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  • Author or Editor: T. Honda x
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Abstract  

Determination of the lanthanoids, thorium and uranium in silicate rocks has been investigated by neutron activation analysis (NAA). Seven or eight lanthanoids and thorium and uranium were determined by non-destructive instrumental NAA. The numbers of the lanthanoids determined were increased and errors on the final values were reduced by pre-irradiation treatments, which included a coprecipitation process with aluminium as collector to remove the alkali metals and halogens and a solvent extraction process to eliminate iron. The necessity of scandium removal was indicated.

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Abstract  

Neutron activation analysis was successfully applied to the determination of Th and U at ppt levels in a neutral hot spring water. Blank test corrections were found to be essential to reach the final determined values. Normal NAA is a better method for the Th determination than epithermal NAA, while both NAAs are nearly equally effective for U determination.

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Abstract  

Determination of the lanthanoids in a neutral hot spring water has been studied by menas of neutron activation analysis. The aluminium coprecipitation process, which used aluminium as the collector of the lanthanoids, was incorporated in the preparation of a sample for irradiation. Nine lanthanoids, La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb, Tm, Yb and Lu, were determined at ppt levels with satisfactory precision, indicating the effectiveness of aluminium coprecipitation.

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Abstract  

The molecular state of epoxy resins for cryogenic use has been studied in terms of positron lifetime measurement. The addition of plasticizer increased the free volume in the epoxy and hence the ductility of the epoxy at room temperature was increased. The fracture toughness at cryogenic temperatures, however, decreased. The increase of molecular weight between crosslinks decreased the free volume in the epoxy at room temperature and increased the fracture toughness slightly at cryogenic temperature. Based on the data the molecular state model desired for cryogenic application was proposed and the nano-sized silica dispersed epoxy was prepared by means of sol-gel method to follow the model. The cryogenic properties of the silica dispersed epoxy and the free volume evaluated by positron annihilation lifetime were also discussed.

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Abstract  

A brine sample and two deposit samples of a salt lake in China were analyzed for their contents of lanthanoids (Ln's), thorium and uranium by neutron activation analysis. Five Ln's were determined at sub ppb levels. Th and U contents were at about the same levels as those of Ln's. The lanthanoid abundance patterns (Ln pattern) of the three samples are similar to each other, each having a negative slope in the light Ln region. There seems no substantial difference in distribution between the solution (brine) and solid (deposit) phases among Ln's.

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Abstract  

We present a brief description of the status of our accelerator mass spectrometry system at the tandem accelerator facility of the University of Tokyo and some examples of measurements in environmental samples which have been recently performed. Fallout10Be activities have been measured, from rain samples collected monthly in Tokyo from 1975 to 1977 and from 1984 to 1986, and compared with those of7Be and137Cs. A preliminary experiment on14C measurement in volcanic gas samples is also reported.

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This study examined the aging effect on disuse muscle atrophy prevention using heat stress. Wistar rats aged 7 and 60 weeks were divided into three groups as follows: control, immobilized (Im), and immobilized and heat stressed (ImH). Heat stress was given by immersing the hindlimbs in hot water (42 °C) for 60 min, once in every 3 days and the gastrocnemius (GAS) and soleus (SOL) muscles were extracted after 14 days. Muscle-fiber types were classified using ATPase staining. Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) was assessed through Western blotting. In GAS muscle of both groups and SOL muscle of 7-week-old rats, the fiber diameter of each muscle type in the ImH group significantly increased compared with that in the Im group. However, this could not be observed in the SOL muscle of the 60-week-old rats. The increased percentage of type-I fibers and variability of types I and II muscle-fiber diameter were evident in the SOL muscle of the 60-week rats. HSP70 was significantly elevated in the ImH group compared with in the Im group in both muscle types of both age groups. Thus, effectiveness of heat stress in the prevention of disuse muscle atrophy appears unsatisfactory in aging muscle fibers.

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