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In 2007/2008 the Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) organised an interlaboratory comparison (ILC) on the determination of 226Ra, 228Ra, 234U and 238U activity concentrations in mineral water. This paper describes the determination of the reference values for the activity concentrations of 234U and 238U by radiochemical separation and α-particle spectrometry performed at two independent laboratories. The experimental uncertainty of the reference values is discussed in detail.
Radiocesium contamination of air, rain, grass, milk and humans in Belgium from the late 1950s to present was measured. The main sources of fallout were atmospheric nuclear weapons tests and the Chernobyl accident; in Belgium the average impact of the first on the human body burden was more than six times higher. The geographical distribution of radiocesium fallout in Belgium was surveyed by means of in-situ gammaspectrometry with HPGe detectors.