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Abstract  

The kinetics of thermal decomposition of solid In(S2CNR2)3 complexes, (R=CH3, C2H5, n-C3H7,i-C3H7, n-C4H9 and i-C4H9), has been studied using isothermal and non-isothermal thermogravimetry. Superimposed TG/DTG/DSC curves show that thermal decomposition reactions occur in the liquid phase, except for the In(S2CNMe2)3 and In(S2CNPri 2)3 compounds.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: S. Silva, M. Conceiçăo, A. Souza, S. Prasad, M. Silva, V. Fernandes, A. Araújo, and F. Sinfrônio

Abstract  

The powder and the bran of algaroba pods, submitted to drying temperatures of 55, 65, 75, 85, 95 and 105C, were studied by conventional and thermogravimetric methods. The dynamic thermogravimetric curves of the samples indicated the following thermal stability order: 105>55>65>95>85>75C. The powder and the bran of algaroba pods, dried at 55C, presented protein content higher and isothermal thermogravimetric profiles comparable. The calorimetric curves of samples, dried at 55C, indicated the gelatinization of starch.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: H. Ouriques, M. Trindade, M. Conceiçăo, S Prasad, P. Filho, and A. Souza

Abstract  

The thermogravimetric curves of di-n-propylammonium, di-iso-propylammonium, di-n-butylammonium and di-iso-butylammonium chlorides showed similar profiles, characterized by mass loss in only one stage, corresponding to decomposition of compounds. The following thermal stability order was obtained: [Bu2 nNH2]Cl>[Pr2 nNH2]Cl>[Pr2 iNH2]Cl>[Bu2 iNH2]Cl. The values of activation energy for non-isothermal data obtained by Ozawa and Coats-Redfern integral methods were in agreement and stability order obtained by thermogravimetry were reproduced in both methods. The decomposition reactions of [Pr2 nNH2]Cl, [Pr2 iNH2]Cl and [Bu2 iNH2]Cl were better described by A3 model and [Bu2 nNH2]Cl by A2 model.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: J. Amorim, S. Eliziário, D. Gouveia, A. Simőes, J. Santos, M. Conceiçăo, A. Souza, and M. Trindade

Abstract  

The thermogravimetry (TG) is a technique used in the quality control of foods. In this work the moisture and ash contents in the rice and by-products (bran and husk), the thermal stability and the gelatinization process by conventional, thermogravimetric and calorimetric methods were studied. The moisture and ash contents obtained by TG and conventional methods did not present significant differences. The rice presented higher starch content, while the bran presented higher protein content. The thermogravimetric data presented the following thermal stability order: rice>bran>husk. The calorimetric curves indicated the gelatinization of the starch. The kinetic parameters were compatible.

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Abstract  

The synthesis and the characterization of Al2O3-based nanocrystalline inorganic pigments are reported. The pigments were synthesized by the polymeric precursor (Pechini method) using Cr2O3 as chromophore. XRD results only evidenced the corundum phase. The average particle size was about 34 nm. The samples were also characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TG), and CIE-L*a*b* calorimetry. The pigments obtained in this work presented different colors, ranging from green to rose.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: J. Santos, M. Conceiçăo, M. Trindade, A. Araújo, V. Fernandes, and A. Souza

Abstract  

The lanthanidic complexes of general formula Ln(C11H19O2)3 were synthesized and characterized by elementary analysis, infrared absorption espectroscopy, thermogravimetry (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The reaction of thermal decomposition of complexes has been studied by non-isothermal and isothermal TG. The thermal decomposition reaction of complexes began in the solid phase for Tb(thd)3, Tm(thd)3 and Yb(thd)3 and in the liquid phase for Er(thd)3 and Lu(thd)3, as it was observed by TG/DTG/DSC superimposed curves. The kinetic model that best adjusted the experimental isothermal thermogravimetric data was the R1 model. Through the Ozawa method it was possible to find coherent results in the kinetic parameters and according to the activation energy the following stability order was obtained: Tb(thd)3>Lu(thd)3>Yb(thd)3>Tm(thd)3>Er(thd)3

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: F. L. Macedo, R. A. Candeia, L. L. M. Sales, M. B. Dantas, A. G. Souza, and M. M. Conceição

Abstract

Searching for other alternative sources, which are not part of the food chain, and which are able to supply the biofuel market is a promising option. In this context, it has been searched to investigate the oiticica oil, approaching its availability to the biodiesel synthesis, as well as its thermal stability. Few works retreat parameters such as: the optimization of the biodiesel synthesis, its physical–chemical properties, and thermal parameters etc. The characterization results revealed that the oil showed very high kinematic viscosity, and acidity value around 13 mg KOH/g, requiring a pre-treatment. To reduce the acid in the oil, it has been done the esterification of oil, which was studied in different molar ratios oiticica oil/ethanol (1:9) and 2.0% catalyst, in order to get the best reduction the index of acidity. The lowest level of acidity of the oil obtained after the esterification was 4.4 mg KOH/g. The reaction rate for the synthesis of biodiesel, compared to the initial mass of oiticica oil ester was 85%. This income can be overcome by pursuing an even smaller reduction of acid value of biodiesel oiticica. The acid value of biodiesel was 1.8 mg KOH/g. The results have revealed that the oiticica oil and biodiesel are stable at 224 and 179 °C, respectively.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: R. Candeia, J. Freitas, M. Souza, Marta Conceição, Iêda Santos, L. Soledade, and A. Souza

Abstract  

The most feasible alternative among fuels derived from biomass seems to be the biodiesel, having the required characteristics for a total or partial substitution of diesel oil. Therefore, the aim of this work is to evaluate the thermal and rheological behavior of the blends of diesel with the methanol biodiesel obtained from soybean oil, using B5, B15 and B25 blends. All thermogravimetric curves exhibited one overlapping mass loss step in the 35–280C temperature range at air atmosphere and one step between 37–265C in nitrogen. The rheological study showed a Newtonian behavior (n=1) for all blends.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Marta Conceição, V. Fernandes Jr, A. Bezerra, M. Silva, Iêda Santos, F. Silva, and A. Souza

Abstract  

Diesel oil has an important role in the field of urban traffic as well as in the transportation of products. However, the amount of the non-renewable sources is continuously decreasing. This fact and the environmental requirements brought the necessity to search for other, renewable sources. This paper aimed the dynamic kinetic calculation of thermal decomposition of castor oil, methanol biodiesel and ethanol biodiesel using Coats–Redfern, Madhusudanan and Ozawa methods. On the base of the thermogravimetric curves the following thermal stability order could be established: castor oil>ethanol biodiesel>methanol biodiesel. Kinetic data presented coherent results. Methanol biodiesel presented lower activation energy than ethanol biodiesel, suggesting that methanol biodiesel has a better quality for combustion.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. M. Ramalho, M. M. Conceiçăo, V. J. Fernandes Jr., J. C. Machado, L. E. B. Soledade, and A. G. Souza
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