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Abstract  

This work discusses thermal behavior of Ni/MH battery with experimental methods. The present work not only provides a new way to get more exactly parameters and thermal model, but also concentrates on thermal behavior in discharging period. With heat generation rate gained by experiments with microcalorimeter, heat transport equations are set up and solved. The solutions are compared with experiment results and used to understand the reactions inside the battery. Experiments with microcalorimeter provide more reliable data to create precise thermal model.

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Abstract  

Measurement of 3H, 14C, 32P, 35S, 125I, and 131I in radioisotope (RI) waste materials such as the vials, pipette tips, tubes, syringes, and paper generated from the industrial, medical, educational, and research organizations were conducted by a wet oxidation method. Counts were obtained by a liquid scintillation counter for 3H, 14C, and 32P; a gas proportional counter for 35S; a low energy photon spectroscopy for 125I; and an HPGe detector for 131I. After the treatment of approximately 20 g of the sample, the counting value was determined to obtain a minimum detectable activity (MDA) of approximately 1 × 10−3 ~ 5 × 10−2 Bq/g. The specific activities of shor-half-life RIs (32P, 35S, 125I, and 131I) were not detectable and/or resulted in a low value (<1 Bq/g). The waste containing 3H and 14C was observed to have the specific activities in the range of 10−2–105 and 10−2–104 Bq/g, respectively.

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Abstract  

The analysis of tin in biological materials is rarely reported. In this study, instrumental neutron activation analysis was used to determine the tin together with some other trace elements in various organs of rats treated with trialkyltin-methacrylic copolymer. No appreciable accumulation of tin and variation of distribution of trace elements (Cr, Fe, Zn and Co) in various organs are found. The pathological changes in the liver sections cannot be observed either. This therefore indicates that the toxicity of trialkyltin-methacrylic copolymer is low, if any.

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Abstract  

The symmetrical type of diamide, N,N,N,N-tetrabutylmalonamide (TBMA) was synthesized, characterized and used for the extraction of uranyl(II) ion from nitric acid media in a diluent composed of 50% 1,2,3-trimethyl benzene (TMB) and 50% kerosene (OK). The effects of nitric acid concentration, uranyl(II) ion concentration, extractant concentration, temperature and salting-out agent (LiNO3) on distribution coefficients of uranyl(II) ion have been studied. The formation of an 121 uranyl(II) ion, nitrate ion and N,N,N,N-tetrabutylmalonamide complex as extracted species was further confirmed by IR spectra of the saturated extraction of uranyl(II) ion with TBMA, the values the themodynamic functions have also been calculated.

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Abstract  

The complexation of Eu3+ and Am3+ ions with the humic acids has been investigated at various pH (4.0, 4.5, 5.0, 5.4) in 0.1M NaClO4 solution using solvent extraction technique. Two humic acids are used in this study: humic acid extracted from the soil of Taejon on the Okchon Basin of Korea (TJHA) and commercially available one from Aldrich Chemical Co. (AHA). The total carboxylate group concentrations were determined to be 3.58 meq/g and 4.59 meq/g for Taejon and Aldrich humic acids, respectively. The conditional stability constants (log 1 and log 2), dependent on the pH of the solution, of the complexes of Eu3+ and Am3+ ions with the humic acids have been determined at the ionic medium of 0.1M NaClO4. The values of stability constants with the degree of ionization of TJHA for Eu and Am complexes are quite well agreed with those of Lake Bradford humic acid (LBHA), indicating that structural characteristics of TJHA and LBHA may be quite similar to one another.

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Abstract  

In order to assure the public health, simple and relibable analytical methods must be established for effective surveillance of polluted surface water. Since the pollutants in surface water are usually found at ultratrace levels, preconcentration is generally required to ensure the quality of the analytical results. An analytical procedure consisting of preconcentration using hydrous magnesium oxide followed by neutron activation analysis has been proposed and applied to the determinations of trace elements in surface water.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
S. Lahiri
,
X. Wu
,
Yang Weifan
,
Xu Yanbing
, and
Yuan Shuanggui

Abstract  

Liquid liquid extraction of 46Sc was studied with 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-benzoyl-5-pyrazolone (PMBP). It has been found that PMBP extracts almost quantitatively scandium from 10-3 to 10-2M HCl solutions. Tributyl phosphate (TBP) has a pronounced antagonistic effect on the extraction process.

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New technologies in gene transfer combined with experimental embryology make the chicken embryo an excellent model system for gene function studies. The techniques of in ovo electroporation, in vitro culture for ex ovo electroporation and retrovirus-mediated gene transfer have already been fully developed in chicken. Yet to our knowledge, there are no definite descriptions on the features and application scopes of these techniques. The survival rates of different in vitro culture methods were compared and the EGFP expression areas of different gene transfer techniques were explored. It was that the optimal timings of removing embryo for EC culture and Petri dish system was at E1.5 and E2.5, respectively; and optimal timing of injecting retrovirus is at E0. Results indicated that the EC culture, in ovo electroporation, the Petri dish system and retrovirus-mediated method are, respectively, suitable for the very early, early, late and whole embryonic stages in chicken. Comparison of different gene transfer methods and establishment of optimal timings are expected to provide a better choice of the efficient method for a particular experiment.

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Summary In this study, the thermal properties of agro-flour-filled polybutylene succinate (PBS) bio-composites were investigated. PBS is one of the biodegradable polymers made from the condensation reaction of glycols and dicarboxylic acid and is naturally degraded by natural soil burial system. The thermal properties of the bio-composites were analyzed according to the agro-flour content and mesh size. On increasing agro-flour content, the thermal stability, degradation temperature and derivative thermogravimetric curve (DTGmax) temperature of the bio-composites decreased while the ash content increased. The thermal degradation of the bio-composites was not affected by agro-flour mesh size. The glass transition (T g) and melting (T m) temperatures of the bio-composites were not significantly changed. The storage modulus (E’) of the bio-composites was higher than that of neat PBS, because the incorporation of agro-flour increased the stiffness of the bio-composites. At higher temperatures, E’ of the bio-composites decreased due to the increasing viscosity and chain mobility of neat PBS. The thermal properties of bio-composites have an important effect on the manufacturing system and application methods.

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