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Abstract  

The multitracer technique was applied to elucidate of influence of humate formation on adsorption behavior of ultratrace elements. Dissolved fractions of Co, As, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Ba, Ce, Eu, Gd, Tb, Yb, Lu, Hf, Re and Pt in contact with kaolinite or silica gel were determined simultaneously either in the presence or absence of humic acid, which was partly adsorbed on the solid. Percentage of dissolved fraction of rare earth elements was identical to that of humic acid, indicating high stability of the rare earth-humate complex. Hydrolysis was the most important factor controlling the behavior of Zr and Hf. Both hydrolysis and humate complexation influenced the adsorption of Co, Sr, Ba and Pt, whereas neither affected the distribution of As, Rb and Re.

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Abstract  

It was found that not only111mCd but also105Ag and106mAg sublimate at 1050 °C under a reduced pressure from Pd foils irradiated with -particles. The sublimation method has enabled rapid separation of the isotopes and repeated use of valuable Pd foils. Adsorption onte -Fe2O3 and coprecipitation with ferric hydroxide were studied by using radioactive tracers.

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Abstract  

We investigated successfully the uptake of the radionuclides with short half-lives, such as 24Na, 28Mg, 43K and 47Ca, and the effect of stable Ca on their uptake in carrot (Daucas carotacv. U.S. harumakigosun) by the multitracer technique. These radionuclides were produced by a fragmentation reaction of Ti in a 135 MeV/nucleon 12C beam accelerated by the RIKEN Ring Cyclotron. This study shows that these radionuclides in a multitracer can be utilized in environmental research.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: F. Ambe, Y. Ohkubo, S. Ambe, Y. Kobayashi, T. Okada, Y. Yanagida, J. Nakamura, K. Asai, Y. Kawase, and S. Uehara

Abstract  

The features of time-differential perturbed angular correlation (TDPAC) in studies on local chemical structures around impurity atoms are described in comparison with those of Mössbauer emission spectroscopy with four typical examples of recent applications to metal oxide systems, namely,99Rh 99Ru in -Fe2O3 and YBa2Cu3O7– and117Cd 117In in MO (M=Mn, Co, Ni) and BaRu2/3Cd1/3O3.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: S. Ambe, S. Chen, Y. Ohkubo, Y. Kobayashi, H. Maeda, M. Iwamoto, M. Yanokura, N. Takematsu, and F. Ambe

Abstract  

We established Multitracer, a new versatile radiotracer technique, for simultaneous tracing of a number of elements in various chemical, environmental, and biological systems. Metal foil targets (typically Au, Ag, Ge, Cu and Fe) are irradiated with C, N, or O ions accelerated up to 135 MeV/nucleon by RIKEN Ring Cyclotron. Radiochemical procedures have been developed to remove the target material leaving the nuclides as Multitracer solutions containing various radionuclides of Be, Na, Mg, K, Ca, Sc, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, As, Se, Br, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag, Cd, In, Sn, Te, I, Ba, Ce, Pm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Tm, Yb, Lu, Hf, W, Re, Os, Ir, Pt, and Hg. Multitracers enable efficient tracing of a number of elements, and comparison of their behavior under strictly identical experimental conditions. Such features will be demonstrated by means of an example of application to a model experiment for the study of removal mechanism of various elements from the ocean.

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Abstract  

The direct absorption of atmospheric elements via soybean leaves has been studied using a radioactive multitra r technique. Soybean was cultivated until it bore seeds in a box under no-rain conditions and with introduction of multitracer-adsorbed cellulose powders. The radioactive nuclides of 40 elements were produced from Au target irradiated with14N, and the nuclides with relatively long half-life of the elements Sc, Mn, Co, As, Se, Rb, Sr, Y, Eu, Gd, Yb, Re, and Ir were dominantly observed in each part of soybean plant.

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Abstract  

Transport and distribution of metal ions in rice and soybean plants were studied using multitracers produced by irradiating an Au target by 135 MeV/nucleon12C,14N, or16O ions accelerated by RIKEN Ring Cyclotron. The multitracer consisted of radioisotopes of the following elements: Be, Na, Sc, Mn, Fe, Co, Zn, Se, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Ag, Te, Ba, Ce, Pm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Tm, Yb, Lu, Hf, Ir, and Pt. Rice and soybean plants were grown in a nutrient solution and also on soil containing a multitracer. -ray spectroscopy of different parts of the plants showed that all the elements were more or less taken up by roots, while appreciable transport to leaves and seeds was observed only for Mn, Zn, Se, Rb, Sr, and Ba.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: W. Sato, K. Sueki, K. Kikuchi, K. Kobayashi, S. Suzuki, Y. Achiba, H. Nakahara, Y. Ohkubo, F. Ambe, and K. Asai

Abstract  

Time-differential perturbed angular correlation method was applied to Ce@C82 in order to investigate the electronic properties of the encaged Ce atom. The nuclear quadrupole frequency of the nuclear spin of the Ce was successfully determined as ωQ = 6.5(3)·107 rad/s, which is much greater than what has already been estimated for Ce4+ and La3+ in other compounds. By comparing the present value with the values for the Ce4+ and La3+, it was inferred that the valence state of the encaged Ce atom is trivalent.

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