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Abstract  

Two sediment cores (~30 m long) were retrieved at the mouth of the Minho Estuary to assess its palaeoenvironmental evolution for the last millennia. Samples were characterized by Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry and Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis, complemented by sedimentological analyses. Provenance of major and trace element contents (lithogenic or biogenic, continental or marine) is assessed. The influence of grain size effect on total element concentration is discussed. Most of the samples present a negative Eu anomaly. Sedimentological and geochemical parameters allow differentiating four geological units––fluvial, marine, estuarine and sand barrier––which reflects the temporal evolution of the Minho Estuary.

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Abstract  

A geochemical study was carried out in sediment cores along the Galician Continental Shelf and at the mouth of the Vigo and Pontevedra Rias. Multielemental analysis was performed by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis and Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry. Sedimentological and geochemical characterisation (lithogenic, biogenic and anthropogenic elements) indicates different supplies for the fine-grained, deposited sediments. No significant heavy metal enrichment could be detected in coastal sediments despite the current sediment contamination in adjacent Rias. Variations in the accumulation rates suggest different factors controlling the sedimentation processes including sediment sources and geomorphology.

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Abstract  

Environmental quality assessment studies have been conducted with tree species largely distributed in the Atlantic Forest. Leaf and soil samples were collected in the conservation unit Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (PESM) nearby the industrial complex of Cubatão, São Paulo State, Brazil, and analyzed for chemical elements by instrumental neutron activation analysis. Results were compared to background values obtained in the Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho (PECB). The higher As, Fe, Hg and Zn mass fractions in the tree leaves of PESM indicated anthropogenic influence on this conservation unit.

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Abstract  

The degradation kinetics of the ABS terpolymer (acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene) was investigated by means of thermogravimetric analysis. The samples were heated from 30 to 900°C in nitrogen atmosphere applying three different heating rates: 5, 10 and 20°C min−1. The Vyazovkin model-free kinetic method was used to calculate the activation energy (E) of the degradation process as a function of conversion and temperature. Between 20 and 80% of conversion, E was calculated and the figures were: for ABS GP, E is 204.5±11.5 kJ mol−1 (medium value); for ABS HI, E is 239.0±9.8 kJ mol−1; for ABS HH, E is 242.4±5.4 kJ mol−1.

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Abstract  

Pt/WOx–ZrO2 bifunctional catalysts were synthesized using impregnation and polymeric precursor methods. After the synthesis process the samples were calcined at 600, 700 and 800C and characterized by X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption and temperature programmed reduction study by thermogravimetry. DTG-TPR profiles showed between three and five reduction events at different temperatures attributed to platinum reduction and to different stages of tungsten species reduction. A comparative study of the synthesis method influence on the DTG-TPR curves was accomplished.

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Abstract

The thermo-programmed reduction study of Pt/WOx–ZrO2 materials prepared with different tungsten loading were performed by thermogravimetry. The samples were synthesized by impregnation method and calcined at 600, 700 and 800°C. The characterizations of both un-calcined and calcined materials were carried out using different techniques: thermal analysis (TG and DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermo-programmed reduction (TPR). TG and DTA analysis of un-calcined were used to determination of calcination temperatures of the samples. XRD diffractograms were useful to help us in the determination of phase presents. TPR profiles showed between three and four events at different temperatures attributed to platinum reduction and the different stages of tungsten specie reduction.

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Abstract  

The study of the incorporation of rare earth elements as additives in Y zeolites is a very interesting field of research, mainly by its potential application as additives in catalytic cracking process. In this work was studied the thermal and structural properties of cerium, holmium and samarium supported on HZSM-12 zeolite. The obtained materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), nitrogen adsorption, thermogravimetry (TG/DTG), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). TG/DSC/DTA analyses showed that the dehydration temperatures of RE/HZSM-12 zeolites (RE=Ce, Ho, Sm) increase in relation to pure HZSM-12. The acid properties were investigated by pyridine thermo desorption via TG. The results showed two events of mass loss attributed to elimination of pyridine adsorbed on the weak+medium acid sites and on the strong acid sites.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. Garrido Pedrosa, P. Pimentel, D. Araújo Melo, H. Scatena, F. Borges, A. Souza, and L. Zinner

Abstract  

Ln(TFA)3⋅3AZA (Ln=La, Sm, Er; TFA=trifluoroacetate and AZA=2-azacyclononanone)compounds were synthesized and characterized by microanalytical procedures, IR spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, and thermal analysis. A kinetic study using La, Sm and Er thermogravimetric curves was carried out aiming to proposing a mechanism for the thermal decomposition of such complexes.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: S. Silva, M. Conceiçăo, A. Souza, S. Prasad, M. Silva, V. Fernandes, A. Araújo, and F. Sinfrônio

Abstract  

The powder and the bran of algaroba pods, submitted to drying temperatures of 55, 65, 75, 85, 95 and 105C, were studied by conventional and thermogravimetric methods. The dynamic thermogravimetric curves of the samples indicated the following thermal stability order: 105>55>65>95>85>75C. The powder and the bran of algaroba pods, dried at 55C, presented protein content higher and isothermal thermogravimetric profiles comparable. The calorimetric curves of samples, dried at 55C, indicated the gelatinization of starch.

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