Search Results

You are looking at 21 - 30 of 44 items for

  • Author or Editor: C. Garcia x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract  

A series of fluoropolymer films was synthesized by reacting 1,3-bis(1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-pentafluorophenylmethoxy-2-propyl)benzene (12F-FBE) with a series of bisphenol monomers via a polycondensation reaction. The biphenols used included a diphenol-substituted spirodilactam, biphenol, bisphenol A, bisphenol AF, bisphenol F and bisphenol O. Polymers films from these new fluoropolyaryl ethers were irradiated by a Gamma Beam 657-PT at a dose rate of 9 kGy/h; the absorbed dose was varied between 30 and 150 kGy. The effect on the chemical structure upon radiation was studied by DSC, TGA, FTIR-ATR, NMR, and GPC, both before and after irradiation. The data obtained allowed the determination of the degradation radiochemical yield (G s), between 0.24 and 7.43 crosslinking radiochemical yield (G x), from 0.03 to 1.47 and the ratio of G s/G x was between 2.89 and 8.28. There was no apparent physical change, from 30 to 150 kGy; the films continue to be flexible and transparent after irradiation.

Restricted access
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
S. García-Garabal
,
L. Segade
,
C. Franjo
,
E. Jiménez
,
M. Piñero
,
J. Legido
, and
M. Andrade
Restricted access

The thermal behaviour of some 2-benzylamino-2-deoxyheptonic acids obtained from 2-benzylamino-2-deoxy-D-glycero-L-gluco, 2-benzylamino-2-deoxy-D-glycero-D-ido and 2-benzylamino-2-deoxy-D-glycero-D-taloheptononitriles (reported) previously has been studied in air (static atmosphere) and N2 (dynamic atmosphere, flow rate 200 ml/min).

Restricted access

Abstract  

A new method is proposed for the separation of gadolinium(III) and lanthanum(III) in aqueous medium by nanofiltration combined with a complexation step. First DTPA was chosen as ligand for a selective Gd(III)/La(III) complexation. Having investigated the influence of three factors (pH, temperature and amount of ligand) for the selective complexation of DTPA towards Gd(III) and La(III), the system is then combined with a nanofiltration separation process to remove 92% of initial Gd(III) and only 12% of initial La.

Restricted access
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
S. Tejeda
,
G. Zarazúa-Ortega
,
P. Avila-Pérez
,
A. García-Mejía
,
L. Carapia-Morales
, and
C. Diaz-Delgado

Summary  

The Lerma is one of the most important rivers of Mexico, where it drains highly populated and industrialized regions. The concentration of six major and trace elements: titanium, manganese, iron, zinc, copper and lead in the surface sediments of the upper course of Lerma river was investigated, in order to identify its distribution along the river and to recognize the principal sites of pollution. The surface sediment samples were collected at 8 sites distributed following the stream flow direction of the river. Major and trace elements concentrations were determined by energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry. The results show that the metal concentrations in the sediments decrease in the sequence: Fe > Ti > Mn > Zn > Cu > Pb. Concentration of Fe, Mn and Ti were significantly higher than the other metals in site 8,200 meters downstream the Alzate Dam. The high concentrations and spatial variations of Zn, Cu and Pb in the middle sites of the upper course of the Lerma River indicate that the river pollution is probably associated with urban and industrial discharges.

Restricted access

Summary  

Ceramic samples found in San Miguel Ixtapan, Mexico State, Mexico, were analyzed by means of NAA, PIXE, SEM and XRD. Statistical treatments such as bivariate cluster and principal-components analysis were applied to the data set. The origins of these ceramic samples were classified as local, regional and foreign.

Restricted access
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
M. Azahra
,
J. López-Peñalver
,
M. Camacho-García
,
C. González-Gómez
,
T. El Bardouni
, and
H. Boukhal

Abstract  

Aerosols samples in near-surface air of Granada (Spain) were collected on a weekly basis. The seasonal 210Pb and 7Be concentrations were determined during the five-year period, from October 1993 to September 1997. The elements, despite their different origin and their different distribution throughout the atmosphere, present the same seasonal variation. There was a tendency for a maximum during the summer season and a minimum during fall and/or winter. In this work, the concentration of 7Be and 210Pb and meteorological data have been used in order to determine the periods of the potential radioactive pollution. This study, also, shows that the deposition of 7Be occurs primarily by precipitation except during the investigation periods where precipitation was scarce and irregular.

Restricted access
Restricted access

Abstract  

We have quantified the evolution during 1994 of the impact on the Tagus river of liquid releases of3H (51.3 TBq in the cited year), originating from the functioning of the Almaraz Nuclear Power Plant, and conditioned by the management of the cooling reservoir water. Taking into account, on the one hand, that tritiated water is hydrodynamically indistinguishable from untritiated water when both form part of the same mass of liquid, and, on the other, the practically null stratification and forced circulation of the water in the cited cooling reservoir, together with the hydrological fluxes interchanged between the said reservoir and the Tagus river (which is entirely regulated in the section under study and, because of prolonged drought, had a relatively small flow during the study period), we were able to model satisfactorily the temporal evolution of the3H activity in the cooling reservoir.

Restricted access

A set of ten durum wheat genotypes was grown in experiments conducted under four contrasting Mediterranean conditions during three years to assess the effect of latitude and water regime on grain growth and grain yield formation. The relationship between grain weight and accumulated growing degree-days (GDD) from anthesis was described by a logistic equation and final grain weight ( W ) and maximum rate ( R ) and duration ( D ) of grain filling were calculated from the fitted curves. Thousand kernel weight (TKW) was positively related to grain yield at both latitudes and water regimes, although the contribution of the number of grains per m 2 to final yield was only significant in the south, where environmental constraints likely limited the achievement of a large grain set. Differences in final grain weight between latitudes could be mostly explained by differences in the grain filling rate, while changes on W between water regimes were due to altered grain filling durations. Under northern conditions grain yield was positively associated to grain filling duration but negatively related to the maximum rate of grain filling, while in the south the coefficients of the grain filling curves had little or no effect on final yield. Reductions in grain yield under rainfed conditions were due to the fall in the number of grains per m 2 since TKW was not significantly affected by drought.

Restricted access