Authors:Y. Zhao, C. Zhang, C. Qi, S. Feng, G. You, Z. Fu, F. Guo, and R. Wang
Two peptide ligands conjugated adenine, [9-N-(tritylmercapto acetyl diglycyl aminoethyl) adenine, Tr-MAG2-Ade] and [9-N-(tritylmercapto acetyl triglycyl aminoethyl) adenine, Tr-MAG3-Ade], are synthesized and labeled with 99mTc by directly labeling method. The stability of 99mTc-MAG2-adenine and 99mTc-MAG3-adenine in vitro is measured. The uptake radios of tumor to muscle at 3h post-injection are 5.70 and 4.92, respectively.
The biodistribution and scintigraphic imaging studies show that the two complexes have high localization in tumor and high
contrasted tumor images can be obtained, which suggest their potential utility as tumor imaging agents. But the high radioactivity
of abdomen could prevent the tumor imaging in this area.
Authors:B. Feng, Z.B. Xu, X. Wang, F. Jiang, G.J. Zhao, C. Xiang, and T. Wang
High molecular weight (HMW) glutenin subunits are important seed storage proteins in wheat and its related species. Novel HMWglutenin subunits in Aegilops tauschii accession of TA2484 were detected and characterized. SDS-PAGE analysis revealed the y-type subunit from TA2484 displayed similar electrophoretic mobility compared to that of 1Dy12 subunit. However, the electrophoretic mobility of x-type subunit was faster than that of 1Dx2 subunit. The primary structure of the two cloned subunits from TA2484 was similar to that of the x- and y-type subunits reported before. However, the 148 residues of the x-type subunit, which contained the sequence element GHCPTSLQQ, in the middle of the repetitive domain was quite different from other x-type subunits. Moreover, the 68 residues in this region were identical to those of the y-type subunits from the same accession. Consequently, 1Dx2.3*t (x-type subunit of TA2484) contains an extra cystenin residue located at the repetitive domain, which is novel compared to the x-type subunits reported so far. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that two subunits from accession TA2484 were in the x- and y-type subunit cluster, but bootstrapping value of 100% gave high support for the spilt between two subunits (1Dx2.3*t and 1Dy12.3*t) and their alleles, respectively. A hypothesis on the genetic mechanism generating this novel sequence of 1Dx2.3*t subunit is suggested.
Authors:C. Zhang, Y. Zhao, S. Feng, C. Qi, Z. Fu, F. Guo, and R. Wang
To increase the tumor uptake of Val-Gly-Gly (VGG), adenine was introduced into the peptide. N-mercaptoacetyl-VGG-adenine (MAVGG-adenine)
and MAVGG were labeled with 99mTc using a solution of SnCl2 and tartaric acid as reducing agent. Biodistribution in mice bearing the S180 tumor was measured and γ imaging was performed.
Compared with MAVGG, adenine conjugated MAVGG had higher tumor uptake and tumor to normal tissue ratios, which suggested that
the tumor uptake property of a peptide may be improved by introducing a nucleotide base. The high contrasted tumor images
of 99mTc-MAVGG-adenine also suggested its potential utility as tumor imaging agent.
Authors:Shengxing Wu, Donghui Huang, Feng-Bao Lin, Haitao Zhao, and Panxiu Wang
The purpose of this study is to simulate the early age concrete behaviors and evaluate the cracking risk with the thermal and thermal stress analysis. A new finite element method program associated with ANSYS program is developed for the computation of thermal field and thermal stress field for early age concrete considering the following characters: degree of hydration, thermal properties (such as specific heat, thermal diffusivity), thermal boundary conditions, and mechanical properties (such as shrinkage, creep) which occur at early age. The results from simulation compared with experimental values found in the literature show a good agreement. Finally, based on this user-developed subroutine, the effects of hydration heat, ambient temperature, wind velocity, shrinkage, and length-height ratio on cracking risk were analyzed for a concrete wall which is one part of the structure of Maridal culvert in Norway. By which, the measures to control the cracking were provided for the engineering application.
Authors:X. He, Z. Zhang, L. Feng, Z. Li, J. Yang, Y. Zhao, and Z. Chai
After an acute exposure to lanthanum chloride, the pharmacokinetics of calcium uptake in rats was studied by radioactive 47Ca tracer. The accumulated doses of calcium in the left femurs during 24 hours were determined. The results showed that the
area under the curves (AUC), specific activity of maximal blood 47Ca concentration (Cmax), distribution rate constant (Ka) and the accumulated dose of calcium in the left femur decreased while time to Cmax (Tpeak) increased with the rising dosage of lanthanum exposure. It indicated that lanthanum expose had a negative effect on calcium
Authors:L.H. Feng, Y.Q. Li, G.J. Sun, and X.Z. Zhao
The objective of this work was to research the antibacterial effects of orange pigment, which was separated from Monascus pigments, against Staphylococcus aureus. The increase of the diameter of inhibition zone treated with orange pigment indicated that orange pigment had remarkable antibacterial activities against S. aureus. Orange pigment (10 mg ml−1) had a strong destructive effect on the membrane and structure of S. aureus by the analysis of scanning electron microscopy as well as transmission electron microscopy. Sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) further demonstrated that the cell membrane was seriously damaged by orange pigment, which resulted in the leakage of protein from S. aureus cells. A significant decrease in the synthesis of DNA was also seen in S. aureus cells exposed to 10 mg ml−1 orange pigment. All in all, orange pigment showed excellent antibacterial effects against S. aureus.
Authors:Li Bai Xiao, Xiao Ling Xing, Xue Zhong Fan, Feng Qi Zhao, Zhi Ming Zhou, Hai Feng Huang, Ting An, Hai Xia Hao, and Qing Pei
The enthalpies of dissolution for di(N,N-di(2,4,6,-trinitrophenyl)amino)-ethylenediamine (DTAED) in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and N-methyl pyrrolidone (NMP) were measured using a RD496-2000 Calvet microcalorimeter at 298.15 K. Empirical formulae for the calculation of the enthalpies of dissolution (ΔdissH) were obtained from the experimental data of the dissolution processes of DTAED in DMSO and NMP. The linear relationships between the rate (k) and the amount of substance (a) were found. The corresponding kinetic equations describing the two dissolution processes were for the dissolution of DTAED in DMSO, and for the dissolution of DTAED in NMP, respectively.
Authors:Yalan Liu, Liyong Yuan, Yali Yuan, Jianhui Lan, Zijie Li, Yixiao Feng, Yuliang Zhao, Zhifang Chai, and Weiqun Shi
Uranium is one of the most hazardous heavy metal due to its long half-life radioactivity, high toxicity and mobility as aqueous
uranyl ion (UO22+) under ordinary environmental conditions. Herein, amino functionalized SBA-15 (APSS) was developed as a rapid and efficient
sorbent for removal of U(VI) from the environment. The APSS sample was synthesized by grafting method and was characterized
by SEM, NMR, SAXS, and N2 sorption/desorption isothermal experiments. The sorption of U(VI) by APSS was investigated under different conditions of
pH, contact time, initial U(VI) concentration, ionic strength and solid–liquid ratio. The results show that the sorption of
U(VI) by APSS is strongly dependent on pH but independent of ionic strength and solid–liquid ratios (m/V). The sorption is ultrafast with an equilibrium time of less than 30 min, and the sorption capacity is as large as 409 mg/g
at pH 5.3 ± 0.1. Besides, the U(VI) sorption by APSS from extremely diluted solution and the desorption of U(VI) from APSS
were also studied. It is found that 100 mg of APSS can almost completely remove the U(VI) ions from 4 L aqueous solution with
the U(VI) concentration as low as 4.2 ppb and the sorbed U(VI) can be completely desorbed by 0.1 mol/L nitric acid. The results
strongly reveal the high performance of the APSS material in the removal and preconcentration of U(VI) from the aqueous solution.
Authors:Jian-Hua Yi, Feng-Qi Zhao, Ying-Hui Ren, Si-Yu Xu, Hai-Xia Ma, and Rong-Zu Hu
The thermal decomposition mechanism of hydrazine 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one (HNTO) compound was studied by means of differential
scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetry and derivative thermogravimetry (TG-DTG), and the coupled simultaneous techniques
of in situ thermolysis cell with rapid scan Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (in situ thermolysis/RSFTIR). The thermal
decomposition mechanism is proposed. The quantum chemical calculation on HNTO was carried out at B3LYP level with 6-31G+(d)
basis set. The results show that HNTO has two exothermic decomposition reaction stages: nitryl group break first away from
HNTO molecule, then hydrazine group break almost simultaneously away with carbonyl group, accompanying azole ring breaking
in the first stage, and the reciprocity of fragments generated from the decomposition reaction is appeared in the second one.
The C–N bond strength sequence in the pentabasic ring (shown in Scheme 1) can be obtained from the quantum chemical calculation as: C3–N4 > N2–C3 > N4–C5 > N1–C5. The weakest bond in NTO− is N7–C3. N11–N4 bond strength is almost equal to N4–C5. The theoretic calculation is in agreement with that of the thermal
Authors:Kang-Zhen Xu, Yong-Shun Chen, Min Wang, Jin-An Luo, Ji-Rong Song, Feng-Qi Zhao, and Rong-Zu Hu
A novel energetic material, 4,5-dihydroxyl-2-(dinitromethylene)-imidazolidine (DDNI), was synthesized by the reaction of FOX-7 and glyoxal in water at 70 °C. Thermal behavior of DDNI was studied with DSC and TG-DTG methods, and presents only an intense exothermic decomposition process. The apparent activation energy and pre-exponential factor of the decomposition reaction were 286.0 kJ mol−1 and 1031.16 s−1, respectively. The critical temperature of thermal explosion of DDNI is 183.78 °C. Specific heat capacity of DDNI was studied with micro-DSC method and theoretical calculation method, and the molar heat capacity is 217.76 J mol−1 K−1 at 298.15 K. The adiabatic time-to-explosion was also calculated to be a certain value between 14.54 and 16.34 s. DDNI presents lower thermal stability, for its two ortho-hydroxyl groups, and its thermal decomposition process becomes quite intense.