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The research is done at the simulation laboratory of the energy design research group of the University of Pécs. Aim of the research is to design a multifunctional shading structure, which is warmed up by solar radiation and then starts an evaporative cooling process. Via this evaporative process the shading structure itself and also the climate facade is cooled down. The experimental climate façade of the Szentágothai Research Center will be used for the purpose of this research. Integrating the shading structure to the climate façade further investigations and simulations will be available.

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The object of the examination is a typical office building of the 1990s, owned by a multinational company -Siemens- dedicated to energy awareness. The building also meets the energy efficiency category ‘A’ under the 7/2006 TNM Hungarian regulations concerning the energy performance definition of buildings. However, demand has emerged to implement additional changes to reduce energy usage whilst keeping the current climate comfort or even improving it. International experience forecasts around 30% energy saving potential due to optimization of the building automation and energy management system, and thus the interaction and collaboration between the building geometry, structures and services systems. The project has been built in the IDA ICE complex building energy simulation program. Running a one-year dynamic simulation will provide data that can be compared with the measured data of the actual building, so the model can be adjusted and validated to real data. After the calibration it is now possible to test the ideas under safe conditions, in a virtual surrounding. Once a particular vision of the model is proven to work effectively, it is possible to apply this to the real building control management as well.

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Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Mohammad Reza Ganjali Bonjar
,
Bálint Baranyai
,
Kristóf Roland Horváth
, and
István Kistelegdi

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present a solution for optimizing the operation of the Szentágothai Research Center. This building has several different functions at a high degree, so it can represent most of the difficulties in achieving an ideal level of operation energy consumption while assuring an adequate comfort level.

As a first stage of a generic office building optimization research, a monitored reference building of common type was chosen. Various active operation optimization experiments were carried out. The successive reduction of operation intensity and schedules resulted in 63.3% operation energy savings. The results provide considerable potential in generic office design applications.

Open access

This research aims at demonstrating techniques in complex dynamic building energy simulation methods that greatly reduce the otherwise very time-consuming - in particular cases even week-long - computation time of simulation models, however marginal difference arises in the energy results of the simulations. Different test simulations were created to examine how to simplify the models without altering the energy and comfort results, which lead to reduce also the working hours spent on building the model. The building physics behavior of the zones, heating and cooling equipment in the complex model were studied and tested to understand how those can be used, merged or simplified in order to speed up both computation time and model building phase. The IDA ICE complex dynamic building energy simulation program offers two methods - periodic and dynamic - for calculation, which were compared in this program. Test simulations provide information about possible differences between the results of these calculation methods, in order to define the appropriate use of these methods.

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Creating typology is a comparative method to investigate the physical or other characteristics of the built environment. It can be a useful instrument to facilitate the thermal performance assessment of existing buildings. Heat material’s resistance and construction techniques play a significant role in energy performance of buildings. It is influenced by many factors, such as ambient weather conditions, building structure, and heating, ventilation and airconditioning systems.

The study was focused on analyzing five types of residential buildings at the center of the Sulaimani city (north of Iraq) to assess the energy performance of the building types and comparing results with dynamic analyses, using IDA ICE 4.7.1 software. The results revealed that the thermal performance of the buildings is mostly influenced by the variations in the construction techniques and materials.

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Residential sector represents the largest energy consumer in the city of Pristina, as a capital of Republic of Kosovo. This is also the most diverse sector in terms of the energy sources used for space heating. Detailed analysis of different heating energy sources is pivotal for understanding the current situation as well as for any future systematic action in this field. In general, the main energy sources used for heating are known but the determination of their share still remains a challenge.

Main focus of the current research is to identify the key heating energy sources, to analyze their share in different zones of Pristina, and to present the heated versus living area per different energy sources within dwellings.

Data gathered in the field and presented in this paper are considered to be a first step in comprehensive analysis of the residential sector energy consumption in Pristina.

Open access
Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Mohammad Reza Ganjali Bonjar
,
Kristóf Roland Horváth
,
Bálint Baranyai
, and
István Kistelegdi

Abstract

The purpose of this research is the application of a passive design strategy for office buildings, the wall-window-ratio optimization under moderate climate. A simplified thermal and lighting simulation model of an office research building served as reference testbed for thermal comfort, daylight factor and illuminance as well as heating, cooling and lighting energy demand assessment. These six performance types of similarly oriented room groups are evaluated via a self-developed weighting process to determine the orientation dependent optimal wall-window-ratio of all room groups. This multi objective optimization applies in a broad range of office buildings under moderate climate.

Open access

Abstract:

A building physics supported development was undertaken for the new block of the University of Pécs, Medical School. During sketch design stage climate, lighting and energy simulations were applied to quantify energy optimization strategies. Simulation cases assess the impact of shading technologies, wall-window ratios and thermal masses on used thermal energy demand. Based on a previous study about visual and comfort performance, goal was to identify the highest energy efficiency rates with maximum investment cost savings. Besides best comfort results, the most optimal development represents 9% saving in used thermal energy, and they were proposed for further design.

Open access

Rapid urbanization has resulted in temperature differences between the urban area and its surrounding areas. Academics have called this as the urban heat island phenomenon. Among the places that have seen rapid urbanization is the City of Cebu. The Philippine’s oldest street, Colon, was chosen as the study area due to the near absence of vegetation and closely spaced buildings. Buildings that are spaced more closely as well as multiple absorptions and reflections produce higher and more viable street temperatures. This study tries to systematically understand the urban heat island effect between Colon and Lawaan, the rural area defined in this study. In order to quantify the urban heat island between two given locations, the mobile traverse method during the summer time, for a 10-day period in May 2016. A digital thermometer measuring platform was mounted on top of a vehicle to measure the different temperatures of Colon Street. Urban temperatures were also gathered in the Lawaan area using the same device. Preliminary results showed the presence of the urban heat island phenomenon between the two areas (ΔT =1.17 °C). The provision of green spaces and proper urban planning are essential in mitigating future urban heat stress due to anthropogenic changes of existing cities.

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Abstract

About 800,000 of “Cube houses” which date back to the socialist era are still in use throughout Hungary. These houses are considered to be “outdated” and they bring not only energy but also social issues. This paper presents a refurbishment design solution for the cube house, combining vernacular architecture with modern solutions within the framework of Solar Decathlon Europe 19 competition. The paper investigates the comfort and energy improvement of the refurbished design. Thermal simulation results revealed considerable improvements, which can be considered and implemented to a big proportion of family houses with analogous dimensions, under similar climate conditions.

Open access