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  • Author or Editor: Y Yamada x
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Abstract  

For Mössbauer -rays in the in-beam Mössbauer experiments using various beams such as heavy ion, secondary short-lived isotope, and neutron beams, it is important to develop a detector. A parallel-plate avalanche counter (PPAC) is the most suitable gas counter for on-line measurements, because PPAC collects the internal conversion electrons emitted by the Mössbauer effect even under high -background. We evaluated the influences of the pressure and flow rate of the counter gas against the counting efficiency of PPAC, and determined the optimum conditions for use in the in-beam Mössbauer experiments.

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Abstract  

The state of dispersion and photochemical behaviour of tris/-diketonato/ iron/III/ complexes isolated in low temperature matrices were characterized by means of57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. Tris/acetylacetonato/iron/III/ iron/III/ molecules isolated in a nitrogen matrix were aggregated by photoexcitation. Photoreduction of tris/hexafluoroacetylacetonato/-iron/III/ in solid ethanol was also monitored by the Mössbauer technique.

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Abstract  

The UV photolysis of pentacarbonyliron isolated in low temperature nitrogen matrix was studied by the Mössbauer Technique. Besides stable compounds /Fe2/CO/9 and Fe3/CO/12/ unstable species such as Fe/Co/4 and Fe2/CO/8 were produced by UV irradiation. Furthermore, the unstable species were found to react with nitrogen matrix, leading to the formation of Fe/CO/4N2. Mössbauer parameters of the products were obtained.

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Abstract  

The temporal variation of 14C concentrations in atmospheric CO2 samples collected every 10 days was measured in the Takao area of Kanazawa, Ishikawa prefecture, Japan (36.52°N, 136.64°E), from April 1991 to December 1995. The monthly mean levels of 14C concentration in the Takao area demonstrated 10–50‰ lower concentrations than the background levels only in the winter season. This decrease seemed to be caused by the local fossil fuel contribution by heating in the winter season in the Takao area, which is located in an urban region near the center of Kanazawa. It is noteworthy that a remarkable peak was observed from late April to mid-May each year from 1991 to 1995 in the variation of 14C concentrations in atmospheric CO2. This phenomenon is similar to that of the so-called “spring peak” observed in Japan for other radionuclides.

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Abstract  

The long-term variation of 14C concentrations in atmospheric CO2 samples collected every 10 days was measured in the Ohkuwa area of Kanazawa, Ishikawa prefecture, Japan (36.3°N, 136.4°E), from April 1991 to December 2000. The 14C concentration decreased gradually by about 5‰ each year from 1991 to 2000, with a pronounced seasonal cycle which began to increase from spring and reached the maximum in late July or early August, followed by a decrease to the minimum from December to February. The appearance of large seasonal cycles and the extreme decrease of 14C concentration in winter seemed to be caused mainly by the air containing a large amount of 14C-free fossil fuel CO2 transported across the Sea of Japan from the Asian continent, not by the influence of local fossil fuel consumption.

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Summary  

Pyrite FeS2 was laser-deposited onto Al substrates at various temperatures, and the Mössbauer spectra of the films were measured. The yields and the Mössbauer parameters of FeS2 and FeS changed depending on the formation temperature, because of the sulfur deficiency in the lattice structures. In addition, hematite Fe2O3 was employed as a laser-ablation target, and FeO and Fe2O3 were deposited on SiO2/Si substrates. It was shown that laser-deposition of compounds can produce films that have different chemical species than the laser-evaporated materials.

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Abstract  

Concentration of organically-bound tritium in the tree-ring cellulose of a pine tree grown in Shika-machi, Ishikawa prefecture, Japan (37.1°N, 136.5°E), was measured during the ring-years from 1949 to 1999. The results were compared with those of a pine tree grown in Tatsunokuchi-machi, Ishikawa prefecture, Japan (36.4°N, 136.5° E). The annual variation of tritium in tree rings demonstrated two differences between the Shika-machi tree and the Tatsunokuchi-machi tree. No secondary peak appeared in the period after the maximum peak of 1963 for the Shika-machi tree, while two peaks appeared in 1966 and 1970 for the Tatsunokuchi-machi tree. In addition, the height of the 1963 peak was 30% higher for the Shika-machi tree than for the Tatsunokuchi-machi tree. These differences are considered to be caused by the influence that the underground water in the root zone of the Tatsunokuchi-machi tree was strongly affected by water which was transported to the tree site from mountain regions as compared to the Shika-machi tree.

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Abstract  

Mössbauer parameters of tin compounds, Sn(CH3)2H4–n (n=0, 1, 2, 3, 4), isolated in low temperature matrices were related to electronic properties at the tin nuclei obtained by molecular orbital calculations. Structures of novel species, Sn(CH3)2 and Sn(CH3)H, produced via photodissociation of matrix-isolated Sn(CH3)3H and Sn(CH3)2H2, respectively, were determined on the basis of molecular orbital calculations as compared with Mössbauer parameters. The correlations between Mössbauer quadrupole splitting and calculated electric field gradient using STO-3G or MINI-4 were found to depend on the valence of tin atoms because of poor allowance for basis sets in describing highly polar molecules.

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The benefit of body weight resistance exercise with slow movement (BWRE-slow) for muscle function is well-documented, but not for energy metabolism. We aimed to examine physiological responses [e.g., energy expenditure (EE), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and blood lactate (La)] during and after BWRE-slow compared to EE-matched treadmill walking (TW). Eight healthy young men (23.4 ± 1.8 years old, 171.2 ± 6.2 cm, 63.0 ± 4.8 kg) performed squat, push-up, lunge, heel-raise, hip-lift, and crunch exercises with BWRE-slow modality. Both the concentric and eccentric phases were set to 3 s. A total of three sets (10 repetitions) with 30 s rest between sets were performed for each exercise (26.5 min). On another day, subjects walked on a treadmill for 26.5 min during which EE during exercise was matched to that of BWRE-slow with the researcher controlling the treadmill speed manually. The time course changes of EE and RER were measured. The EE during exercise for BWRE-slow (92.6 ± 16.0 kcal for 26.5 min) was not significantly different from the EE during exercise for TW (95.5 ± 14.1 kcal, p = 0.36). BWRE-slow elicited greater recovery EE (40.55 ± 3.88 kcal for 30 min) than TW (37.61 ± 3.19 kcal, p = 0.029). RER was significantly higher in BWRE-slow during and 0–5 min after exercise, but became significantly lower during 25–30 min after exercise, suggesting greater lipid oxidation was induced about 30 min after exercise in BWRE-slow compared to TW. We also indicated that BWRE-slow has 3.1 metabolic equivalents in average, which is categorized as moderate-intensity physical activity.

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Abstract  

Thermal stability of para (p--) and ortho (o-) isomers was investigated by CRTG and reaction kinetic analysis. The temperature started the mass decrease of o-isomer was about 20C lower than that of p-isomer by CRTG. The activation energies of thermal decomposition of o- and p-isomers were 136.9 and 153.4 kJ mol–1, respectively. The effect of steric hindrance on heat of formation was calculated by AM1 method using Win MOPAC3.0 for the model compound of p- and o-isomers. The lower stability of o-isomer was the results of the steric hindrance between the ethylene unit of aromatic ring and three alkyl chains.

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