Authors:Y. Toh, M. Oshima, A. Kimura, M. Koizumi, K. Furutaka, Y. Hatsukawa, and J. Goto
Low-energy photons produced by the Compton scattering from hydrogen increase the background in the lower-energy region of
the gamma-ray spectrum. This results in an increase in the detection limit for trace elements. In multiple photon detection
prompt gamma-ray analysis (MPGA), only those elements that simultaneously emit two or more prompt gamma-rays, which have cascade
relation and are emitted within a short interval, can be measured. Therefore, the influence of hydrogen can be reduced. In
this study, standard polymer and food samples are measured. The hydrogen background is reduced in MPGA.
Authors:Y. Toh, M. Oshima, K. Furutaka, A. Kimura, M. Koizumi, Y. Hatsukawa, and J. Goto
A neutron beam line for multiple prompt gamma-ray analysis was constructed at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. A detector system
for the MPGA was constructed at the C2-3-2 beam line in January 2005. It comprised eight (upgraded in March 2007) clover Ge
detectors with a BGO Compton suppressor. High efficiency detector system provides an advantage in terms of the detection limit
of MPGA when compared to the result of PGA. The supermirror neutron bender was improved and a supermirror neutron guide was
installed upstream of the sample position.
Authors:Y. Toh, M. Koizumi, M. Oshima, A. Kimura, Y. Hatsukawa, A. Osa, and J. Goto
In order to improve the sensitivity for the quantification of trace elements, we propose the combination of prompt gamma-ray
analysis (PGA) and a multiple gamma-ray detection method. A new Ge detector system for multiple prompt gamma-ray analysis
(MPGA) was constructed at the neutron guide-hall of the JRR-3M reactor of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). The first
demonstration of this system was given with a plastic sample containing traces of cadmium. The quantification limit of cadmium
in a plastic sample was found to be about 0.1 ppm.
Authors:Y. Hatsukawa, Y. Miyamoto, T. Hayakawa, Y. Toh, A. Kimura, and M. Oshima
Neutron activation analysis with multi-parameter coincidence method was developed at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA)
and a non-destructive, ultra-high sensitive multi-elemental determination has been realized. The multi-parameter coincidence
method is carried out with an array of 19 germanium detectors, GEMINI-II. Using this system, very weak γ-rays emitted from
trace amounts of elements can be detected. The presolar grains were extracted from the Allende meteorite. Trace elements in
the presolar diamonds were measured by neutron activation analysis with multi-parameter coincidence method.
Authors:Y. Hatsukawa, Y. Toh, M. Oshima, T. Hayakawa, N. Shinohara, K. Kushita, T. Ueno, and K. Toyoda
Multiparameter coincidence g-ray spectrometry based on g-g coincidence is widely used in the field of nuclear structure studies, and has produced many succesful results. In this paper, feasibility of the method for neutron activation analysis of trace elements was studied. Particularly, a long-lived radioisotope 129I (T1/2 = 1.57.107 y) in algae samples and iridium in geological samples has been determined.
Authors:T. Suzuki, Y. Oki, M. Numajiri, T. Miura, K. Kondo, N. Oshima, T. Hayashi, H. Nakamura, and Y. Ito
The polymerization process of bisphenol-A dicyanate (BADCy) has been studied using a positron-annihilation lifetime technique (PAL). The polymerization was conducted at 150°C, and the process was followed by PAL. Seven kinds of samples with different curing times were also formed at 150°C, and the relation between the period of the curing time and the degree of polymerization was studied. It has been shown that theo-Ps lifetime increases in samples with a higher polymerization than 85%, which is consistent with measurements of the specific volume of BADCy.
Authors:Y. Oura, R. Watanabe, M. Ebihara, Y. Murakami, Y. Toh, A. Kimura, M. Koizumi, K. Furutaka, M. Oshima, K. Hara, T. Kin, S. Nakamura, and H. Harada
A prompt gamma-ray analysis system using multiple detection method (MPGA system) was constructed at the neutron guide hall
of the JRR-3M reactor of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. We applied MPGA method to geochemical and cosmochemical samples to
evaluate its analytical performance on signal to noise (S/N) ratio, sensitivity, and detection limit. The S/N ratio measured
by MPGA system was larger than that by normal prompt gamma ray activation analysis (PGAA) at JRR-3M. For some elements, the
S/N ratio was improved more than ten times. Several elements that are not detected by PGAA were detected by MPGA. At the present
time, concentrations of major elements and trace elements with high neutron capture cross section in geochemical and cosmochemical
samples were determined accurately by the MPGA system installed at JRR-3M. It is expected that it will determine a lot of
trace elements after appropriate adjustments and modifications.