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Abstract  

239+240Pu and-when possible-also the ratio238Pu/239+240Pu was determined in the lungs and livers of 15 residents from Chernobyl-fallout contaminated areas in Byelorussia. In several cases various sections of the lungs were analyzed separately. With the exception of one person the activity concentrations of239+240Pu, were always within the range expected from the global fallout of weapon tests in the sixties and did not indicate any contribution of Chernobyl-derived plutonium.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
K. Bunzl
,
M. Puhakainen
,
I. Riekkinnen
,
P. Karhu
,
W. Schimmack
,
T. Heikinnen
,
T. Jaakkola
,
V. Nikonov
,
V. Pavlov
,
T. Rahola
,
K. Rissanen
,
M. Suomela
,
M. Tillander
, and
M. Äyräs

Abstract  

The industrial pollution of an ecosystem, e.g., by heavy metals, might also affect the behavior of fallout radionuclides in the soils of these areas. To study such effects, we determined at various distances from the huge copper-nickel smelters at Monchegorsk on the Kola Peninsula (Russia) and at a reference site: (1) the vertical distribution of fallout 137Cs,90Sr and239+240Pu in the soil, (2) the corresponding residence half-times in different soil horizons, and (3) the resulting external gamma-dose rates at these sites in 1 m height due to 137Cs in the soil. The data show that the residence half-times and the partitioning of the fallout radionuclides among the various soil horizons depend significantly on the extent of the heavy metal pollution at the sites. The resulting external gamma-dose rate in 1 m height due to 137Cs in the soil is, however, rather similar at the various sites.

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