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Abstract  

The aim of this work was to obtain membranes from polyamide 6/montmorillonite clay nanocomposites through the phase inversion technique. The nanocomposites and membranes from polyamide 6/montmorillonite clay were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Thermogravimetry (TG) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). Microporous and asymmetric membranes were successfully obtained from nanocomposites and the results showed that the salts were incorporated by intercalation between the organoclay layers and, apparently that the nanocomposites and membranes were thermally more stable than the pure polyamide.

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Abstract  

In the present work, the thermal decomposition of glimepiride (sulfonylurea hypoglycemic agent) was studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry/derivative thermogravimetry (TG/DTG). Isothermal and non-isothermal methods were employed to determine kinetic data of decomposition process. The physical chemical properties and compatibilities of several commonly used pharmaceutical excipients (glycolate starch, microcrystalline cellulose, stearate, lactose and Plasdone) with glimepiride were evaluated using thermoanalytical methods. The 1:1 physical mixtures of these excipients with glimepiride showed physical interaction of the drug with Mg stearate, lactose and Plasdone. On the other hand, IR results did not evidence any chemical modifications. From isothermal experiments, activation energy (E a) can be obtained from slope of lnt vs. 1/T at a constant conversion level. The average value of this energy was 123 kJ mol–1. For non-isothermal method E a can be obtained from plot of logarithms of heating rates, as a function of inverse of temperature, resulting a value of 157 and 150 kJ mol–1, respectively, in air and N2 atmosphere, from the first stage of thermal decomposition.

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Abstract  

The degradation kinetics of the ABS terpolymer (acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene) was investigated by means of thermogravimetric analysis. The samples were heated from 30 to 900°C in nitrogen atmosphere applying three different heating rates: 5, 10 and 20°C min−1. The Vyazovkin model-free kinetic method was used to calculate the activation energy (E) of the degradation process as a function of conversion and temperature. Between 20 and 80% of conversion, E was calculated and the figures were: for ABS GP, E is 204.5±11.5 kJ mol−1 (medium value); for ABS HI, E is 239.0±9.8 kJ mol−1; for ABS HH, E is 242.4±5.4 kJ mol−1.

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Abstract  

Pt/WOx–ZrO2 bifunctional catalysts were synthesized using impregnation and polymeric precursor methods. After the synthesis process the samples were calcined at 600, 700 and 800C and characterized by X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption and temperature programmed reduction study by thermogravimetry. DTG-TPR profiles showed between three and five reduction events at different temperatures attributed to platinum reduction and to different stages of tungsten species reduction. A comparative study of the synthesis method influence on the DTG-TPR curves was accomplished.

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Abstract

The thermo-programmed reduction study of Pt/WOx–ZrO2 materials prepared with different tungsten loading were performed by thermogravimetry. The samples were synthesized by impregnation method and calcined at 600, 700 and 800°C. The characterizations of both un-calcined and calcined materials were carried out using different techniques: thermal analysis (TG and DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermo-programmed reduction (TPR). TG and DTA analysis of un-calcined were used to determination of calcination temperatures of the samples. XRD diffractograms were useful to help us in the determination of phase presents. TPR profiles showed between three and four events at different temperatures attributed to platinum reduction and the different stages of tungsten specie reduction.

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Abstract  

The study of the incorporation of rare earth elements as additives in Y zeolites is a very interesting field of research, mainly by its potential application as additives in catalytic cracking process. In this work was studied the thermal and structural properties of cerium, holmium and samarium supported on HZSM-12 zeolite. The obtained materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), nitrogen adsorption, thermogravimetry (TG/DTG), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). TG/DSC/DTA analyses showed that the dehydration temperatures of RE/HZSM-12 zeolites (RE=Ce, Ho, Sm) increase in relation to pure HZSM-12. The acid properties were investigated by pyridine thermo desorption via TG. The results showed two events of mass loss attributed to elimination of pyridine adsorbed on the weak+medium acid sites and on the strong acid sites.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. Garrido Pedrosa, P. Pimentel, D. Araújo Melo, H. Scatena, F. Borges, A. Souza, and L. Zinner

Abstract  

Ln(TFA)3⋅3AZA (Ln=La, Sm, Er; TFA=trifluoroacetate and AZA=2-azacyclononanone)compounds were synthesized and characterized by microanalytical procedures, IR spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, and thermal analysis. A kinetic study using La, Sm and Er thermogravimetric curves was carried out aiming to proposing a mechanism for the thermal decomposition of such complexes.

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