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  • Author or Editor: M. Barakat x
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The objective of this study was to develop a simple anther culture protocol for a range of Saudi wheat genotypes. Seven wheat genotypes were evaluated in anther culture on five different medium protocols for their ability to initiate callus and green plants. The estimates of significance for the effects of genotypes, and medium protocols used, and their interactions on callus induction, callus weight and shoot formation derived from anther explants indicated that the in vitro traits were significantly influenced by the genotypes, medium protocols, and their interactions. The percentage of explants that developed calli ranged from 0.41% (Lang) to 15.39% (Irena) averaged across the five medium protocols with an average 4.45%. The genotype Irena produced the highest average means of shoot formation (69.65%) across medium protocols. The genotype Yecora Rojo (13.73%) was significantly inferior to all other tested genotypes for shoot formation.

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A series of samples of the system Ni0.65Zn0.35CuxFe2−xO4 (x=0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5 and 0.6) are prepared by the usual ceramic technique. X-ray analysis shows that they are cubic spinel (single phase). The lattice parameter, theoretical density (D x), bulk density (D) and the porosity (P) are measured for the samples. The vacancy concentration of oxygen is an important parameter in the sintering process of spinel ferrites. The decrease in the population of Fe3+ ion in the octahedral sites with the introduction of Cu2+ results in the decrease of lattice parameter. The DTA tracing shows a strong exothermic peak at 90°C.

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A series of samples in the system Ni0.65Zn0.35CuxFe2−xO4 (x=0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5) were prepared by the usual ceramic technique. Seebeck coefficient, d.c. resistivity, activation energy, drift mobilityΜ and time constant measurements are presented for all samples. As expected, the activation energies were lower for samples of higher conductivity and mobility.

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A series of samples of the type Ni0.65Zn0.35CuxFe2−xO4 (x=0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5) were prepared by means of a ceramic technique. The existence of a single phase was confirmed in X-ray studies. The dielectric constantK and dielectric lossD were measured at different temperatures at a frequency of 1 kHz. The pronounced increase in the dielectric constant at the transition temperature is due to the phase transformation from the ferrimagnetic to the paramagnetic state. The decrease in the dielectric loss with temperature is due to the reduction in the relaxation time of the hopping electrons and holes. The Tawfik constant was calculated in the ferrimagnetic state and was found to be correlated to the dielectric constant.

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