Natural and chemically modified zeolites from the Slovak Republic and Ukraine have been investigated as the adsorbents for the uptake of Cr(III). Model water solution of low radioactivity was used. The adsorption and desorption kinetics of chromium were established with the gradual radioexchange technique (tracer 51Cr) and flame AAS. The effect of the factors studied are examined and explained. The sorption coefficient , distribution coefficient KD, sorption capacity , sorption rate S, and leachability of Cr were calculated in neutral, alkaline and acidic aqueous solutions. The sorption capacity of the modified zeolites was found to be greater by a factor of 2 to 16 than that of the unmodified ones depending on the modifying solution applied. The leachability of chromium from loaded zeolites into the neutral solution was negligible. The leachability into alkaline and acidic solutions increased over 40%.
The influence of some cations on the exchange ability of chemically treated clinoptilolites has been studied. The natural clinoptilolites were treated by NaOH, NH4OH, NaCl and KCl. The modified clinoptilolites surface characteristics and ion exchange ability were studied as well.
Authors:M. Földesová, P. Lukáč, J. Majling, and V. Tomková
137Cs and60Co were sorbed from model solutions and waste water on chemically treated granular zeolite. The zeolite was incorporated into cement slurries based on blast furnace slag (BFS). The compressive and bending strength were measured after different times of hydration. The leaching tests were performed in water, base and acid solutions. The leachability was more pronounced only for samples in acidic solutions.
Authors:M. Földesová, P. Lukáč, P. Dillinger, V. Balek, and S. Svetík
Zeolites chemically modified with 1, 4 or 6 M aqueous solutions of NaOH were studied by DTA, TG and ETA (emanation thermal analysis) in the temperature range 201–200°C. The structural changes in the modified zeolites at room temperature and in the modified zeolites annealed at 1000°C were studied by XRD analysis. Thermal analysis demonstrated dehydration, dehydroxylation, structural changes and a glass transition. A gradual loss in crystallinity of the chemically modified zeolites was also observed. XRD analysis revealed structural changes caused by chemical treatment and also by annealing.
Authors:M. Földesová, P. Lukáč, P. Dillinger, E. Klosová, Z. Málek, E. Večerníková, and V. Balek
Zeolites from Nižný Hrabovec (Slovak Republic) were, modified with solutions of NaOH. The changes of zeolites in the temperature
range 20–1200 °C were studied by thermal analysis (DTA, TG, ETA), X-ray analysis and REM analysis. Thermal analysis showed
that the process of dehydration started between temperatures 20 and 600 °C, over this temperature the dealumination and structural
changes have taken place. X-ray analysis and REM analysis showed the structural changes of natural zeolites and gradual loss
of cristallinity of the chemically modified zeolites.