporn Techangamsuwan

Abstract

Haemangioma (HA) and haemangiosarcoma (HSA) are among the most common splenic neoplasms in dogs. The survival time in splenic HSA is short, probably due to the lack of proper biological markers allowing early detection. We investigated the serum angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) concentrations in 9 healthy dogs and 40 dogs with abnormal splenic masses. The Ang-2 concentration differences were further compared in healthy dogs, dogs with splenitis, splenic HA and HSA. The results showed that the Ang-2 level in healthy dogs was significantly lower than in the splenitis and splenic HA cases. Moreover, the Ang-2 level was significantly higher in splenic HA than in splenic HSA. Conversely, no significant differences in Ang-2 level were recorded between healthy and splenic HSA dogs, and between splenitis and splenic neoplasms (HA and HSA). No significant correlations were observed between the Ang-2 level and (i) the clinical stage, (ii) histological growth pattern, and (iii) median survival time of splenic HSA dogs. In conclusion, serum Ang-2 concentration is a potentially useful biological marker for the discrimination of dogs with splenitis and splenic HA, as well as for the differentiation of splenic HA from its malignant form, HSA.

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Abstract

Robinsoniella peoriensis is a gram-positive, spore-forming, anaerobic rod. In our study, we isolated R. peoriensis from an open fracture of the left distal tibia of a three-year-old male patient. Tissue anaerobic culture was positive for R. peoriensis. It was identified with both matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and confirmed via 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The patient responded to ampicillin-sulbactam and amikacin antibiotic therapy. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing should be performed to guide the choice of treatment. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of R. peoriensis osteomyelitis in a pediatric patient and first report from Turkey.

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Összefoglaló. Bevezetés: A csípőtáji törések jelentősen terhelik az egészségügyi ellátórendszereket. Magyarországon 13 000–15 000 beteg szenved évente csípőtáji törést, jelentős részük műtéten is átesik. A betegek túlélését vizsgálták a EuroHOPE és BRIDGE kutatások, amelyek a Nemzeti Egészségbiztosítási Alapkezelőnek a finanszírozási célból gyűjtött, esetszintű adataira támaszkodtak. Az ilyen jellegű adatok megbízhatóságát több kutatás vizsgálta eltérő eredményekkel, ezért a további vizsgálatok előtt szükségesnek tartottuk a csípőtáji törésekre vonatkozóan is ellenőrizni őket. Célkitűzés: Egy magyarországi kórház reprezentatívan kiválasztott eseteinek vizsgálatán keresztül annak megállapítása, hogy a finanszírozási adatbázis adatai megfelelnek-e a betegdokumentációban rögzített adatoknak. Módszer: Egy magyarországi kórházba 2015-ben csípőtáji töréssel felvett betegek kórlapjainak anonim, reprezentatív mintáját összevetettük a EuroHOPE és BRIDGE kutatások adatbázisával tíz különböző adatelemre vonatkozóan. Az adatbázisokat rekordszinten párosítottuk, az egyezést adatelemre és rekordra vonatkozóan néztük. Eredmények: A reprezentatív minta 259 esetet tartalmazott. Az adatbázisok összevetése során nem találtunk eltérést a beteg neme, életkora, ápolást indokló fődiagnózisa és az osztályról történő távozás dátuma esetén. Egy eltérést találtunk az osztályos felvétel dátumában, a műtét dátumában öt darabot. A beteg további sorsa esetén tíz eltérést találtunk. A műtéttípusok esetén is alacsony mértékű (2–4 eset) eltérést tapasztaltunk. Jelentős mértékű eltérést a társbetegségek és a szövődmények esetén találtunk. Következtetés: Eredményeink alapján további vizsgálatokhoz felhasználhatók az alfanumerikus kódokat, számokat vagy dátumokat tartalmazó mezők (például fődiagnózis, felvételi és távozási dátumok), a társbetegségekre és a szövődményekre vonatkozó adatok azonban nem alkalmazhatók mélyebb elemzések során. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(18): 712–719.

Summary. Introduction: Hip fractures pose a heavy burden on healthcare systems. In Hungary, 13 000–15 000 patients experience hip fractures, most of them undergo surgery. Their survival was examined by the EuroHOPE and BRIDGE studies, using patient level data from the National Health Insurance Fund. Data from healthcare financing reports have been examined worldwide, with contradicting results, so we considered it necessary to observe data validity for hip fractures before further analysis. Objective: The aim of our study was to observe a representative sample of patient records in a Hungarian hospital in order to validate the finance reports. Method: We matched a representative sample of hip fracture patient records in a Hungarian hospital with hip fractures in 2015 with the database of the EuroHOPE and BRIDGE studies. The databases were matched on record level, the analysis included ten data fields and was conducted for data fields and records. Results: The sample included 259 cases. No differences were observed in the patients’ gender, age and main diagnosis, or dates of discharge. One difference was observed in the dates of admission, and 5 in the dates of surgery. Minor differences were found in the types of surgery (2–4 cases), but the differences between the databases in comorbidities and complications were large. Conclusion: Based on our results, we can conclude that data fields containing alphanumeric codes, numbers or dates (e.g., main diagnosis, admission, discharge and surgery dates) can be used for further analysis, but comorbidity and complication data are not recommended for research purposes. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(18): 712–719.

Open access
Orvosi Hetilap
Authors: Miklós Pólos, Roland Stengl, Cristina-Maria Şulea, Kálmán Benke, Elektra Bartha, Bence Ágg, Ádám Koppányi, István Hartyánszky, Andrea Székely, Endre Németh, Attila Kovács, Béla Merkely, and Zoltán Szabolcs

Összefoglaló. Bevezetés: A Marfan-szindróma autoszomális domináns módon öröklődő, szisztémás kötőszöveti betegség. A hosszú távú túlélés szempontjából fontos a nagyérkatasztrófák megelőzése. Szívsebészeti szempontból a legfontosabb elváltozás az aortagyök tágulata. Aortagyök-rekonstrukciós beavatkozásaink Bentall–DeBono-, David I. és módosított Yacoub-műtétek, melyek mind preventív jelleggel, mind dissectio esetén jó eredménnyel végezhetők. Célkitűzés: A marfanos betegeknél eltérő technikával végzett aortagyök-rekonstrukciós műtéteink összehasonlítása. Módszer: A Semmelweis Egyetem Városmajori Szív- és Érgyógyászati Klinikáján 1993 és 2020 között Marfan-szindrómásoknál elvégzett Bentall–DeBono-, David I. és módosított Yacoub-féle aortagyök-rekonstrukciókat elemeztük. A műtét szerinti csoportok életkora a beavatkozás idején 29,69 (21,98–41,25) év, 29,15 ± 11,99 év és 35,29 ± 14,14 év volt, a fenti sorrendben. Az adatok forrásául a Magyar Marfan Regiszter és az Aortagyök-rekonstrukciós Regiszter szolgált. Eredmények: Az utánkövetési idő 132 ± 81,04 hónap volt a Bentall-, 76 ± 27,77 hónap a David-, valamint 4,5 (0,75–11,75) hónap a Yacoub-műtét esetén. A David- és a Yacoub-beavatkozások gyakrabban voltak profilaktikusak, mint a Bentall-operációk (p = 0,0153; p = 0,0085). A Bentall-műtéteknél ritkább volt a primer műtét esetleges későbbi elégtelenségéből fakadó reoperáció, mint a David-operációknál (p<0,001). David-beavatkozásnál a Bentall-műtéthez képest hosszabb volt a cardiopulmonaris bypass (p = 0,0013) és az aortalefogás ideje (p = 0,0048), valamint David- és Yacoub-műtét esetén gyakrabban lépett fel korai posztoperatív szövődmény, mint Bentall-operációnál (p = 0,0005; p = 0,0037). A késői szövődmények és a túlélés tekintetében a csoportok nem különböztek. Következtetés: Marfan-szindrómában a leggyakrabban halált okozó szövődmény az akut aortaruptura, illetve akut aortadissectio. Eredményeink alapján mindhárom profilaktikus aortagyök-rekonstrukciós műtéti típus jól reprodukálható és jó eredménnyel végezhető Marfan-szindrómában. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(18): 696–704.

Summary. Introduction: Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant, systemic connective tissue disorder. Preventing vascular complications is essential for long-term survival. Aortic dilation is the main cardiac surgical manifestation. Bentall–DeBono, David I and modified Yacoub aortic root reconstructions treat and prevent aortic dissections with great outcomes. Objective: Comparing results of aortic root reconstructions in Marfan syndrome. Method: We analysed the data of Bentall–DeBono, David I and modified Yacoub operations performed in Marfan syndrome at the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University between 1993 and 2020. Ages of surgical groups at the time of operation were 29.69 (21.98–41.25) years, 29.15 ± 11.99 years and 35.29 ± 14.14 years, respectively. Data were obtained from the Hungarian Marfan Register and the Aortic Root Reconstruction Register. Results: Follow-up time was 132 ± 81.04 months for Bentall, 76 ± 27.77 months for David and 4.5 (0.75–11.75) months for Yacoub groups. David and Yacoub operations were prophylactic more frequently than Bentall ones (p = 0.0153; p = 0.0085). Freedom from reoperation after primary surgery insufficiency was more common for Bentall than for David procedure (p<0.001). Compared to Bentall, David surgeries required longer cardiopulmonary bypass (p = 0.0013) and aortic cross clamp time (p = 0.0048), more early postoperative complications occurred after David and Yacoub, than after Bentall operations (p = 0.0005; p = 0.0037). Late complications and survival did not differ among the groups. Conclusion: In Marfan syndrome, acute aortic rupture and dissection are the main contributors to mortality. Based on our results, the prophylactic aortic root reconstructions are reproducible and can be performed with great outcomes. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(18): 696–704.

Open access
Orvosi Hetilap
Authors: Kriszta Katinka Boros, Kata Kelen, György Reusz, Péter Sallay, Attila Szabó, and Antal Dezsőfi

Összefoglaló. A gyulladásos bélbetegség (inflammatory bowel disease, IBD) incidenciája folyamatosan nő, etiológiája egyelőre ismeretlen. Kezelésében gyakran alkalmazunk immunszuppresszív, illetve immunmoduláns szereket. Egyes esetekben azonban szolidszerv-transzplantációt követően, folyamatos immunszuppresszív kezelés mellett is megfigyelhető de novo IBD kialakulása. Célunk az volt, hogy Klinikánk beteganyagából összesítsük azon eseteket, amelyekben szolid szerv (máj, vese, tüdő) transzplantációját követően de novo IBD alakult ki. A transzplantációt megelőzően szklerotizáló cholangitis miatt gondozott betegeket kizártuk. A Klinikánkon gondozott, szolid szerv transzplantációján (179 máj, 197 vese, 29 tüdő) átesett betegek közül 4 (2 máj- és 2 vesetranszplantált) gyermeknél alakult ki de novo IBD. A transzplantációhoz vezető alapbetegségek biliaris atresia, polycystás vese és Denys–Drash-szindróma voltak. A transzplantációt követő immunszuppresszív terápia mind a 4 esetben tartalmazott szisztémásszteroid- és takrolimuszkezelést, emellett 3 esetben mikofenolát-mofetil (MMF)-terápiát is. A kivizsgálást indikáló főbb tünetek a haematochesia, hasmenés, fáradékonyság és fogyás voltak. A családi anamnézis 1 esetben volt pozitív. A de novo IBD diagnózisának felállítását követően mind a 4 betegnél az addigi immunszuppressziós terápia módosításra került. Összességében elmondható, hogy a szolidszerv-transzplantációt követő de novo IBD kialakulása ritka, etiológiája tisztázatlan. Az irodalom felveti az alkalmazott immunszuppresszív szerek (takrolimusz és MMF), illetve infekciók etiológiai szerepét, de az is felmerül, hogy a de novo IBD olyan önálló entitás, mely elkülönül a klasszikus IBD kategóriáitól. Klinikai szempontból fontos a tünetek hátterében álló betegség tisztázása, hiszen a prezentációs tüneteknek megfelelő, a differenciáldiagnosztika során felmerülő egyéb betegségek terápiája merőben eltér. A megfelelő terápia hozzájárulhat a transzplantált betegek morbiditásának és mortalitásának csökkentéséhez. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(18): 720–726.

Summary. The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing, however, the aetiology is still unknown. The therapy consists of immunosuppressants and immunomodulators. In some cases, despite the continuous immunosuppressant therapy, de novo IBD develops. Our aim was to evaluate patients diagnosed with de novo IBD after solid organ (liver, kidney, or lung) transplantation. Patients treated with sclerosing cholangitis prior to liver transplantation were excluded. 4 patients (two kidney and two liver transplants) were diagnosed with de novo IBD. The underlying diseases leading to transplantation were biliary atresia, polycystic kidney, and Denys–Drash syndrome. All patients received systemic steroid and tacrolimus treatment, and 3 patients (2 kidney and 1 liver transplant) also received mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). The main symptoms indicative of de novo IBD were haematochezia, diarrhoea, fatigue, and weight loss. Family history for IBD was positive in 1 case. Following the diagnosis of IBD, immunosuppressive therapy was modified. Overall, the development of de novo IBD following solid organ transplantation is quite rare, and its aetiology is unknown. According to the literature, immunosuppressants (tacrolimus and MMF) and infections play a role in the pathomechanism, but it seems that de novo IBD is a separate entity from the classical IBD categories. From a clinical point of view, it is important to elucidate the underlying disease of the symptoms, as the treatment of other diseases that arise during differential diagnosis according to the presentation symptoms is very different. Appropriate therapy can help reduce morbidity and mortality in transplant patients. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(18): 720–726.

Open access