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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
S. L. Porto
,
M. R. Cassia-Santos
,
I. M. G. Santos
,
S. J. G. Lima
,
L. E. B. Soledade
,
A. G. Souza
,
C. A. Paskocimas
, and
E. Longo
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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
Márcia Silva
,
Lydianne de O. Miranda
,
Maria Cassia-Santos
,
S. Lima
,
L. Soledade
,
E. Longo
,
C. Paskocimas
,
A. Souza
, and
Iêda Santos

Abstract  

Undoped and/or doped with 1 mol% of Co2+ Mg2TiO4 andMg2SnO4 powders were synthesized by the polymeric precursor method. The influence of the network former (Sn4+ or Ti4+) on the thermal, structural and optical properties was investigated. The recorded mass losses are due to the escape of water and adsorbed gases and to the elimination of the organic matter. Mg2TiO4 crystallizes at lower temperatures and also presents more ordered structure with a smaller unit call and having more intense green color than Mg2SnO4 has.

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Abstract  

The conventional treatments of effluents containing heavy metals produce significant quantities of byproducts with recalcitrant characteristics, making necessary looking after alternative techniques in order to avoid the production of new contaminated residues. Sorption process of chromium and zinc in vertical columns loaded with sewage sludge and organic solid waste has been studied in this work. The data from the TG curves of the two sorbents presented significant differences when they were submitted to the metal uptake, being noticed the displacement of the thermal events towards lower temperatures for both types of sorbents studied. As it was expected, for both sorbents, an increase in the mass of samples has been observed at the completion of the thermal tests upon metal uptake. Therefore, these facts demonstrate that during the biosorption process a physico-chemical interaction took place between sorbents and metals, as it was evidenced by the more than 100 K increase in the decomposition temperatures as well as the variation of the ΔH values of the samples.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
M. R. S. Silva
,
S. C. Souza
,
I. M. G. Santos
,
M. R. Cassia-Santos
,
L. E. B. Soledade
,
A. G. Souza
,
S. J. G. Lima
, and
E. Longo
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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
S. C. Souza
,
I. M. G. Santos
,
M. R. S. Silva
,
M. R. Cassia-Santos
,
L. E. B. Soledade
,
A. G. Souza
,
S. J. G. Lima
, and
E. Longo
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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
S. Lee
,
J. Gastaud
,
J. La Rosa
,
L. Kwong
,
P. Povinec
,
E. Wyse
,
L. Fifield
,
P. Hausladen
,
L. Di Tada
, and
G. Santos

Abstract  

IAEA reference materials (radionuclides in the marine environment) collected in areas affected by nuclear reprocessing plants and nuclear weapons tests have been analysed by semiconductor alpha-spectrometry (SAS), liquid scintillation spectrometry (LSS) and mass spectrometric techniques (high resolution ICP-MS and AMS) with the aim of developing analytical procedures and to study the geochemical behavior of plutonium in the marine environment. The Pu results obtained by SAS, ICP-MS and AMS were in reasonably good agreement (R 2 = 0.99). The mean atom ratios of 240Pu/239Pu in IAEA reference materials, IAEA-134, 135 and 381 were (0.212±0.010), (0.211±0.004) and (0.242±0.004), respectively. IAEA-384 (Fangataufa Lagoon Sediment) gave a 240Pu/239Pu mean atom ratio of 0.051±0.001. The results of 241Pu obtained by ICP-MS and LSS also show reasonable agreement (R 2 = 0.91). Pu isotopic signatures were useful in tracing Pu origin and in interpreting biogeochemical processes involving Pu in the marine environment.

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Acta Alimentaria
Authors:
N. Carbonera
,
M.L. Mitterer-Daltoé
,
M.I. Lohfeldt
,
L.S. Pastous-Madureira
,
M.L.P. Espírito Santo
, and
M.I. Queiroz

The objective of this study was to evaluate the acceptance of fermented anchovy (Engraulis anchoita) by consumers aged 18–67 (n=100) from two experiments, first using preference test and then by acceptance of formulation preference. Anchovy fillets were fermented with added NaCl and glucose with 4 different treatments: A (NaCl 1% and glucose 4%), B (NaCl 1% and glucose 6%), C (NaCl 1.5% and glucose 4%), and D (NaCl 1.5% and glucose 6% glucose). At first, the preference of fermented anchovy fillets with samples prepared in the form of pizza was assessed by applying a preference ranking test to 75 consumers. The results indicated the sample with 1% NaCl and 6% glucose as the preferred (P>0.05). Later in the second stage, the preferred fermented fillet was subjected to acceptance by 100 consumers who have the consumption habit of such product by using a hedonic scale of 9 points. The results indicated an acceptance rate of 79.8%. This work aimed to call attention to the importance of the acceptance of this food.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
G. C. A. Amaral
,
M. S. Crespi
,
C. A. Ribeiro
,
M. Y. Hikosaka
,
L. S. Guinesi
, and
A. F. Santos
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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
E. F. S. M. Ramalho
,
I. M. G. Santos
,
A. S. Maia
,
A. L. Souza
, and
A. G. Souza

Abstract

Chemical composition of oils and fats used in the biodiesel synthesis can influence in processing and storage conditions, due to the presence of unsaturated fatty acids. An important point is the study of the biodiesel thermal stability to evaluate its quality using thermal analysis methods. In this study the thermal stabilities of the poultry fat and of their ethyl (BEF) and methyl (BMF) biodiesels were determined with the use of thermogravimetry (TG/DTG), differential thermal analysis (DTA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), in different atmospheres. The TG/DTG curves of the poultry fat in synthetic air presented three decomposition steps while only one step was observed in nitrogen (N2) atmosphere. The DSC results indicated four exothermic enthalpic transitions in synthetic air and an endothermic transitions in N2 atmosphere attributed to the combustion process and to the volatilization and/or decomposition of the fatty acids, respectively. For both biodiesels the TG/DTG curves in air indicated two mass loss steps. In the DSC curves four exothermic transitions were observed in synthetic air besides an endothermic one in N2 atmosphere.

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