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Abstract  

Dehydration of irradiated and non-irradiated asparagine monohydrate was investigated by means of a computer interfaced PerkinElmer 1B DSC in isothermal conditions and static atmosphere. Isothermal runs were performed at 358, 363, 368 and 373 K. Samples were γ-irradiated at room temperature, using a 137Cs source with an activity of 3·1013 Bq and a dose rate of 4·102 Gy h−1, with irradiation times between 8–116 h. Isothermal kinetics were analyzed via the common factorized rate equation. Šesták-Berggren conversion function was found to best fit the experimental data. Of the three fitting parameters, only the one associated with the activation energy was found to follow a coherent variation with the exposure time. Even within this simple model, that makes the activation energy a useful stability criterion within a set of similar samples.

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Abstract  

The present paper deals with an experimental study on the bioleaching of a poor uranium ore by means of hydrophytic plants Lemna minor and Riccia fluitans, under various operating conditions. The maximum degree of bioleaching (42%) of the reduced uranium species to U(VI) has been attained for the ore-Lemna minor-alkaline carbonate solution system. The UO2 2+ ions amount accumulated in the plants is negligible as compared to the dissolved quantity, owing to the ionic competition between uranyl ions and the cations necessary to the mineral nutrition. The X-ray diffraction patterns prove that the uranium species in pyrochlore mineral are completely oxidized to U(VI), while thucolite is only partially turned into UO2 2+ ions, in the presence of living plants.

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Abstract  

TG, DTG and DTA methods were used for the investigation of some waste agricultural products, such as grape seeds, walnut shells, plum and peach stones, which can serve as raw materials for the production of active carbons. It was demonstrated that thermo analytical methods are appropriate to study the thermal characteristics of the above wastes and the data obtained can be applied to the technological processes of active carbon preparation.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: M. Ştefănescu, M. Stoia, O. Ştefănescu, A. Popa, M. Simon, and C. Ionescu

Abstract  

Hybrid organic-inorganic materials, silica – polyols (ethylene-glycol – EG; 1,2 propane diol – 1,2PG; 1,3 propane diol – 1,3PG and glycerol – GL), were prepared by a sol-gel process starting from tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and polyols, in acid catalysis. The resulting materials were studied by thermal analysis (in air and nitrogen), FTIR and solid state 29Si-NMR spectroscopy. These techniques evidenced the presence of polyols in the silica matrix both hydrogen bounded and chemically bounded in the silica network. The thermal analysis proves to be the most appropriate technique to evidence the organic chains linked in the matrix network and to follow the thermal evolution of the gels to the SiO2 matrix.

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We present a short review of the most recent results coming from the numerical modeling of seismic hazard and interpretation of the new observations provided by the recently installed seismic stations in Romania. There are still controversial questions related to the asymmetric distribution of the ground motion radiated by the Vrancea intermediate-depth earthquakes and which is the main factor responsible for this particular distribution: seismic source, structural model, site effects or vulnerability. Our main goal is to provide a solution to this key problem, with direct implications upon the seismic hazard assessment. NE-SW elongation of the isoseismals and the maximum values in the Romanian Plain are well explained by the source radiation pattern and the average structural model. The attenuation toward NW is shown to be a frequency-dependent effect, much more important in the high frequency range (≯1 Hz). We conclude that the present seismic hazard of Romania, computed by the deterministic approach, fits well, as a first approximation, the ground motion distribution for the low-frequency band, and the apparent contradiction with the historically-based intensity maps arises mainly from a systematic difference in the vulnerability of the buildings in the intra- and extra-Carpathians regions.

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The seismic hazard assessment in dense-populated areas and the strategic objectives design are based on the study of seismicity of the seismogenic sources (which can have an effect at the site above a specified minimum level that is considered risky) and the attenuation between focus and site. The purpose of this paper is to provide a complete set of information required for a probabilistic assessment of the seismic hazard in the southeast Romania relative to the following seismic sources: Vrancea zone (in the crust and intermediate-depth domains), Predobrogean depression zone, Intramoesian zone and Shabla-Dulovo (Bulgaria) zone. As an example, the obtained input parameters are used to evaluate the seismic hazard distribution due to the crustal earthquakes applying the McGuire's procedure (1976). These preliminary results are in good agreement with the previous research based on deterministic approach (Radulian et al. 2000).

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Summary  

The sorption behavior of U(VI) and Th(IV) from simulated waste solutions on a zeolitic volcanic tuff from Nereju (Vrancea, Romania) has been studied in the absence of the ionic competition as a function of contact time, radioactive ions concentration, temperature and pH using a batch mode technique. The effect of the above-mentioned parameters on the sorption efficiency was discussed. The apparent thermodynamic parameters of the sorption of uranium and thorium onto the considered volcanic tuff were calculated, showing that the process is endothermic and higher temperatures favor the sorption process.

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