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Acta Physiologica Hungarica
Authors:
A Bandyopadhyay
,
R Dalui
,
S Pal
,
I Bhattacharjee
,
B Goswami
, and
AS Roy

Rapid economic and industrial growths imposed significant impact on human health including the pulmonary health. Questions were raised regarding the validity of the existing prediction norms of pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in a particular population. The present study was conducted to investigate the applicability of the existing norms for PFTs in young healthy non-smoking female university students of Kolkata, India. Significant difference was noted in vital capacity (VC), forced vital capacity (FVC), and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) when the present data were compared with the earlier study in similar population. Correlation statistic revealed significant relationship of age and body height with all the PFT parameters. Body mass had significant correlation with VC, FVC, FEV1 as a percentage of FVC (FEV1%), and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR). Regression equations have been computed for predicting PFTs from age and body height. There has been a change of PFTs in the studied population for the last couple of decades due to increased environmental pollution in the course of economical and industrial developments. Regression equations computed in this study are not only recommended to predict PFT parameters in the studied population, but they are also considered more reliable owing to their substantially smaller standard error of estimate than those proposed in the previous study.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
R.N. Acharya
,
K. Sudarshan
,
A.G.C. Nair
,
Y.M. Scindia
,
A. Goswami
,
A.V.R. Reddy
, and
S.B. Manohar

Abstract  

The guided thermal neutron beam at 100 MW Dhruva research reactor facility of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) was used to carry out prompt gamma-ray neutron activation analysis (PGNAA). The prompt k 0-factors have been determined for the isotopes of the elements H, B, K, Co, Cu, Ca, Ti, Cr, Cd, Ba, Hg and Gd with respect to 1951 keV gamma-line of 36Cl. The prompt k 0-factors for H, Cl and Cu were also measured with respect to the 1381 keV gamma-line of 49Ti. Different samples like NH4Cl, Ti metal, cobalt chloride and other stoichiometric compounds and pure metals were used for this purpose. Prompt gamma-rays were accumulated using a 22% HPGe detector connected to a PC based 8k MCA in single mode counting. The energy calibration in the range of 100–8500 keV was carried out using gamma-rays from 152Eu and 60Co, and the prompt gamma-rays from 36Cl whereas the absolute detection efficiency for this energy range was determined using 152Eu and prompt gamma-rays from 36Cl and 49Ti.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
B. Shivashankar
,
H. Naik
,
S. Suryanarayana
,
P. Prajapati
,
V. Mulik
,
K. Jagadeesan
,
S. Thakare
,
A. Goswami
, and
S. Ganesan

Abstract  

The reaction cross-sections for 64Ni(n, γ) 65Ni at E n  = 0.025 eV and 58Ni (n, p) 58Co at E n  = 3.7 MeV have been experimentally determined using activation and off-line γ-ray spectrometric technique. The thermal neutron flux used is from the thermal Column of the reactor APSARA at BARC, Mumbai, whereas the neutron energy of 3.7 MeV is from the 7Li(p, n) reaction at Pelletron facility, TIFR, Mumbai. The 64Ni(n, γ) 65Ni and 58Ni(n, p) 58Co reactions cross-sections from present work are compared with the available literature data and found to be in good agreement. The 58Ni(n, p) 58Co reaction as a function of neutron energy is also calculated theoretically using TALYS computer code version 1.2 and found to be higher than the experimental data.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
Rita Crasta
,
H. Naik
,
S. Suryanarayana
,
P. Prajapati
,
K. Jagadisan
,
S. Thakare
,
S. Ganesh
,
V. Nimje
,
K. Mittal
, and
A. Goswami

Abstract  

The 100Mo(γ, n) reaction cross-section was experimentally determined at end point bremsstrahlung energy of 10 and 12.5 MeV using off-line γ-ray spectrometric technique. It was also found that 100Mo(γ, n) reaction cross-section increases sharply from the end point bremsstrahlung energy of 10 MeV to 12.5 MeV, which may be because of GDR around the energy region of 12–16 MeV. The 100Mo(γ, n) reaction cross-section as a function of photon energy was calculated theoretically using TALYS 1.2 computer code. The flux-weighted average values of 100Mo(γ, n) reaction cross-section for bremsstrahlung having end point energy of 10 and 12.5 MeV were also calculated using the experimental and theoretical data of mono-energetic photon. The present experimental 100Mo(γ, n) reaction cross-sections were compared with the bremsstrahlung flux-weighted average values of experimental and theoretical data and found to be in the lower side for 10 MeV and in the higher side for 12.5 MeV.

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Cereal Research Communications
Authors:
R. Goswami
,
R.U. Zunjare
,
S. Khan
,
V. Muthusamy
,
A. Baveja
,
A.K. Das
,
S.K. Jaiswal
,
J.S. Bhat
,
S.K. Guleria
, and
F. Hossain

Vitamin-A deficiency is a major health concern. Traditional yellow maize possesses low provitamin-A (proA). Mutant crtRB1 gene significantly enhances proA. 24 experimental hybrids possessing crtRB1 allele were evaluated for β-carotene (BC), β-cryptoxanthin (BCX), lutein (LUT), zeaxanthin (ZEA), total carotenoids (TC) and grain yield at multi-locations. BC (0.64–17.24 µg/g), BCX (0.45–6.84 µg/g), proA (0.86–20.46 µg/g), LUT (9.60–31.03 µg/g), ZEA (1.24–12.73 µg/g) and TC (20.60–64.02 µg/g) showed wide variation. No significant genotype × location interaction was observed for carotenoids. The mean BC (8.61 µg/g), BCX (4.04 µg/g) and proA (10.63 µg/g) in crtRB1-based hybrids was significantly higher than normal hybrids lacking crtRB1-favourable allele (BC: 1.73 µg/g, BCX: 1.29 µg/g and proA: 2.37 µg/g). Selected crtRB1-based hybrids possessed 33% BC and 40% BCX compared to 6% BC and 5% BCX in normal hybrids. BC showed positive correlation with BCX (r = 0.90), proA (r = 0.99) and TC (r = 0.64) among crtRB1-based hybrids. Carotenoids didn't show association with grain yield. Average yield potential of proA rich hybrids (6794 kg/ha) was at par with normal hybrids (6961 kg/ha). PROAH-13, PROAH-21, PROAH-17, PROAH-11, PROAH-23, PROAH-24 and PROAH-3 were the most promising with >12 µg/g proA and >6000 kg/ha grain yield. The newly identified crtRB1-based hybrids assume significance in alleviating malnutrition.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
H. Naik
,
S. Surayanarayana
,
V. Mulik
,
P. Prajapati
,
B. Shivashankar
,
K. Jagadeesan
,
S. Thakare
,
D. Raj
,
S. Sharma
,
P. Bhagwat
,
S. Dhole
,
S. Ganesan
,
V. Bhoraskar
, and
A. Goswami

Abstract  

The 238U(n, γ)239U reaction cross-section at average neutron energy of 3.7 ± 0.3 MeV from the 7Li(p, n)7Be reaction has been determined using activation and off-line γ-ray spectrometric technique. The 238U(n, γ)239U and 238U(n, 2n)237U reaction cross-sections at average neutron energy of 9.85 ± 0.38 MeV from the same 7Li(p, n)7Be reaction have been also determined using the above technique. The experimentally determined 238U(n, γ)239U and 238U(n, 2n)237U reaction cross-sections were compared with the evaluated data of ENDF/B-VII, JENDL-4.0, JEFF-3.1 and CENDL-3.1. The experimental values were found to be in general agreement with the evaluated value based on ENDF/B-VII, and JENDL-4.0 but not with the JEFF-3.1 and CENDL-3.1. The present data along with literature data in a wide range of neutron energies were interpreted in terms of competition between different reaction channels including fission. The 238U(n, γ)239U and 238U(n, 2n)237U reaction cross-sections were also calculated theoretically using the TALYS 1.2 computer code and were also found to be in agreement experimental data.

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