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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
Y. Oura
,
S. Enomoto
,
H. Nakahara
,
H. Matsue
, and
C. Yonezawa

Abstract  

Prompt -ray analysis with the internal monostandard method was used to organs taken from rats. After B or Cd was administered, the B/H and Cd/H contents ratios were determined in the brain, kidney, and liver to study their distribution and metabolism. Boron was distributed in all organs but metabolized quickly. Cd was slowly accumulated in the liver and kidneys during the 65 hours studied but no Cd was detected in the brain.

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Abstract  

Iron and boron species in the products of thermit reaction of aluminum, iron oxide, and boron oxide were characterized by Mössbauer spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and prompt γ-ray analysis. It was revealed that iron and boron products of the thermit reaction are composed of intermetallic compounds with aluminum.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
Sk. Latif
,
Y. Oura
,
M. Ebihara
,
G. Kallemeyn
,
H. Nakahara
,
C. Yonezawa
,
T. Matsue
, and
H. Sawahata

Abstract  

Neutron-induced prompt gamma-ray analysis (PGA) was applied to seven meteorite samples (Allende, Zagami, Acfer 209, ALH77005, ALH84001, EET79001 and Neagari). Samples were irradiated in both the thermal neutron and the cold neutron guided beams of JRR-3M at JAERI. Multiple samples of an Allende standard powder were analyzed for Si using two different methods: (1) the comparison method, using a Si standard, and (2) the mono-standard method, using Fe as an internal reference element. The Si concentrations determined by these two methods are in good agreement with literature values. The analytical sensitivity for Si using the cold neutron guided beam is∼14.3× higher than that for the thermal neutron guided beam. Other elements determined (B, Ca, Ti and S) also showed higher sensitivities using the cold neutron beam. The other meteorites studied showed some anomalous B and S values likely due to the effects of terrestrial weathering/contamination.

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Abstract  

Neutron induced prompt gamma-ray analysis (PGA) and instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) have been applied to the sediments collected from the Yasaka River estuary in Oita Prefecture, Japan. The vertical distribution of 33 elements in the sediments has been determined and compared with that in more polluted estuarine sediments. While the S content increased with increasing depth because of a sulphide accumulation under reducing condition, the increase in sulphide-forming elements such as Ag, Cd, Co and Zn was not observed in the deeper section of the Yasaka River estuarine sediments.

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Abstract  

An accurate and efficient analytical method using neutron-induced prompt γ-ray was developed for the determination of boron contents in volcanic rocks. We corrected the effect of sample geometry and flux fluctuation by using silicon as an internal standard. However, we found that the slopes of the calibration line vary among volcanic samples with different matrix. Because the increase of boron activity correlates positively with γ-ray count rate of hydrogen (water), we call this as the hydrogen effect. The hydrogen effect was confirmed by our experiment in which the boron activities showed systematic increase with the amount of added hydrogen (water). Most volcanic rocks, however, contain little water (<2 wt.%) to show this effect. We determined boron contents in various volcanic rocks in order to confirm the validity of the procedure that we established. The analyzed boron contents agreed well with the previous reported values. For efficient PGA of boron in volcanic rocks, we recommend JB-2 (GSJ standard rock) as a single geochemical standard, because of its high boron content (31.2 ppm).

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Abstract  

Neutron induced prompt -ray analysis (PGA) and instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) have been applied to the sediments collected from the Tama River estuary in Tokyo, Japan. The vertical distribution of 24 elements in the sediments was determined and the factors goveming the vertical profiles have been discussed. Major elements are distributed depending on weathering that proceeds much with increasing depth. Cadmium is highly concentrated in the deeper layer where sulphate ion is reduced to hydrogen sulphide. The distribution of several rare earth elements is also presented

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Abstract  

This paper describes effect of base profile for precise measurement of photon energy in prompt -ray analysis (PGA). The base profile has been examined in the vicinity of full energy (FE), single escape and double escape peaks. Major origins of step-wise base profiles are single and double escape events for triple photon annihilation and single and double Compton escape events for double photon annihilation in the detector, in addition to general events for the FE peak. A formula has been proposed for the quantitative characterization of the base profile.

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Abstract  

A permanent and stand-alone neutron-induced prompt -ray analysis (PGA) system, usable at both cold and thermal neutron beam guides of JRR-3M has been constructed. The characteristics of the system, including neutron beam and -ray spectrometer were measured. Owing to the absence of fast neutrons and the low -ray background, analytical sensitivities and detection limits better than those in other PGA systems have been achieved. Analytical results of ten elements in Standard Reference Material of Coal Fly Ash agreed well with those obtained by other methods. Isotopic analysis of Ni and its application to accurate and precise determination of Ni by stable isotope dilution method were performed.

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Abstract  

Boron concentration of plasma, feces, urine and body tissues from sheep fed with borated water (100 mg B/l) and tap water were determined by neutron-induced prompt gamma-ray analysis to elucidate boron metabolism. The B level in plasma and urine increased rapidly and the B content of feces increased greatly. The B concentrations in body tissues (liver, kidney, spleen, thyroid and muscle) of B dosed sheep were ten times higher than those of tap water administered sheep.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
Y. Oura
,
A. Saito
,
K. Sueki
,
H. Nakahara
,
T. Tomizawa
,
T. Nishikawa
,
C. Yonezawa
,
H. Matsue
, and
H. Sawahata

Abstract  

Prompt γ-ray analysis using the internal monostandard method was applied to voluminous archaeological bronze mirrors produced in ancient China. Sn/Cu content ratios were determined nondestructively by this method. Furthermore, Au/Cu, As/Cu, and Sb/Cu content ratios were determined by means of measuring decay γ-rays emitted from radioactive nuclides produced within samples via (n,γ) reactions. It is clear that the Sn/Cu content ratios in bronze mirrors produced in the Sung era is smaller than in ones produced in between the Han and the Tung era.

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