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  • Author or Editor: Bálint Baranyai x
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Abstract

With the rapid importance of high-performance energy modeling of buildings, whole-building energy simulation engines are rapidly used in the decision-making process. However, there are tens of engines in the market, which makes the choice of design engine very challenging. This article provides a comparison of the applications of whole-building energy simulation to predict a significant number of systems. As a result, the selected engines will be compared to establish their characteristics and abilities. Nevertheless, the focus will be placed on: generic criteria; envelope; lighting; service hot water; Heating-ventilation; and renewable systems. However, the authors found that an engine could be used extensively in one system and has limited capabilities in another system.

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The energy consumption of residential buildings represents the majority part of energy usage in Egypt. The aim of this study is to assess the energy performance of a dwelling in New Minia City, Egypt through different orientations. The energy consumption of the case study building is 52560 kWh annually. However, this energy demand could be reduced by 5.8% if the building is oriented to the north direction. The difference of the energy consumption between the best and the worst building orientations, North and South, respectively, reached up to 7.5%. The location of the actual building has a noticeable effect on the energy consumption.

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Abstract:

Day-lighting studies in buildings play a major role in indoor environmental investigation and can be conducted at the early stages of building design. Window position significantly affects day-lighting performance. This paper assessed the impacts of the window position on the visual comfort through two main factors; daylight factor and light uniformity in the hot and dry climate zone. In this study different window positions have been examined to achieve optimal visual comfort, using a dynamic simulation through Vi-suit plugin for Blender 3D software that controls the external application Radiance software. The results revealed that the window position at sill start from 1.4 m of a room characterized by (4.30 m × 3.00 m × 3.00 m) is the best compromising solution that complies with the daylight factor and light uniformity standards in the indoor environment. The findings of this study provide a more detailed and comprehensive analysis of the window design for architects/designers in the early building design stages in the hot and dry climate region.

Open access
Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Mohammad Reza Ganjali Bonjar
,
Kristóf Roland Horváth
,
Bálint Baranyai
, and
István Kistelegdi

Abstract

The purpose of this research is the application of a passive design strategy for office buildings, the wall-window-ratio optimization under moderate climate. A simplified thermal and lighting simulation model of an office research building served as reference testbed for thermal comfort, daylight factor and illuminance as well as heating, cooling and lighting energy demand assessment. These six performance types of similarly oriented room groups are evaluated via a self-developed weighting process to determine the orientation dependent optimal wall-window-ratio of all room groups. This multi objective optimization applies in a broad range of office buildings under moderate climate.

Open access
Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Mohammad Reza Ganjali Bonjar
,
Bálint Baranyai
,
Kristóf Roland Horváth
, and
István Kistelegdi

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present a solution for optimizing the operation of the Szentágothai Research Center. This building has several different functions at a high degree, so it can represent most of the difficulties in achieving an ideal level of operation energy consumption while assuring an adequate comfort level.

As a first stage of a generic office building optimization research, a monitored reference building of common type was chosen. Various active operation optimization experiments were carried out. The successive reduction of operation intensity and schedules resulted in 63.3% operation energy savings. The results provide considerable potential in generic office design applications.

Open access
Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Chu Xiaohui
,
Ganjali Bonjar Mohammad Reza
,
Gantumur Tsovoodavaa
,
Rowell Ray Lim Shih
, and
Balint Baranyai

Along with its rapid growth in economy, the protection of heritage buildings has recently gained importance and awareness in China. This paper investigates the energy performance of a heritage building (Wang’s House) in Shanghai, as well as the thermal comfort of the users, using dynamic thermal simulations. The analysis showed that heating accounts as the highest energy demand, followed by cooling and lighting. The resulting study will help the authors to identify various sustainable strategies to improve users comfort as well as reduce the energy demand of heritage buildings in China.

Open access