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  • Author or Editor: G. Kozma x
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Abstract  

A non-isothermal experimental study using thermogravimetry (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was conducted for investigation the oxidation reactivity of natural phosphate and its demineralised products. The analyses were carried out in oxygen atmosphere and at different heating rate (5, 10, 20, 30, 50, 60C min-1) up to 1000C. The results indicated that the material washed with HCl from the original phosphate, mainly apatite and carbonates of calcium and magnesium, as well as with HCl/HF, silicates minreals, had an inhibition effect during oxidation reactions of organic material. The increase of the heating rate shifted the reactions to higher temperatures. In addition, kinetic parameters were determined by assuming a single first-order kinetic model, using the Coats-Redfern method. The influences of demineralization process of natural phosphate and the heating rate were examined and discussed.

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Abstract  

The resolution of three chiral alcohols with O,O'-dibenzoyl-(2R,3R)-tartaric acid (DBTA) via diastereoisomeric supramolecular compound formation was investigated with thermoanalytical methods. On the basis of TG measurements the DBTA:chiral alcohol molar ratio in the compounds is 1:1 which agrees with the results of single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The DBTA – chiral alcohol supramolecular compounds have different supramolecular structure than the DBTA – achiral alcohol supramolecular compounds. The supramolecular compounds containing cyclohexanols have higher thermal stability than the compounds containing acyclic aliphatic alcohols. The amount of unreacted DBTA monohydrate in the solid phase can be determined both with DSC and with TG measurements.

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The development of an efficient procedure for 3d modeling and finite element simulation of metal foams is one of the greatest challenges for engineer researchers nowadays. Creating 3d CAD model is alone a demanding engineering task due to its extremely complex geometry, and the proper finite element analysis process is still in the center of the research. The increasingly widespread application of the metal foams, e.g. in vehicle and medical industry, requires this knowledge in the design phase. A closed-cell metal foam is studied using different analyzing methods where the aim is to collect information about the composition and geometry (structure) that is satisfactory for the later research. Using statistical methods microscopic, X-ray and surface analyzing studies on the specimens produced according to the concerning standard are evaluated. The main goal of this part of the project is to obtain structural information and to determine the homogeneity or the in-homogeneity property of the metal foam specimens taken from different locations.

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