Authors:Liting Sun, Fuqing Yu, Zhihua Xu, Xinmei Zeng, Miro Ferreri, and Bo Han
Objective of this study was to assess the quantification of osteocalcin (OCN) expression by ovine osteoblasts cultured with different concentrations of sodium fluoride (F) and sodium selenite (Se) to evaluate the interaction of these agents on OCN expression
. We wanted to demonstrate a possible protective effect of selenium on the toxic effect of fluoride. Osteoblasts were isolated by complete trypsin and collagenase digestion from ovine calvarial bone and cultured in DMEM supplemented with 15% FBS at 37 °C in a humidified 5% CO
incubator. Identified osteoblasts were divided into one control group (C) and eight experimental groups, which were exposed to different concentrations of sodium fluoride (F; 0, 0.5, 1 mM) sodium selenite (Se; 0, 0.1, 1 μM). At different time points after treatment total RNA was extracted and reverse transcribed into first-strand cDNA. OCN mRNA was indirectly measured by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qPCR). OCN mRNA expression in F 1 mM with Se 1 μM group was found to have a high peak at day seven and was lower before and afterwards. Expression of OCN mRNA in all groups except control could be promoted by F and/or Se showing a general upregulation. Furthermore, the toxicity from excessive exposure of osteoblast with F could be circumvented by usage of moderate concentration of Se. Osteoblasts cultured
may have stressful responses to F and Se at the first few days. Low concentrations of Se inhibit the toxic effects of high concentrations of F. Therefore, F and Se could be used as antagonistic factors, which could regulate osteocalcin expression.
Authors:Han Jing-Tian, Sun Guo-Xin, Shao Hua, Chen Shu-Feng, and Bao Bo-Rong
A new bifunctional extractant named phenyl-N,N-dibutylcarbamoylmethyl sulfoxide (PCMSO) is synthesized and characterized in
order to investigate its selectivity and capability in the extraction from acidic nitrate media in nuclear reprocessing. The
extraction of uranium (VI) with PCMSO in toluene has been studied at various concentrations of nitric acid, extractant and
salting-out agent (LiNO3). The mechanism of extraction is discussed in the light of the results obtained. The extracted species has also been investigated
using FT-IR spectrometry. The related thermodynamic functions were calculated. The IR spectral study was also made of the
Authors:Sun Mi Kim, Doug Hyun Han, Young Sik Lee, Jieun E. Kim, and Perry F. Renshaw
Background and aims: Several studies have suggested that addictive disorders including substance abuse and pathologic gambling might be associated with dysfunction on working memory and prefrontal activity. We hypothesized that excessive online game playing is associated with deficits in prefrontal cortex function and that recovery from excessive online game playing might improve prefrontal cortical activation in response to working memory stimulation. Methods: Thirteen adolescents with excessive online game playing (AEOP) and ten healthy adolescents (HC) agreed to participate in this study. The severity of online game play and playing time were evaluated for a baseline measurement and again following four weeks of treatment. Brain activation in response to working memory tasks (simple and complex calculations) at baseline and subsequent measurements was assessed using BOLD functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Results: Compared to the HC subjects, the AEOP participants exhibited significantly greater activity in the right middle occipital gyrus, left cerebellum posterior lobe, left premotor cortex and left middle temporal gyrus in response to working memory tasks during baseline measurements. After four weeks of treatment, the AEOP subjects showed increased activity within the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and left occipital fusiform gyrus. After four weeks of treatment, changes in the severity of online game playing were negatively correlated with changes in the mean β value of the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in response to complex stimulation. Conclusions: We suggest that the effects of online game addiction on working memory may be similar to those observed in patients with substance dependence.
Authors:Chang Lee, Myung Lee, Sun Han, Yeoung-Keong Ha, and Kyuseok-Song
A simple and rapid separation procedure was systemized for the determination of 99Tc, 90Sr, 94Nb, 55Fe and 59,63Ni in low and intermediate level radioactive wastes. The integrated procedure involves precipitation, anion exchange and extraction
chromatography for the separation and purification of individual radionuclide from sample matrix elements and from other radionuclides.
After separating Re (as a surrogate of 99Tc) on an anion change resin column, Sr, Nb, Fe and Ni were sequentially separated as follows; Sr was separated as Sr (Ca-oxalate)
co-precipitates from Nb, Fe and Ni followed by purification using Sr-Spec extraction chromatographic resin. Nb was separated
from Fe and Ni by anion exchange chromatography. Fe was separated from Ni by anion exchange chromatography. Ni was separated
as Ni-dimethylglyoxime precipitates after the removal of 134,137Cs and 110mAg by Cs-phosphotungstate and AgCl precipitation, respectively. Finally, the radionuclide sources were prepared by precipitation
for their radioactivity measurements. The reliability of the procedure was evaluated by measuring the recovery of chemical
carriers added to a synthetic radioactive waste solution.
Authors:X. Han, Y. Sun, T. Wang, Zh. Lin, Sh. Li, F. Zhao, Z. Liu, J. Yi, and X. Ren
The effects of fullerenes, including fellerene soot (FS), extracted fullerene soot (EFS) and pure C60 on the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate (AP) compared with traditional carbon black (CB) catalyst has been studied
by employing thermogravimetry (TG), differential thermal analysis (DTA), infrared spectroscopy (IR) and ignition temperature
experiments. The results showed that the addition of CB and FS to AP reduced the activation energy as well as the temperature
at maximum decomposition rate, but that of EFS and pure C60 had little effect on the thermal decomposition of AP, and among all catalysts, FS was the best one.
Authors:Mei-Han Wang, Takayuki Konya, Masahiro Yahata, Yutaka Sawada, Akira Kishi, Takayuki Uchida, Hao Lei, Yoichi Hoshi, and Li-Xian Sun
A series of Alq3 thin films with the thicknesses of 50, 100, and 200 nm was deposited on Si substrates at room temperature
using the thermal evaporation method. The thermal crystallization process of Alq3 thin films, especially 50 nm thick films,
was successfully examined using high-temperature X-ray diffraction (HT-XRD) with the in-plane scan mode. Film thickness, density,
and changes in surface roughness while heating were determined using X-ray reflectometry (XRR). The decreased density and
increased surface roughness, which were accompanied by sublimation, indicate the instability of the Alq3 film. Thus, thermal
instability is a major factor for device failure.
Authors:Gaigai Du, Liyuan Wang, Huawei Li, Peng Sun, Jianmin Fu, Yujing Suo, Weijuan Han, Songfeng Diao, Yini Mai, and Fangdong Li
Background and aims
Persimmon (Diospyros kaki) is an economically important fruit tree species with complex flowering characteristics. To obtain accurate expression pattern analysis results, it is vital to select a reliable gene for the normalization of real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction data. The aim of this study was to identify the optimal internal control gene among six candidate genes for gene expression analysis in different persimmon organs and developmental stages.
Materials and methods
This analysis was conducted using geNorm and NormFinder software to show differences in the stability of the six reference genes among tissues and floral developmental stages of the same plant.
Although genes that exhibited moderate expression in NormFinder revealed slightly different expression stabilities than those obtained by geNorm, both sets of results showed that GAPDH was the best reference gene in different organs and floral buds at different developmental stages, whereas 18SrRNA was the least stable gene.
Based on the overall ranking, GAPDH is the most suitable reference gene and is highly recommended for gene expression studies in different organs and different developmental stages of persimmon. This study provides useful reference data for future gene expression studies and will contribute to improving the accuracy of gene expression results in persimmon.
A novel metal-organic frameworks [Cu2(OH)(2,2′-bpy)2(BTC) · 2H2O]n (CuMOF, BTC = benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid, 2,2′-bpy = 2,2′-bipyridine) has been synthesized hydrothermally and characterized
by single crystal XRD, FT-IR spectra. The low-temperature molar heat capacities were measured by temperature modulated differential
scanning calorimetry (TMDSC) for the first time. The thermodynamic parameters such as entropy and enthalpy relative to reference
temperature 298.15 K were derived based on the above molar heat capacity data. Moreover, the thermal stability and the decomposition
mechanism of CuMOF were investigated by TG-MS (thermogravimetry-mass spectrometer). A four-stage mass loss was observed in
the TG curve. MS curve indicated that the gas products for oxidative degradation of CuMOF were H2O, CO2, NO and NO2.