Search Results

You are looking at 11 - 20 of 21 items for

  • Author or Editor: Peter Mihalyi x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

Iskolai prevenció és az evolúció logikájának ellentmondásai

Mental Health Prevention in Schools and the Contradictions of Evolution

Educatio
Author:
Péter Mihályi

Absztrakt:

Nem helyes azt elvárni az iskoláktól, hogy minden létező problémára ők készítsék fel a gyerekeket. A tanulmány legfőbb mondanivalója az, hogy a 6–14 éves korosztálynak egy olyan élet- és viselkedésstratégiát kell megtanítani, amely fontos területeken ellentmond a humán evolúció évezredek során kialakult logikájának. A túlélés genetikai programja a rövid távú optimalizálásra ösztönöz. A hosszú élet, az egészséges öregkor viszont azt feltételezi, hogy az emberek ellenállnak a rövid távú örömforrásoknak. A jó hír az, hogy a bizalom, az önkontroll, az akaraterő fejlesztése tanítható – erre nyilvánvalóan a mélyszegénységben élő családok gyermekeinek van a legnagyobb szükségük. Ez kellene, hogy legyen az iskolai prevenciós programok elsőszámú célja.

Open access
Acta Oeconomica
Authors:
Ádám Török
and
Péter Mihályi
Restricted access
Acta Oeconomica
Authors:
Péter Mihályi
and
Blagoy Kitanov
Restricted access
Restricted access
Restricted access

Abstract

After the collapse of the Berlin Wall it was conceivable that China would follow the path towards the cessation of communism, as it happened in the successor states of the USSR, Yugoslavia and the East European satellite states of the Soviet Union. But the Communist Party of China (CPC) managed to retain control and avoided the Russian and East European collapse, a full-fledged transition to capitalism and liberal democracy. For a while, China was on its way to market capitalism with the possible outcome to turn eventually into a liberal democracy. This was a rocky road, with backs-and-forth. But the shift to liberal democracy did not happen. The massacre at Tiananmen Square in 1989, approved by Deng Xiaoping, was a more alarming setback than the contemporary Western observers were willing to realize. This paper presents an interpretation of the changes under present Chinese leader, Xi Jinping in a post-communist comparative perspective.

Open access
Acta Oeconomica
Authors:
Péter Mihályi
,
Dóra Győrffy
, and
Shane Markowitz
Restricted access

Abstract

The paper analyses the differences of COVID-19 mortality rates (MR) in 24 European countries. We explain MRs on the available, reliable ex-ante economic, health and social indicators pertaining to the year 2019 – i.e., before the outbreak of the pandemic. Using simple regression equations, we received statistically significant results for 11 such variables out of 28 attempts. Our best model with two ex-ante independent variables explains 0.76 of the variability of our ex-post dependent variable, the logarithm of Cumulative COVID Deaths. The estimated coefficient for the variable Density of Nurses shows that having one more nurse per 1,000 of population decreases cumulative COVID deaths by almost 15%. Similarly, one more unit Consumption of Non-Prescribed Medicine decreases cumulative deaths by 5%. It seems that until now those European countries were successful in minimising the fatalities where the population had a high level of health literacy, people pursue healthier lifestyle and the healthcare systems worked with a relatively large nursing force already prior to the COVID pandemic.

Open access