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  • Author or Editor: Feng Zhao x
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Abstract  

After an acute exposure to lanthanum chloride, the pharmacokinetics of calcium uptake in rats was studied by radioactive 47Ca tracer. The accumulated doses of calcium in the left femurs during 24 hours were determined. The results showed that the area under the curves (AUC), specific activity of maximal blood 47Ca concentration (C max), distribution rate constant (K a) and the accumulated dose of calcium in the left femur decreased while time to C max (T peak) increased with the rising dosage of lanthanum exposure. It indicated that lanthanum expose had a negative effect on calcium absorption.

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High molecular weight (HMW) glutenin subunits are important seed storage proteins in wheat and its related species. Novel HMWglutenin subunits in Aegilops tauschii accession of TA2484 were detected and characterized. SDS-PAGE analysis revealed the y-type subunit from TA2484 displayed similar electrophoretic mobility compared to that of 1Dy12 subunit. However, the electrophoretic mobility of x-type subunit was faster than that of 1Dx2 subunit. The primary structure of the two cloned subunits from TA2484 was similar to that of the x- and y-type subunits reported before. However, the 148 residues of the x-type subunit, which contained the sequence element GHCPTSLQQ, in the middle of the repetitive domain was quite different from other x-type subunits. Moreover, the 68 residues in this region were identical to those of the y-type subunits from the same accession. Consequently, 1Dx2.3*t (x-type subunit of TA2484) contains an extra cystenin residue located at the repetitive domain, which is novel compared to the x-type subunits reported so far. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that two subunits from accession TA2484 were in the x- and y-type subunit cluster, but bootstrapping value of 100% gave high support for the spilt between two subunits (1Dx2.3*t and 1Dy12.3*t) and their alleles, respectively. A hypothesis on the genetic mechanism generating this novel sequence of 1Dx2.3*t subunit is suggested.

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Abstract  

The liquid-liquid extraction behavior of octyldodecylsulfoxide (ODoSO) towards uranium(VI), contained in nitric acid aqueous solution, has been investigated. It was found that the extraction increased with increasing nitric acid concentration up to 2.0 mol/l and then decreased. Extraction also increases with increasing extractant concentration. The extracted species appears to be UO2(NO3)2 .2ODoSO. The influences of temperature, sodium nitrate and oxalate concentrations on the extraction were also investigated and the thermodynamic functions of the extraction reaction were obtained.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to simulate the early age concrete behaviors and evaluate the cracking risk with the thermal and thermal stress analysis. A new finite element method program associated with ANSYS program is developed for the computation of thermal field and thermal stress field for early age concrete considering the following characters: degree of hydration, thermal properties (such as specific heat, thermal diffusivity), thermal boundary conditions, and mechanical properties (such as shrinkage, creep) which occur at early age. The results from simulation compared with experimental values found in the literature show a good agreement. Finally, based on this user-developed subroutine, the effects of hydration heat, ambient temperature, wind velocity, shrinkage, and length-height ratio on cracking risk were analyzed for a concrete wall which is one part of the structure of Maridal culvert in Norway. By which, the measures to control the cracking were provided for the engineering application.

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Abstract

A heterogeneous photo-Fenton catalyst was prepared using the complex tris(1,10)-phenanthroline iron(II) loaded on the NaY type of zeolite. The catalyst displayed a feature of the photo-Fenton degradation of methylene blue, and a linear relationship between ln(C0/Ct) and reaction time was obtained, indicating the kinetic characteristics of a pseudo first-order reaction. The repeated cyclic experiments showed that the heterogeneous catalyst was stable and recoverable. Compared with the traditional homogeneous Fenton reagent, the heterogeneous catalyst has the advantage in the neutral or weakly basic medium used because the active component tris(1,10)-phenanthroline iron(II) is a stable chelate compound. The photo-Fenton degradation pathway for methylene blue was given based on the mass spectral data.

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The objective of this work was to research the antibacterial effects of orange pigment, which was separated from Monascus pigments, against Staphylococcus aureus. The increase of the diameter of inhibition zone treated with orange pigment indicated that orange pigment had remarkable antibacterial activities against S. aureus. Orange pigment (10 mg ml−1) had a strong destructive effect on the membrane and structure of S. aureus by the analysis of scanning electron microscopy as well as transmission electron microscopy. Sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) further demonstrated that the cell membrane was seriously damaged by orange pigment, which resulted in the leakage of protein from S. aureus cells. A significant decrease in the synthesis of DNA was also seen in S. aureus cells exposed to 10 mg ml−1 orange pigment. All in all, orange pigment showed excellent antibacterial effects against S. aureus.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Li Bai Xiao, Xiao Ling Xing, Xue Zhong Fan, Feng Qi Zhao, Zhi Ming Zhou, Hai Feng Huang, Ting An, Hai Xia Hao, and Qing Pei

Abstract

The enthalpies of dissolution for di(N,N-di(2,4,6,-trinitrophenyl)amino)-ethylenediamine (DTAED) in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and N-methyl pyrrolidone (NMP) were measured using a RD496-2000 Calvet microcalorimeter at 298.15 K. Empirical formulae for the calculation of the enthalpies of dissolution (Δdiss H) were obtained from the experimental data of the dissolution processes of DTAED in DMSO and NMP. The linear relationships between the rate (k) and the amount of substance (a) were found. The corresponding kinetic equations describing the two dissolution processes were for the dissolution of DTAED in DMSO, and for the dissolution of DTAED in NMP, respectively.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Yalan Liu, Liyong Yuan, Yali Yuan, Jianhui Lan, Zijie Li, Yixiao Feng, Yuliang Zhao, Zhifang Chai, and Weiqun Shi

Abstract  

Uranium is one of the most hazardous heavy metal due to its long half-life radioactivity, high toxicity and mobility as aqueous uranyl ion (UO2 2+) under ordinary environmental conditions. Herein, amino functionalized SBA-15 (APSS) was developed as a rapid and efficient sorbent for removal of U(VI) from the environment. The APSS sample was synthesized by grafting method and was characterized by SEM, NMR, SAXS, and N2 sorption/desorption isothermal experiments. The sorption of U(VI) by APSS was investigated under different conditions of pH, contact time, initial U(VI) concentration, ionic strength and solid–liquid ratio. The results show that the sorption of U(VI) by APSS is strongly dependent on pH but independent of ionic strength and solid–liquid ratios (m/V). The sorption is ultrafast with an equilibrium time of less than 30 min, and the sorption capacity is as large as 409 mg/g at pH 5.3 ± 0.1. Besides, the U(VI) sorption by APSS from extremely diluted solution and the desorption of U(VI) from APSS were also studied. It is found that 100 mg of APSS can almost completely remove the U(VI) ions from 4 L aqueous solution with the U(VI) concentration as low as 4.2 ppb and the sorbed U(VI) can be completely desorbed by 0.1 mol/L nitric acid. The results strongly reveal the high performance of the APSS material in the removal and preconcentration of U(VI) from the aqueous solution.

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To comprehensively understand the genetic basis of plant height (PH), quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis for internode lengths, internode component indices and plant height component index (PHCI) were firstly conducted in the present study. Two related F8:9 recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations comprising 485 and 229 lines were used. Two hundred and nine putative additive QTL for the eight traits were identified, 35 of which showed significance in at least three trials. Of these, at least 11 pairwise QTL were common to the two populations. PH components at the QTL level had different effects on PH, confirming our previous multivariate conditional analysis (Cui et al. 2011). Eleven major QTL that showed consistency in expression across environments should be of great value in the genetic improvement of PH in wheat. The results above will enhance the understanding of the genetic basis of PH in wheat.

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Scientometrics
Authors: Jun-Ying Fu, Xu Zhang, Yun-Hua Zhao, He-Feng Tong, Dar-Zen Chen, and Mu-Hsuan Huang

Abstract

Acupuncture, the most important nonpharmacological therapy in traditional Chinese medicine, has attracted significant attention since its introduction to the Western world. This study employs bibliometric analysis to examine the profile of publication activity related to it. The data are retrieved from the database of Science Citation Index Expanded during 1980–2009, and 7,592 papers are identified for analysis. This study finds that almost 20 % of papers are published in CAM journals, and the average cited times per acupuncture paper is 8.69. While the most cited article has been cited 2,109 times, however, 38.15 % of total publications have never been cited. Europe has the largest amount of authored papers with high h-index values; the USA has the largest number of publications on and citations of acupuncture based on country distribution, and this has continued as a significant rising trend. The proportion of collaborative papers shows this upward trend on the worldwide scale while the percentage shares of national collaborations are the highest. The USA produces the most international collaborative documents, although South Korea occupies the highest percentage figure for international collaborative papers. International collaborative papers are the most frequently cited. The average number of authors per paper is 3.69 in the top eight countries/regions. Papers contributed by South Korea are authored by the most people. International collaboration papers are authored by more people, except in Taiwan. South Korea's Kyung Hee University is ranked first in terms of number of papers while Harvard University in the USA accounts for the largest proportion of citations. The University of Exeter, Harvard University and Karolinska Institute have the highest h-index values.

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