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  • Author or Editor: M. Ashraf x
  • Chemistry and Chemical Engineering x
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Abstract  

Transport of99mTc across tri-n-butylphosphate (TBP) kerosene oil supported liquid membranes (SLM) has been studied under various conditions. Presence of dichromate ions helps avoid activity scavenging effects. Concentration increase of TBP, the complexing carrier used in the present study has a positive effect on flux (J) and permeability (P) of these ions, as up to 2.87M there is an increase in J and P values. HCl concentration in the feed solution increases J and P with their maximum values at 2.5–3.0M HCl in the feed. Above this concentration there is a decrease in flux and permeability of99mTc(VII) ions. The given ions are stripped with LiCl or NaCl solutions but more with NaOH. The optimum conditions of transport of the given ions are 2.5M HCl concentration in the feed, 2.87M TBP concentration in the membrane and 1M NaOH concentration in the strip solution. Equations have been developed to indicate the relation between flux, J, viscosity, of TBP in organic membrane phase, temperature, T, [H+], in the aqueous feed solutions and Tc ion concentration in the feed solution. Based on P, the values determined from liquid membrane experiments, the quantitative flux values of Tc(VII) ions were also determined as a function of TBP concentration in the membranes, and HCl and Tc concentration in the feed solution using the given equations. This experimental technique provides quantitative results from trace level activity transfer experiments.

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